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canine nutrition homeopathy and natural health care training and behavior Volume 3 Issue 1 January February 2012 DOGS NATURALLY for dogs without boundaries VACCINES AND JOINT DISEASE is there a connection Cruciate REHAB RAW diets PROLOTHERAPY Pain Doesn t Discriminate One in five dogs is affected by arthritis. The good news is there are steps you can take to prevent this from happening. Along with regular exercise and a healthy diet adding LubriSyn to the mix will take your dog out of that statistic. LubriSyn is a natural hyaluronan supplement that replenishes healthy joint fluid the way nature intended. www.LubriSyn.com 1-800-901-8498 Visit us on and Use Promotion Code painfree to get 25% off your purchase ate s N At Nate s we carry only the best all natural food and treats for your canine and feline friends. We strive to give every customer that one-on-one service you would expect from your neighborhood all-natural pet store. We believe that feeding your dog naturally isn t a gimmick it s a lifestyle. Chicago s Trusted Source for Natural Pet Food & Supplies atural Pet Supplies New bigger and brighter location at Halsted and Altgeld Mention this ad and get 5 off any large bag of food We Carry Only the Best All Natural Food and Treats Available 800 West Altgeld Street Chicago 773-477-7387 www.naturalpetsupplychicago.com INTUITION PUBLISHING Editor Sales Dana Scott Julia Henriques Ellen Kohn Vic Neumann Photographer s Sandro Avila Promotions and Events Nicole DiBernardo Administration Margaret Houlihan Dogs Naturally articles are selected for their general interest and entertainment value. The authors views do not necessarily reflect the policies and opinions of Intuition Publishing nor does their publication in Dogs Naturally constitute an endorsement. Information offered in Dogs Naturally is for educational purposes and is not intended to replace veterinary advice. ADVERTISING For information on ad rates deadlines and requirements email sales dogsnaturallymagazine.com. Dogs Naturally reserves the right to reject any advertisement submitted. SUBMISSIONS Dogs Naturally welcomes submissions of articles artwork or photography. Submission constitutes permission for Dogs Naturally at its sole discretion to use the submitted materials in whole or in part without compensation to the submitter. Detailed information on the format and requirements for submission is available via email. Please email submissions and requests to dana dogsnaturallymagazine.com. SUBSCRIPTION PROBLEMS If you are missing an issue have a change of mailing address or have a subscription-related problem please contact customer service at subscribe dogsnaturallymagazine.com. PERMISSIONS This entire publication is copyrighted. Contents of Dogs Naturally may not be reproduced or reprinted in whole or in part without the prior written consent of Intuition Publishing. MISSION STATEMENT The goal of each issue of Dogs Naturally is to document the various concepts of and approaches to holistic dog care. Dogs Naturally seeks to support pet owners breeders trainers groomers vets and health care providers through education and open communication. The goal of our editorials is to present varying viewpoints on natural care. SUBSCRIPTION Bulk or wholesale subscriptions are available at reduced rates. To subscribe call (877) 6651290 or visit www.dogsnaturallymagazine. com. Dogs Naturally is published six times per year. INTUITION PUBLISHING 5065 10th Line RR2 New Tecumseth ON Canada L0G 1A0 E-mail info dogsnaturallymagazine.com Web site www.dogsnaturallymagazine.com editor s message As I write this I m huddled in front of the fireplace as the first cold day of the season is upon us. There was even a light snowfall as I took the dogs out for their morning run. Now it s evening and my dogs are settling in for the night with bellies full of fresh venison warming themselves by the fire as I enjoy a tea and reflect on the day and the close of the year. Like most years I ve had my share of ups and downs as have my dogs. My oldest dog Libby is now nearly 15 and has started to show signs of wearing down. She is starting to lose control of her bowels at night and while the other dogs accompany me for hour long treks she is now relegated to slow walks down the lane way to retrieve the mail. I wonder if she will make it through the winter season but she is either blissfully unaware or uncaring of what the future holds for her and at the moment her only concern is finding a warm and comfortable bed for the night. On peaceful nights such as this I too take a breather from life in general and the relentless work that goes into Dogs Naturally. Some days it is nearly suffocating there is so much to do and so little time to do it. But Julia and I march on fueled by the knowledge that our fight is a good fight and well worth the effort. It s good to sometimes sit back and just be in the moment like old Libby. In these quiet moments I reflect on the camaraderie of my dogs as they lay in an amicable heap by the fire sharing the best bed in the house. For tonight I won t worry that the issue you are reading now is just a jumble of blank pages and I ve only a week left before it goes off to the printers. I m not worried about the dozens of emails that need to go out tomorrow morning the footprints the dogs have left on my floors that will need to be mopped up or the cords of firewood that need to be cut and piled. Tonight I m just going to enjoy the moment and tomorrow I ll worry about the inevitable. There are lots of things to celebrate tonight. The beautiful fire my wonderful dogs and my largest passion Dogs Naturally. Today I ve received phone calls from people who just wanted to congratulate me on the magazine. I ve also received some lovely emails from dog owners who took the time to put their appreciation into words. Tonight I am celebrating being a small part of a wonderful community of very special people. I m excited for the future of Dogs Naturally but that is tempered by the fact that there is a lot of work ahead to make it even bigger and better for 2012. But that can wait until tomorrow. Tonight I m taking the time to enjoy our successes and the kind words that people generously bestowed upon me today. Tonight at this moment life is very good indeed and I am warmed not just by the fire but by the thoughtful gestures from our supporters. I think I ll make another cup of tea... Dana 4 January February 2012 Dogs Naturally Magazine feedback I just finished reading the entire issue cover to cover and I was so thoroughly interested in every article beginning with your editor s article that I could not put it down I was so excited to see a lot of information that reinforced the ideals I currently use for treating my own pets through homeopathy and raw diets. I found the article on osteosarcoma especially touching as I myself have a Lab which was diagnosed with this disease a year ago. My vet at the time informed me he had only weeks to live and to prepare for losing him. I was devastated and sought a second opinion at which time I found a surgeon that specialized in cancer surgery. My Lab had his ulna bone removed on his front leg and has been cancer free for one year post-op. The only treatment my lab has received since his surgery is through remedies from my homeopath. All of my pets have been under treatment for approximately the last three years after an autoimmune reaction occurred in my same Lab several months after having a vaccine. I began with my homeopath after my vet had no treatment to offer other than prednisone therapy which deteriorated his entire body away. I have my homeopath to credit for all my pets enjoying healthier happier lives. The vets of course have NO explanation and are amazed that he has done so remarkably well. I am a pet groomer by profession with over 25 years experience. At my pet spa we are always trying to open clients minds to alternative therapies and better diets. I do think that yes we are still considered freaks sometimes but once you can offer advice to someone who has tried every vet ointment spray and pills and still sees their pet miserable no matter how unconventional alternative natural treatments sound they will try them and then they cant believe the changes they see and often how quickly they see things improve. When this occurs pet owners are like sponges wanting to learn more and more what they can do to make a healthier natural life for their pets. I love when that happens Keep up the great articles and can t wait for next issue. Debbie Burns Four Paws Only Dracut MA SEND US YOUR LETTERS Letters may be edited for length and clarity - please keep them brief - and not all letters will be published. Please sign your correspondence. Opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect those of Dogs Naturally or its staff. DOGS NATURALLY MAGAZINE 5065 10th Line RR2 New Tecumseth ON LOG 1AO Email letters dogsnaturallymagazine.com Fax 877 665-1290 contributors VIC NEUMANN is a retired educator who knows that you have to love what you photograph - and the rest takes care of itself. He and his wife Joan are owned by two Leonbergers Lincoln and Cassie. Vic has self-published two volumes of dog photography to raise funds for Leonberger rescue organizations. His books DAWGS can be previewed on blurb.com. Dogs Naturally Magazine January February 2012 DR DEBBIE GROSS SAUNDERS has been rehabilitating and conditioning dogs for over sixteen years. She is one of the pioneers in the world on canine physical rehabilitation. Debbie lives in Connecticut with her family eight dogs and an array of other animals. DR ANDREW JONES lives in Nelson BC with his wife Catherine his children Liam and Aliza and family pets Lewis Cleo and Trent. Dr Jones is a strong advocate of safe natural home care for dogs and cats and works to empower pet owners worldwide to become more active in their pets health. 5 DOGS NATURALLY the magazine for dogs without boundaries Contents Volume 3 Issue 1 FEATURES 13 ESSENTIAL OMEGA FATTY ACIDS The mystery and myths that surround essential and non-essential fatty acid requirements in dogs. Part II. by Franco Cavaleri BSc NB CHOOSING A VET A hard look at how choosing the wrong vet can cost you both money and heartache. by Peter Dobias DVM DOG PARKS Many dog owners take their dogs to the dog park on a regular basis. This article explores the inherent dangers of dog parks and questions whether your dog should go or not. by Debra Ekman CPDT CANINE SPORTS INJURIES A look at common injuries in athletic or active dogs. by Julie Mayer DVM CANINE DIABETES Common causes of this emerging disease and holistic solutions. by Stephen Blake DVM CLOSED FOR BUSINESS How a Nelson BC vet was forced to choose between natural health care and his veterinary license.. by Andrew Jones DVM COLUMNS 4 5 5 8 23 40 EDITOR S MESSAGE FEEDBACK CONTRIBUTORS ASK THE VET with Dr. Gerald Wessner THE APOTHECARY Hypericum NUTRITION WITH LUCY New Year s Resolutions To Benefit You And Your Dog 10 MINUTE TRAINER Getting Behavior You Want ACROSS THE POND When There s Nothing Else You Can Do Catherine O Driscoll DOG PEOPLE Bette Schubert of Bravo I NEED THAT Product Reviews CLASSIFIED SECTION Holistic Products and Services SECRET GARDEN Turmeric COVER 10 RAW DIETS A guide to creating species appropriate diets that even small dogs will enjoy. by Celeste Yarnall PhD VACCINES COLLAGEN AND JOINT DISEASE A look at the growing body of evidence linking vaccines to joint disease in dogs. by Dana Scott PROLOTHERAPY A non-surgical option for joint diseases ranging from cruciate tears to arthritis. by Deva Khalsa DVM CRUCIATE TEARS Exercises you can do to help your dog recover from this dreaded injury without invasive surgery. by Debbie Gross Saunders DPT MSPT OCS CCRP _____________________________ COVER DOG Tarka Rescue Samoyed Loved by Julia Henriques Chicago Photographer Julia Henriques 20 16 24 26 45 46 30 36 34 48 50 52 54 42 Page 30 Page 26 Dogs Naturally is published six times per year by Intuition Publishing. Principal office 5065 10th Line RR2 New Tecumseth Ontario Canada L0G 1A0 Intuition Publishing and Dogs Naturally Magazine. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is prohibited. Postmaster Send address changes to Dogs Naturally 5065 10th Line RR2 New Tecumseth Ontario L0G 1A0 Digital subscription rates are 14.95 per year. Print subscription rates are 24.95 for US residents and 29.95 for Canadian residents. Bulk subscriptions are available at reduced rates. To subscribe call (877) 665-1290 or visit www.dogsnaturallymagazine.com Let it happen with February is Pet Dental Health Month and Petzlife Oral Care Spray and Gel is an easy way to have your beloved pet s teeth and gums become healthy again without anesthesia and scaling. Did you know that 80% of dogs and 70% of cats have oral disease by the time they are three years old Staggering The good news is that pets can live longer healthier lives if oral health care is managed and maintained throughout their lives. In fact proper dental care may add as much as five years to your pet s life Petzlife Oral Care breaks down the plaque and tartar that leads to gum disease and gets to the root of the problem by killing off the bacteria that causes bad breath as well. Easy To Use 100% Natural 100% Guaranteed 100% Safe Veterinarian Recommended Get a free QR code reader from your app store and scan this with your smartphone for special o er. entered on the firstpage of the checkout or call and mention code SI Made in USA Species Appropriate diets by Celeste Yarnall PhD Thinking of switching your dog to raw Do you want an easy-to-follow recipe that will ensure you are not missing any important nutrients for your dog How about a way to make raw feeding easier for small and toy breeds There are as many ways to feed raw as there are dogs but if you are hesitant to take that first step Dr. Celeste Yarnall gives you a recipe to get you started safely. The value of a raw food diet lies in its content of enzymes undamaged by the heat of cooking. Enzymes are responsible for every metabolic reaction that takes place in your body whether it is the blinking of your eye or the functioning of your liver. Thus when you re out of enzymes you re out of vitality in fact you re out of life. It s been said that we re all born with a checking account filled with enzymes. Some people watch every check they write very carefully. Think of enzymes like this when you eat an apple turnover at a fast food restaurant you re virtually writing a very big check to your enzyme bank. When you eat an apple you re writing a much smaller check and that is a very good thing to do as it conserves the precious resources your pancreas has to offer. This applies to your companion dog too. Pet food manufacturers cook their meat to sterilize it and supposedly to prevent disease (they also add chemicals to sterilize and preserve the meat) but this is necessary only because they re using inferior and spoiled animal remains to begin with. For example when animal fat is cooked it becomes grease which isn t any better for your animal s arteries than it is for your own. Cooking food also alters proteins and renders them much more difficult to digest. Cooking destroys the valuable enzymes found in raw meat and vegetables. Enzymes break down foods and also play a specific role in the process of absorption of substances. Several enzymes are essential transporters of nutrient substances. Most commercial dog and cat foods are essentially dead and rely totally on the animal s own digestive enzymes for nutrition. When the January February 2012 Dogs Naturally Magazine 10 Essential Omega-Fatty Acids Mystery and Myths - PART II by Franco Cavaleri BSc NB Essential Fat Facts When it comes to essential fatty acids the only true essential fat (one that dogs can t manufacture in their own cells) is the Omega-6 fatty acid linoleic acid. From this one essential fatty acid your dog should be able to manufacture all the others it needs for cellular repair reproduction and hormone balance. The chart on page 14 shows the path these fats take in your dog s cells. Dogs differ from humans in this respect while both dogs and humans are unable to manufacture the Omega-6 fatty acid linoleic acid humans do not have the cellular enzymes necessary to produce the Omega-3 fatty acid alpha linolenic acid from linoleic acid whereas dogs do. In other words you and I need the Omega-6 fat linoleic acid and the Omega-3 fat alpha linolenic acid in our diet to live a healthy life. Flaxseed oils have become a popular supplement for human use. This is due to the balance of linoleic and alpha linolenic acid in flaxseed oil that offsets common dietary insufficiencies from processed foods. Essential fatty acids are one of the most commonly misunderstood nutritional components in dogs. Fish fats are not essential fats even though supplementing with them can support health. In the long run fish oils do not fulfill all the essential fatty acid needs. It takes an Omega-fat blend not just Omega-3 oils to protect health and help build long-term resistance to illness. The wrong ratio will slowly but surely contribute to illness by thwarting the body s genetically built-in health maintenance systems. Supplementing with the wrong ratio of fatty acids for short periods may provide short-term benefits but the long-term effect can be less than optimal health. ous receptor site status and good hormone balance. These fatty acids are essential for good health they are essential for life and they are often called essential because the body can be faced with a condition whereby it can t make them. Contrary to common belief these marine-derived fats are not really essential fatty acids. Essential Fats are those needed from the diet because the body is not designed to manufacture them. Dogs bodies can manufacture DHA and EPA on their own - but production can be limited at various life stages. Fish Oils Omega-3 fat supplements from cold water fish oil contain eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). These fats are the building blocks for healthy cell membrane structure vigor- Dogs Naturally Magazine January February 2012 13 Vvaccines Collagen and joint disease by Dana Scott Most people have heard of collagen as an anti-aging cosmetic product. Collagen is the elastic protein that holds skin together. As we age the amount and quality of collagen in our bodies starts to diminish and we can see this in our skin as it begins to wrinkle and sag. Collagen is also found in abundance in the joints and connective tissue of the body. In fact collagen makes up 70 to 90% of our muscles tendons ligaments and other joint supporting tissues. As happens in the skin when collagen breaks down in the body the joints become less stable the muscles and connective tissue loosen and become more brittle and disorders such as arthritis degenerative disc disease tendonitis and overuse injuries begin to occur. The same thing happens in our dogs. They might not get the crow s feet and turkey necks that we older humans sport but they do suffer from age-related joint and soft tissue pain due to collagen loss and degradation. Sadly many dogs suffer from these diseases at a very young age. Breeders and lovers of large breed dogs know all too well the heartache of canine hip and elbow dysplasia. Dog owners see patellar subluxations cruciate tears and osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) in young dogs at an alarming rate and they pay the price with expensive surgery therapy and supplements. Why are dogs suffering from these diseases at such a young age Many breeders and vets are quick to say that it is due to bad genetics - so good breeders screen their dogs for these diseases before breeding to make sure the problems are not passed down to the offspring. The problem is this screening hasn t really changed the incidence of most of these diseases. Hip dysplasia was first diagnosed in dogs in 1935 although nobody seemed terribly interested at the time. Over twenty years later the number of dogs presenting with this disease prompted the Swedish Kennel Club to become one of the first to develop a program to reduce the incidence of hip dysplasia. They believed that if German Shepherd breeders took radiographs of their dogs and only bred the dogs that did not show evidence of hip dysplasia they could eliminate hip dysplasia. After ten years of selective breeding however the incidence of moderate and severe cases of hip dysplasia didn t change. Dogs that did not show radiographic evidence of hip dysplasia were still producing puppies with the disease. In one study over two thirds of dysplastic puppies were from normal parents. This led researchers to conclude that hip dysplasia was a polygenic disease (residing in more than one gene) meaning that the severity of the disease could be influenced by environmental factors such as diet and lifestyle. However affected puppies are born with normal hips - the dysplastic changes are not there at birth. Over fifty years later despite increased testing rates the incidence of hip dysplasia is not going down in most breeds. In fact smaller breeds are now showing an increased susceptibility to this disease which historically was limited to larger breeds of dogs. Even in Germany where the kennel club has very tight breeding restrictions the incidence of hip dysplasia in German Shepherds is still 7%. 16 January February 2012 Dogs Naturally Magazine How to choose the right Refrigerator Repairman by Peter Dobias DVM (and vet too) I called the swearing repair guy and he brushed me off with Buy a new fridge this one is already five years old I called for a second opinion and it was upsetting to find out that the fan was not connected properly and had damaged the compressor which is too expensive to repair and that I did need a new fridge. As I was listening to the verdict it dawned on me. This is exactly what can happen to people and their pets when they visit the vet. So often there is a small problem that turns into a huge issue because of lack of skills poor communication invasive treatments steroids and drugs. Of course I am not trying to suggest that your beloved animal friend should be compared with a fridge. For most people animals are our family members our dearest companions. All I hope for is that after reading this article you will be able to choose the best healer for your best friend and avoid disappointment frustration or heartbreak. I trust that the following 12 steps will make the job of choosing the right vet much easier. Some time ago our fridge broke. Actually it was still working but the fan didn t work. The repair guy came and after about two hours of swearing heavy breathing and a 400 bill the fan was replaced. The next morning I found the fridge all defrosted. The fan was spinning but the fridge was somehow warm and welcoming. Step GO WITH YOUR GUT If you are wondering why I put this step as number one it is because so often our gut is right. If something feels not right it most likely isn t right. However if you ve had a less than positive experience with a vet in the past beware of painting them all with the same brush. Choosing the right vet is about the right balance of trust and caution. 1 Step CHECK YOUR POTENTIAL NEW VET S RATING Most searches for a vet start either with word of mouth or on the internet where you can check your potential vet s rating. I recommend going to www.vetratingz.com. I find the website really useful and generally 2 20 January February 2012 Dogs Naturally Magazine dog parks by Debra Ekman CPDT Dog owners envision our dogs romping gleefully with doggy friends at our local dog parks. Not every dog enjoys being at a dog park however and those that do may still not belong there. Moreover there are hazards at dog parks that we should all be aware of. to go or not to go more harm than good Canine Health Risks Dog parks where other dogs may or may not be healthy can expose your dog to contagious diseases and parasites. Even apparently healthy dogs can carry disease. The canine influenza virus sheds before a dog shows any symptoms and it can survive for up to two days on contaminated surfaces. Giardia a water illness may be lurking silently in shared water containers. And injuries and accidents are possible whenever unfamiliar dogs get together. Human Health Risks Humans are vulnerable to diseases that spread to people from dogs (or from environments where dogs gather). Tapeworms roundworms ticks fleas and mites can all be transmitted. People at dog parks have been bitten or knocked over. Children do not belong at dog parks. They are no match for strong running dogs and can entice dogs to chase them when they run or scream. Human Inattention and Lack of Understanding Different dogs have different play styles (chasing wrestling body slamming biting etc.) that may not be compatible. Some tension among dogs especially when aroused is inevitable. Most dog owners can t read the signals their dogs give each other and find distinguishing play from aggression particularly difficult. Some people bring treats toys or balls and then get upset when nearby dogs go after them. Many don t pay attention to or are defensive about their own dogs. People have kicked hit or thrown another person s dog because they thought that dog s behavior inappropriate even when it was normal dog behavior. When something like this happens you are on your own. There is no staff monitoring most dog parks. Myths and Misconceptions At dog parks you see dogs that jump on their humans hide behind them stay near the fence cower or move away when another dog comes near. They are doing everything they can to tell their people that they don t want to be there. But so many of us think it s good for them or that they are actually enjoying themselves and we ignore their pleas to leave. You cannot make your dog like other dogs by forcing him to be around them especially in a busy dog park where anything can happen. Bullying Most owners believe that all dogs should get along so why not go to a dog park But there are some dogs that bully other dogs and others that have never learned polite dog interaction. These dogs approach head-on stare or don t heed another dog s warning to back off. When your dog enters a dog park the others surround him while other dogs may form a loose pack and roam the dog park menacing others. Anyone who has a dog that intimidates other dogs for whatever reason should stop going to the dog park and find a few compatible playmates instead. If your dog is enjoying himself at the expense of others it s time to leave. Predatory Drift Some dogs are more predatory than others. They were bred to chase and kill other animals. At some point when they are chasing that furry looking dog (that may resemble a rabbit or squirrel to them) their animal instinct may kick in. The dog may pick up and shake another dog as if it were prey. Arousal Compatible playmates take turns chasing or jumping on each other. They periodically stop their play and then start again. Dogs at dog parks don t have the same opportunity to calm down as they encounter one dog after another. Heightened arousal can quickly turn into aggression. Dogs can be bitten injured or in some cases just plain terrified. Dogs that are encouraged to play without breaks ( to tire them out ) are constantly on alert even when they re away from the dog park. When on leash they tend to chafe at being restricted and may have trouble approaching dogs politely. Long-Term Consequences If your dog has a bad experience at the dog park he is scared bitten or a fight breaks out nearby your dog s behavior can be affected from then on. Some dogs become more reactive as a defense to keep other dogs away. Others become more frightened and withdrawn. Photo Vic Neumann 24 January February 2012 Dogs Naturally Magazine Prolotherapy for stifle injuries by Deva Khalsa DVM Sally was young in Rottweiler years to be diagnosed with a cranial cruciate injury in her right knee. She was only four years old. Sally was one of those outgoing exuberant and loving Rottweilers whose tail seemed to wag her whole body. She loved life but her painful knee was putting a crimp in her desire to live it to the fullest. Sally s owner opted for surgery to repair the torn ligament and this course of action was successful. But in less than a year her left knee began giving Sally problems. Her owner was very careful with her exercise and couldn t remember an incident where she could have injured her left knee. Sally was holding her left rear leg off the ground for the first few steps and then tiptoed on it while she walked. Finally after many minutes she began cautiously walking on her left hind leg. We were concerned that Sally was putting too much weight on the right leg which had already undergone surgery. This time her mom opted for Prolotherapy to treat her left knee. We ll talk more about Prolotherapy but let s first find out what s really happening in our dogs knee joints and why we re seeing so many knee problems. 26 January February 2012 Dogs Naturally Magazine CANINE by Julie Mayer DVM A dog doesn t have to be a competitive athlete to sustain a sports injury. Even a backyard dog shows his athleticism by chasing wildlife fetching toys fence fighting jumping on or off things playing etc. The causes of sports injuries are many. Reasons for injury can include genetics nutritional status body condition pre-existing metabolic diseases (diabetes Cushings) repetitive motion explosive behavior accidents etc. Here are some of the more common sports injuries that I see in my canine rehabilitation practice Sports Injuries Shoulder Instability Dogs do not have a clavicle to help anchor the front limbs to the frame like humans do. There is no bony or joint attachment of the front limbs to the torso. This means that the muscles Scapula their tendons and fascia are the only structures holding the front limbs onto the body. These tissues also help Rib cage support the shoulder. At the glenohumeral (shoulder) joint Shoulder joint there are many tendons ligaments and muscles that work together to provide smooth movement between Humerus the scapula and the humerus. If the dog is not accustomed to quick running bursts he may suffer muscle strain that results in shoulder pain. If any of these tissues are compromised the joint will become unstable and pain inflammation and lameness may ensue. The degree of lameness can range from a slight change in weight bearing to a severe head bob when the limb contacts the ground (in the case of a front end injury the head will bob up). Therapeutic exercises and low level laser can help strengthen the tissues around the joint and prevent excessive motion. Biceps Tendonitis The bicipital tendon is one of the most important structures of the shoulder. It comes off the scapula passes through the shoulder joint and then over the top of the humerus becoming part of the biceps muscle which attaches down the limb on the radius and ulna. Contraction of the biceps muscle flexes the elbow and extends the shoulder joint and helps to stabilize the shoulder joint. Overuse injuries are common in this tendon. Symptoms usually include lame- Biceps muscle 30 January February 2012 Dogs Naturally Magazine Canine Diabetes Prevention and Treatment by Stephen Blake DVM Diabetes usually occurs when a dog is seven to nine years old. I have only seen a few cases of juvenile diabetes in the past 37 years with most cases being in older dogs. Female dogs are more at risk than males because of the changes in their reproductive hormones every time they go through a season. Breeds that are prone to developing this disease include Miniature Pinschers Cairn Terriers Dachshunds Poodles Beagles Miniature Schnauzers and Keeshonds. The genetic makeup of these dogs makes them more prone to developing diabetes than other breeds. The incidence of canine diabetes is one out of every ten dogs worldwide. The sad story is that it is slowly increasing over time just as it is in the human population. It is interesting to note that over the past 37 years of practice I ve also seen the rate of cancer increase from 5% to 55% in both dogs and cats - as well as an exponential increase in autoimmune disease in general. Throughout the years I ve noted an increase in better diets on the market. I also notice that people are being more careful with chemicals for themselves and their pets. In spite of their efforts their pets are still suffering this increase in chronic and autoimmune disease. I believe the common denominator in all of these chronic diseases is vaccines as we know them today. Vaccines have been medically proven to have the potential to trigger autoimmune disease in all animals. I advise all of my clients not to vaccinate their animals especially if they have any chronic issues including but not limited to dermatitis ear infections urinary tract infections irritable bowel disease arthritis of any kind liver pancreas or kidney disease of any kind allergies food allergies eye or ear discharge of any kind behavior issues breeding issues cystitis nail issues coat issues digestive issues of any kind seizure issues neurological issues of any kind or musculoskeletal issues. That s a pretty lengthy list but it s important to note that it states right on the vaccine handout only give to healthy animals. All of the symptoms I listed are seen in an unhealthy animal ergo do not vaccinate Some of the common symptoms of diabetes are lethargy unexplained weight gain or loss increased water consumption and excessive urination. If you see any of these symptoms you can have the urine checked by your local veterinarian or get some glucose test strips to test your dog s urine at home. I recommend doing multiple samples over a period of a few days before and after eating to make sure you do not miss a spike in the blood sugar. Most diabetic cases require the use of injectable insulin to help control the dog s glucose levels. You will need to be under the care of a veterinarian to establish the correct amount of insulin for your pet. Every case of diabetes that has come to me has been on insulin. The most important part of any treatment protocol is to stop labelling the dog as diabetic. Where your intentions go energy flows Make sure your energy flows from your heart with the vision of your dog being healthy not diseased. Dogs pick up on your thoughts and actions so make them always positive 34 January February 2012 Dogs Naturally Magazine CRUCIATE TEARS The Non-Surgical Approach by Debbie Gross Saunders DPT MSPT OCS CCRP Any active dog owner has heard the news of either their dog or a friend s dog suffering a cruciate tear or a knee injury. If you are involved with dogs it is inevitable that you have heard about the cruciate CCL or cranial cruciate ligament of the knee or stifle. The CCL the cranial cruciate ligament is a primary stabilizer of the dog s knee. There are two ligaments that cross in the dog s knee (cruciate means cross in Latin) and help stabilize the knee and prevent osteoarthritis or arthritis from occurring. The cranial cruciate ligament which is equivalent to the ACL or anterior cruciate ligament in humans is the one of the two cruciate ligaments often injured. Unlike humans the CCL is often injured atraumatically in dogs meaning not associated with trauma. Most people tear their ACL as an acute injury such as skiing or playing soccer. Cruciate tears in dogs do not tend to be traumatic and are often the culmination of events. Factors contributing to CCL tears in dogs include obesity hormones structure breed age activity and strength level. Any dog can suffer a CCL tear but some breeds are more prone to tears than others. Overweight dogs who are not in optimal strength are also more prone to CCL injury. The cruciate ligament consists of fibrous bands or strands that run from the upper leg to the lower leg. What commonly occurs with a CCL injury is that one of the strands tears and creates increased movement in the knee. The increased movement places stress on the knee and this in turn creates pain and inflammation. The pain and inflammation send a signal to the muscles to stop working so weakness or atrophy begins to settle in. This further weakens the knee and begins to lead to more inflammation and pain and potentially more damage to the fibrous bands in the ligament. The cycle can keep going until a complete tear occurs. As more strands go the knee becomes more unstable and osteoarthritic changes occur. The cycle needs to be broken through the reduction of pain and inflammation and encouragement of strength. Ligaments do more than hold joints together they assist with balance and proprioception. Proprioception is the process by which our brain determines where a body part is in space. For example proprioception helps us place our foot down as we step off a curb on a street. Many of us have sprained an ankle at some point in our life and are reminded of that sprained ankle with poor balance and difficulty negotiating turns after the sprain. Once a ligament is damaged the ligament only comes back to sixty percent of its normal strength. This may be assisted with balance and proprioceptive exercises. Proprioception is an unconscious action that gives us the sense of position of the joints in our body and is therefore very important to aid in the rehabilitation of a CCL tear. When a dog tears his cruciate ligament especially a partial tear surgery may not be the only option. Conservative physical rehabilitation may be of benefit as long as continuous progress is being made and no damage is occurring. The treatment is aimed at reducing pain inflammation and improving strength. The improvement of balance and proprioception is also a key component of the rehabilitation process for as previously mentioned ligaments assist with balance and proprioception. The first step is to treat the pain and inflammation. This is typically approached with anti-inflammatories and pain medication but homeopathic and natural solutions can work well without the harmful side effects of drugs. Topical agents such as Speed Gel Zeel and Traumeel can be applied. Zeel and Traumeel may also be taken orally. Physical therapy and acupuncture are also options and modalities including laser ice and heat may be applied to control pain and inflammation. Once the pain is under control it will be noticeable as the dog will place more weight on his rear limb and walk more functionally. There are two types of muscle fibers in everyone s body including dogs. The fast twitch fibers are used for running and movement. 36 January February 2012 Dogs Naturally Magazine closed for one vet s fight for holistic health care by Andrew Jones DVM BUSINESS Let me introduce myself - at least to those of you who don t know me. My name is Dr Andrew Jones and I was a practicing veterinarian for over 17 years. I m a pretty regular kind of family guy. A lovely wife (Catherine) two wonderful children (Liam and Aliza) two dogs two cats some neighboring chickens a big mortgage some close friends nearby family and dishes laundry and smelly litter boxes waiting to be cleaned. I had a job as a veterinarian in a small mountain community in British Columbia called Nelson. My work as a veterinarian comprised much of what you probably have experienced with your veterinarian the regular dog and cat visits vaccines spays neuters emergency toxins and surgeries to mend broken legs. I spent many a night on emergency calls at times being on the phone offering advice to worried pet owners or suturing up a large wound on a Labrador injured in a cougar attack. There were the visits to clients homes including house call euthanasias. It wasn t much unlike the many thousands of veterinarians in North America. But then of course some of what I have done is different - because those veterinarians are still practicing whereas I no longer am. This is my story how I came to question conventional veterinary medicine how I began to educate pet owners who were open to the benefits of holistic veterinary care and how my public writings resulted in no longer being able to practice veterinary medicine. This serves as a tale of what is currently wrong with health care for our dogs and cats. It s a warning that should draw attention to how large drug companies food companies and corporate veterinary medicine are harming your pet. It s a wake up call to pet owners who don t know how veterinary associations are persecuting holistic practices and practitioners. Hoochie received annual vaccinations - just like those I recommended for my patients - which I now know contribute to many serious health issues including cancer. I fed him a complete veterinary food - full of chemical preservatives which undoubtedly contributed to his ill health. And when he started showing signs of arthritis I put him on NSAIDS which can cause very serious damage to internal organs. Researching the probable causes of Hoochie s death set me on a path toward more natural holistic treatments which I then began writing about on my website and in a reference guide I published for pet owners. Veterinary association challenges So what really happened to me I resigned from the College of Veterinarians of British Columbia on November 30 2010. Even though I owned a veterinary clinic The Nelson Animal Hospital I couldn t work in it. No surgery. No more examinations of sick dogs and cats. No more diagnosing unusual health conditions and no more specific treatment of any kind. The British Columbia Veterinary Medical Association first began investigating me on December 1 2005. An inquiry committee was struck and on April 20 2010 this committee found that I had committed various offenses under the College Bylaws and Code of Ethics. I was found guilty of professional misconduct. I was fined 30 000 and required to pay 9 500 for the inquiry committee costs. I was also told that if I did not take remedial actions within the allowed time I would be suspended from membership. In order to keep practicing I would have had to pay the large fines thus admitting that I agreed with their decision. More importantly it would also have meant effectively muzzling myself no longer saying anything self laudatory or unverifiable or using words such as safe when writing about natural health care treatments because this would contravene the Code of Ethics and Bylaws. So option A was to suck it up pay the fines and no longer say anything to upset my veterinary college. More than a few of my colleagues suggested this. Making a change I began to question conventional veterinary medicine in 2003 after my dog Hoochie died from a spleen tumor bleed at the age of eight. Hoochie s illness was a catalyst in helping me understand the major mistakes I had made with his care. 42 January February 2012 Dogs Naturally Magazine across the pond with Catherine O Driscoll when there s nothing else you can do Many years ago my young nephew Robert let his budgie out of the cage in his bedroom and went to the bathroom for a shower. He didn t realize that he d left the bedroom window open and so the budgie flew out of the window. He and his sister Rebecca were distraught as they knew that the bird would die outside. They were both in tears. I didn t know what I could do to help them so I suggested that they pray for the bird to come back. I was young myself and didn t have much experience of successful prayer so part of me feared that I was offering them false hope and setting them up for disappointment but the suggestion just popped out of my mouth and what else could anyone do They stayed together that night and prayed that Chips would come home. Rebecca awoke the next morning with the bird sitting on her nose. What are the odds that a budgie would fly back home through a small window around 12 hours after he had left Would you consider that to be a miracle Suzannah telephoned me last week because she could think of no one else to turn to. She had attended one of my workshops a couple of years earlier and I had touched on Emotional Freedom Technique and Reiki as energy healing modalities. She asked if I could do some Reiki for her Shi-Tzu Barnie. Barnie was in the veterinary hospital with perforated and inflamed intestines. The vet thought he must have eaten something corrosive. She had opened him up and found the damage too extensive for successful surgery. He was on a drip but the vet was reluctant to put him to sleep as he still had some life in him. She felt he should be given a chance to fight for life although the odds were very slim. Suzannah was naturally in a terrible state. Barnie was only three years old and she was very distressed and tearful. Most of all she found it very difficult to sit and do nothing. So I suggested she pray for her friend. I also suggested she contact her friends and relatives and ask them to pray for him too as my experience tells me that the more energy we put into healing the more healing takes place. But there is a way to pray I advised her. When you pray you need to visualize a positive outcome. The world according to the ancient Vasishthas is an illusion created by the mind. New healing techniques such as The One Command and Theta Healing use the power of the mind in its theta brainwave state to change the illusion the world we generate with our creative minds. When we pray we can also go into theta. Meditation has also demonstrated measurably positive effects on the wider society. However it seems to me that if we pray as an act of desperation tearfully and desperately fearing the worst then the prayer has little chance of success. If we pray with faith that the outcome will be good then who knows Suzannah was true to her word. She and her husband sat together and prayed for Barnie and I prayed too. When I tuned into Barnie I received very favorable impressions. I didn t feel he was ready to die and I could see his intestines surrounded in golden light. A few days later Suzannah telephoned with great joy in her voice. The vet said Barnie was a miracle dog. He was perky and sitting up interested in the world and he was eating again. He wasn t out of the woods yet but he had made what seemed to be a miraculous recovery. Suzannah was told that if he continued like this Barnie would be able to come home. Of course time will reveal the ultimate outcome for this little dog. I have prayed for my friends and loved ones many times but I haven t always been able to report miracles like this. 46 January February 2012 Dogs Naturally Magazine Dog People Bette Schubert of Bravo We recently talked with Bette Schubert who is the Co-Found- er of Bravo Raw Diet. Bravo was one of the first frozen premade raw dog foods and continues to be one of the fastestgrowing raw diet companies in the US. How did you get into the raw pet food business I was in a completely different industry at the time - I worked at the Post Office. I was feeding my dogs a commercial dry dog food which had a product recall. When I fed the replacement bag of food to Babe my six year old Golden Labrador Retriever she became extremely ill with aflatoxin poisoning. Within days she suffered liver failure and had to be euthanized. The food manufacturer paid me compensation of 69.83 which was the cost of the euthanasia they also offered me another bag of food for my other dog That was in 1995. Naturally I started researching other food options since I no longer trusted commercial foods. Did you start feeding raw immediately Initially I prepared home cooked meals - at least I knew what was in them. But within three weeks after I read Juliette de Bairacli Levy s book I started raw feeding following her recipes. In 1997 I read Ian Billinghurst s book and when he came to the US the following year I attended one of his talks. During his lecture he explained exactly how to make the B.A.R.F. diet in case anyone was interested in producing it on a large scale. Raven at 17 By that time I had six dogs and had developed a network of raw meat wholesalers and slaughterhouses where I could buy food economically I traded bones with friends and acquaintances who would pay my gas expenses in exchange for meat. One day my meat grinder broke and I had a litter of Golden Retriever puppies to feed. I went to a local butcher and asked him to grind chicken necks for me. He looked at me as if I had three heads and asked what I was going to do with it. I replied If you can produce 15 000 lbs of this I can sell it . I have no idea where that number came from - it just popped into my head. But we sold 17 500 lbs of it in the first month. How did you market that first batch Oh we didn t have any packaging - or even a name. We just sold it to friends and others in my network of dog owners in a clear bag with a white label and a rubber band. Gradually we started developing the business and I paid everyone in dog food. One friend came up with the Bravo name - it stands for Bones Raw Meat All Natural Vegetables and Organ Meat . She was paid in dog food too. Please tell us a little about your various formulas We started out selling just a mixture of ground bones raw meat vegetables and organ meats (as the name indicates) and that s what we still produce as Bravo Blends. The Blends formula is designed to be used with the addition of recommended supplements (for dogs we advise fish body oil or other Omega-3 fats digestive enzymes probiotics and Vitamin E). Over time we ve found that dog owners have varying preferences and we try to meet their needs through the addition of three other products. For people who prefer the convenience of an all-in-one solution we offer Bravo Balanced formula which has vitamin and mineral supplements already added. Our Bravo Boneless foods can be used to supplement kibble or as part of a rotational feeding program and Bravo Basics containing meat and bone or meat bone and organ meat can be used as the foundation of a home prepared raw diet. We use a total of 12 protein sources - chicken turkey beef lamb pork ostrich duck rabbit elk salmon buffalo and venison but our formulas are all single protein. If it says ostrich it s all ostrich Unlike some other brands which may contain 30 or more ingredients our recipes are all very simple and our core products contain no more than five ingredients. 48 January February 2012 Dogs Naturally Magazine Supplement the Love o New Lallok atur y N better taste BioVITES Proactive Anti-aging Multi BioFATS plus Vitamins minerals digestive enzymes natural fibres antioxidants and toxin blockers to improve immune system energy digestion and protect tissues and health Pet-complete Omegas Essential Omega-6 plus Omega-3 improves overall health Healthy skin & lustrous coat Mobility & joint health Heart & aging NASC certified quality assurance Research supported and guaranteed effective - See the difference Scan me to receive a FREE copy of Your Dog s Health 1.888.379.3135 www.biologicVET.net Find the complete line at select Veterinarians pet supply and health food stores.