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Description: Speaker of the House | The House Freedom Caucus | News to Note
Public Policy Notes S outhe r n E a r ly C hild hood As s o ci a tio n Leadership in the US House in Turmoil former candidate for Vice-President and currently chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee is being urged to seek the seat by many mainline Republicans but at this point has not confirmed that With the surprise announce- he would consider the job. ment in September of the resignation of long-time Representative and House Speak- The Freedom Caucus er John Boehner a new race the conservative group has begun to select a replace- that essentially forced Boehner out of office in ment. Representative Boehner had been increasing- the House is touting ly under pressure from very Representative Daniel Webster of Florida as conservative factions in the their choice. According Republican party and will to Politico Webster is leave Congress on October facing the possible loss of 30 2015. his seat in Florida through re-districting With the announcement calling into question his candidates for the position long term viability. Rep. began to line-up and by all accounts the person favored Justin Amash of Michigan a leader of the Freeto win the seat was Repredom Caucus has stated sentative Kevin McCarthy that Webster is a (R-CA). In an unexpected twist Representative McCar- principled representative and he cares most thy withdrew from the race and new names have begun about process. to appear. The Freedom Caucus has Representative Paul Ryan a taken the position that Kevin McCarthy Paul Ryan October 2015 Public Policy Notes Inside this issue Speaker of the House The House Freedom Caucus News to Note 2 3 4 real reform is needed in how the US House of Representatives operates. Rep. Amash stated that The prob- lem (with Boehner) is not that he isn t conservative enough .... The problem is that he doesn t follow the process. Source The Obsession of the House Freedom Caucus www.politico.com 10 15 2015 Daniel Webster Southern Leadership in the Speaker s Role Throughout the history of the institution Southern leaders have served in that leadership capacity. We ve had 4 Speakers from the states of Kentucky & Virginia 3 Speakers from Georgia Tennessee and Texas 2 Speakers from South Carolina 1 Speaker from Alabama North Carolina & Oklahoma The Speaker of the House Do You Know the History The Speaker of the House is presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The office was established in 1789 by Article I Section 2 of the United States Constitution which states in part The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker... The Constitution does not require that the Speaker be an elected House Representative though every Speaker so far has been an elected Member of Congress. The Speaker is second in the United States presidential line of succession after the Vice President and ahead of the President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate. In the United States the Speaker of the House is a leadership position and the office-holder actively works to set the majority party s legislative agenda. The Speaker usually does not personally preside over debates instead delegating the duty to members of the House from the majority party. The Speaker usually does not participate in debate and rarely votes. Aside from duties relating to heading the House and the majority political party the Speaker also performs administrative and procedural functions and represents his or her Congressional district. Public Policy Notes The House of Representatives elects the Speaker of the House on the first day of every new Congress and in the event of the death or resignation of an incumbent Speaker. Departing Speaker Boehner has scheduled the election for October 29 2015. There are usually two candidates put forth for election one from each party. The speaker is elected by majority vote and the political party that holds a majority in the chamber usually elects the candidate of their choice. When the House was controlled by the Democratic party Representative Nancy Pelosi served as Speaker. When the election brought a Republican majority to the House Representative Boehner assumed the position. The first Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives was Frederick Muhlenberg who was elected as a Federalist for the first four Congresses. The position of Speaker started to gain its partisan role and its power in legislative development under Henry Clay who served as speaker in 1811-1814 again in 1815-1820 and for a third time in 1823-1825. Southerners have played notable roles as Speaker of the House throughout the history of the institution. Representative Sam Rayburn of Texas is recognized as being the longest serving Speaker of the House serving for a total of 17 years 53 days. Rep. Rayburn worked with President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to pass the New Deal Legislation. Henry Clay of Kentucky was one of the persons instrumental in developing the office and its role and elevated the power of the office. Newt Gingrich of Georgia led a partisan battle with President Bill Clinton based on his Contract for America...a fight that led to two shutdowns of the federal government as conservative and liberal factions battled for control of domestic policy. Source Wikipedia https en.wikipedia.org wiki Speaker_o f_the_United_States_House_of_Represe ntatives Retrieved 10 15 2015 The House Freedom Caucus Throughout the history of the United States Congress interest or philosophically aligned groups have formed to wield power and clout in the work of the House and Senate. Not too long ago the Blue Dog Democrats formed to provide a conservative counterbalance to a liberal progressive house. The group was comprised almost completely of Southerners who represented moderate conservative districts throughout the region. Now in 2015 a new group has emerged The House Freedom Caucus. Formed in January of 2015 this group was in large part responsible for the resignation and departure of House Speaker John Boehner and they are working hard to elect a new Speaker that will represent their views and positions. As stated in a press release from the office of Representative Mark Meadows of North Carolina the mission of The Freedom Caucus is to give a House Freedom Caucus are Rep. Scott Garrett (R-NJ) Rep. Jim Jordan (R-OH) Rep. John Fleming (R-LA) Rep. Matt Salmon (R-AZ) Rep. Justin Amash (R-MI) Rep. Ra l Labrador (R-ID) Rep. Mick Mulvaney (R-SC) Rep. Ron DeSantis (R-FL) and Rep. What the House Freedom Caucus Wants Mick Mulvaney--SC Mark Meadows (R-NC). The group is chaired by Representative Jim Jordan of Ohio and includes 40 members of the U.S. House of Representatives. Other Southerners who have signed on to the Caucus include Brian Babin Texas Dave Brat Virginia Jim Bridenstine Oklahoma Mo Brooks Alabama Curt Clawson Florida Scott Desjarlais Tennessee Jeff Duncan South Carolina John Fleming Louisiana Morgan Griffith Virginia Jody Hice Georgia Barry Loudermilk Georgia Mark Meadows North Carolina Alex Mooney West Virginia Mick Mulvaney South Carolina Gary Palmer Alabama Ted Poe Texas Bill Posey Florida Mark Sanford South Carolina Two members have recently resigned from the Caucus Tom McClintock of California and Reid Ribble of Wisconsin. According to an article published on the NPR website in which Representative Mick Mulvaney (R-SC) was interviewed the Caucus wants a speaker who isn t going to tell them what to do-- someone who will give the members more control over what bills get a vote what amendments get added and who gets assigned to run committees which have a key role in advancing legislation. Mulvaney said the Freedom Caucus wants more of a say over strategy when it comes to fiscal battles with the White House and Senate. In such a fight under voice to countless Americans who feel that Washington does not represent them. We support open accountable and limited government the Constitution and the rule of law and policies that promote the liberty safety and prosperity of all Americans. The founding members of The Volume 8 Issue 10 Boehner we d do nothing and three days before the debt ceiling limit was reached Mr. Boehner would walk into a room and say Ok here s what we re doing. If you d like to know more about the Caucus and the potential impact of their participation in the election of a new Speaker of the House read the NPR article What Kind of Speaker Does the House Freedom Caucus Want October 10 2015. Page 3 Southern Early Childhood Association 1123 S. University Ste 255 Little Rock AR 72204 Phone 800-305-SECA Fax 501-227-5297 E-mail info southernearlychildhood.org www.southernearlychildhood.org How to Use Public Policy Notes If you re interested in advocacy one of the most effective tools that you can have is access to information. This newsletter is provided as a service to locate and share information that we think will be helpful to you in your work at the state level and to keep you updated on what s happening in public policy. You ll find information that Compares your state to other SECA states--how you re doing what issues you have in common what the hot topics are in your states. Brings the national scene to your fingertips and gives you a perspective on how national events might impact you...You ll also receive information about where to find additional information. We hope you ll find it helpful. Children need you to be their voice in your community and state. This monthly newsletter is produced by Glenda Bean SECA Executive Director. SECA strives to provide non-partisan and non-biased information A Voice for Southern Children that is of interest to early childhood educators. Sign up at http www.southernearlychildhood.org policy_newsletter_sign.php to receive notice of its availability each month. News to Note The study found that the industry generated 4.7 billion dollars of economic activity in the state for 2013 and provided 67 507 jobs in the industry itself and an additional 17 454 jobs in other market segments. The Georgia Department of Early Care and Learning recently released a report The Safe Rooms in Schools The residents of Moore Oklahoma approved a five-year bond issue to add storm shelters and other improvements to schools. The proposal was an outcome of the deadly tornado that struck Moore in 2013 and killed 24 people including seven children at Plaza Towers Elementary schools. This funding will allow school administrators to place safe rooms in all Moore schools. Economic Impact of the Early Care and Education Industry in Georgia. This study was a collaborative effort between researchers at the University of Georgia s Carl Vinson Institute of Government and Georgia State University s Andrew Young School of Policy Studies. The American Academy of Pediatrics is taking a new look at their 15 year old recommendations concerning screen time and children in light of the changing nature of technology. In an article published in the October issue of AAP News Beyond turn it off How to Advise Families on Media Use preliminary results from the Growing Up Digital Media Research Symposium held in May were presented.