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Description: Immigration: A Hot Topic | AAP Policy Statement | New Secretary of Education? | The Candidates and Education

Public Policy Notes S o u th e r n E a r ly C h ild h o o d As s o ci a tio n Immigration It s a Hot Topic in 2016 As the election cycle unfolds we re now facing a much more limited field of candidates. Donald Trump continues his march toward the Republican nomination with a previously crowded candidate field now whittled down to three Trump Senator Ted Cruz (TX) and Governor John Kasich (OH). The Democratic field is at two Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Senator Bernie Sanders (VT). Each candidate has taken a position on immigration and we ll provide you with the principles that are published on their election websites or websites of other organizations (in the case of Kasich) as well as links into those websites for more information. create a pathway to citizenship keep families together and enable millions of workers to come out of the shadows. 2) End family detention and close private immigrant detention centers. 3) Defend President Obama s executive Cruz---1) Secure the border once and for all. 2) Strength- actions to provide deportation relief for DREAMers en and enforce our existing immigration laws. 3) Pursue and parents of Americans reforms to the legal immigra- and lawful residents and tion system that will prioritize extend those actions to addithe interests and well-being of tional persons with sympaAmericans. Click here for thetic cases if Congress refuses to act. Click here for his immigration plan. her immigration plan. Kasich---In his first 100 days as President John Kasich will Sanders--A Fair and Husend Congress a comprehensive mane Immigration Policy plan that creates the climate We are a nation of immigrants. I am the son of an for job creation by balancing the budget in eight years cut- immigrant myself. Their story my story our story is a ting taxes for families and story of America hardbusinesses reining in federal regulations tearing down bar- working families coming to the United States to create a riers to increased energy production and returning major brighter future for their chilfederal responsibilities back to dren. The story of immigrants is the story of Ameriour states and communities ca a story rooted in family where they can be performed more efficiently and responsive- and fueled by hope. It continly to serve Americans. Click ues today in families all across the United States. here for a summary of Kasich s comments on im- Click here for his immigration plan. Trump---1) There must be a wall migration. across the southern border. 2) Be informed Laws passed in accordance with our Clinton---1) Enact compreConstitutional system of governhensive immigration reform to ment must be enforced. 3) Any immigration plan must improve jobs wages and security for all Americans. Click here for his immigration plan. March 2016 Public Policy Notes Inside this issue AAP Policy Statement New Secretary of Education News From the States The Candidates & Education 2 2 3 4 The Southern Border More Mexicans are Leaving the U.S. than Moving Here According to The Pew Research Center slightly more than 1 million Mexicans and their families including their U.S. born children left the U.S. for Mexico from 2009 to 2014. During the same five years 870 000 Mexicans arrived in the U.S. The main reason the desire to reunite families. To read the Fact Sheet and find out more about immigration through the Southern borders click here. Screen Children and Families for Signs of Poverty and Child Health Workgroup that included a series of recommendations for pediatricians and a technical report that describes current knowledge on child poverty and the mechanisms by which poverty influences the health and well-being of children. This statement was based on a determination that Almost half of young children in the United States live in poverty or near poverty. The American Academy of Pediatrics is committed to reducing and ultimately eliminating child poverty in the United States. Poverty and related social determinants of health can lead to adverse health outcomes in childhood and across the life course negatively affecting physical health socioemotional development and educational achievement. The American Academy of Pediatrics advocates for programs and policies that have been shown to improve the quality of life and health outcomes for children and families living in poverty. With an awareness and understanding of the effects of poverty on children pediatricians and other pediatric health practitioners in a family-centered medical home can assess the financial stability of families link families to resources and coordinate care with community partners. Further research advocacy and continuing education will improve the ability of pediatricians to address the social determinants of health when caring for children who live in poverty . Click here for more information about the AAP Agenda for Children. In 2013 the American Academy of Pediatrics added Poverty and Child Health to the Agenda for Children. This was in recognition of the growing number of children living in poor and lowincome households in the United States and the role that pediatricians could play in connecting these children and families with community resources. This month the Academy released a policy statement Poverty and Child Health in the United States developed by the Poverty A New Director for the U.S. Department of Education Pensions Committee approved his nomination by a 16-6 vote on March 9th. A formal nomination hearing was held for Dr. King on February 25th. Click here to watch the video of the nomination hearing by the Committee and to download a copy of Dr. King s testimony. From Dr. King ...One of my highest priorities as education secretary would be to lift up the teaching profession and find more ways to celebrate support and sustain our nation s educators....In so many ways this is a unique moment in our nation s educational journey...Let s harness the bipartisan momentum of last year to make this year one of continued progress...Let s make 2016 the year we transform career and technical education for the 21st century by driving innovation and quality. SECA Senators voting against confirmation were Burr (R-NC) Isakson (R-GA) Paul (R-KY) and Scott (R-SC). Chairman Lamar Alexander (R-TN) voted in favor. The full Senate will now consider the nomination. Dr. John G. King Jr. who currently serves as Acting Secretary of Education for the U.S. Department of Education moved one step closer to becoming a cabinet member as the Senate Health Education Labor and Public Policy Notes News from the States West Virginia As in many of our Southern states school infrastructure has aged and states are scrambling to repair and replace dilapidated school buildings. Some schools in West Virginia have been particularly hard hit with the shutdown of the coal industry and one case in point is the schools in rural Fayette County West Virginia. These schools have been under state administration for the past five years and patrons of the district have been unable to agree on a consolidation plan as their student population has declined dramatically. The State Superintendent of Education recently proposed closing several schools and building a new high school a proposal that was met with little support by school patrons and the School Building Authority (a government agency that assists in funding these projects.) Source Education Week 1 6 2016. The School Building Authority and the Fayette County Schools have developed an action plan to address these issues and proposals will be developed with community input. Volume 9 Issue 3 Texas In 2015 the Texas Legislature passed H.B. 4 a signature measure of Governor Greg Abbott that requires school districts to hire pre-K teachers with multiple credentials and to improve family engagement in order to receive one of the new grants that were created under this bill. The new grant program is funded at 130 million for the fiscal biennium that will end on August 31 2017. The approach taken to teacher credentialing is unique in that it requires certification as the baseline but also requires an additional qualification including (Sec.29.168) establishes criteria for the establishment of the plan within the prekindergarten program and includes significant community involvement criteria. What the bill did not do was establish a staff child ratio requirement for Texas pre-K programs. For a brief summary of the legislation and current implementation status go to Texas ties pre-k grants to more teacher training or experience on the MyStatesman.com website. Florida The Best and the Brightest Florida s controversial teacher bonus-pay program has been reauthorized for another year as a budget line-item. Established last July as part of a budget compromise the program was allotted 44 million and is funded this year at 49 million. The original intent of the program was to attract strong teachers to Title I schools. The program pays teacher bonuses based upon two criteria A ranking of a minimum of effective on the state teacherevaluation system and the teacher s own SAT or ACT scores. For more information see the article Despite objections lawmakers look to expand Best and Brightest teacher bonus program. Page 3 A CDA credential or another early childhood credential approved by the agency Certification offered through a training center accredited by Association Montessori Internationale or through the Montessori Accreditation Council for Teacher Education At least 8 years teaching in a nationally accredited child care program Current employment in an approved prekindergarten program or an equivalent qualification The Family Engagement Plan Southern Early Childhood Association 1123 S. University Ste 255 Little Rock AR 72204 Phone 800-305-SECA Fax 501-227-5297 E-mail info southernearlychildhood.org www.southernearlychildhood.org How to Use Public Policy Notes If you re interested in advocacy one of the most effective tools that you can have is access to information. This newsletter is provided as a service to locate and share information that we think will be helpful to you in your work at the state level and to keep you updated on what s happening in public policy. You ll find information that Compares your state to other SECA states--how you re doing what issues you have in common what the hot topics are in your states. Brings the national scene to your fingertips and gives you a perspective on how national events might impact you...You ll also receive information about where to find additional information. We hope you ll find it helpful. Children need you to be their voice in your community and state. This monthly newsletter is produced by Glenda Bean SECA Executive Director. SECA strives to provide non-partisan and non-biased information A Voice for Southern Children that is of interest to early childhood educators. Sign up at http www.southernearlychildhood.org public-policy public-policy-notes to receive notice of its availability each month. What the Candidates Have to Say About Education Education Week published an article entitled 5 Key Takea- ways on Education from White House Candidates in the February 24 2016 edition. Since that time the field has narrowed but it s worth looking at the key points that were outlined for the current candidate field. Clinton Early childhood education a long time priority--Supported NCLB and now supports ESSA--Received the endorsement of the NEA and AFT--Supports the Common Core Standards Sanders Voted against NCLB but supports ESSA--College free for everyone---Skeptical of alternative routes to teaching credential-- Did not like Race to the Top--Educational equity in K-12 Cruz Cut or abolish the U.S. Department of Education-- Doesn t support Common Core-- Supports state accountability not federal--Does not support ESSA-- School choice Kasich Reduce the size of the U.S. Department of Education-- Supports the Common Core Standards--Supports eliminating bargaining rights for teachers and public employees--Mixed record on charter schools Trump Current educational system is doing a shoddy job-- Opposes the Common Core Standards--Wants to eliminate gun-free school zones--Reduce the U.S. Department of Education-- Beliefs beyond K-12 --look at Trump University This candidate field provides some very clear cut choices both philosophically and pragmatically. If you d like more detailed information about their education platforms (or lack thereof) go to page 1 of this newsletter and click on the links that will lead you to the candidates websites.