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Description: The Supreme Court Rules | News to Note | Wikipedia: Contributing to the Discussion
Public Policy Notes S outhe r n E a r ly C hild hood As s o ci a tio n A Better Way The Republican Agenda June 2016 Protect the homeland A stronger Medicare Take the fight to terrorTax Reform ism Simplicity and Tackle new threats fairness Defend freedom Jobs & growth The Economy A service-first IRS This month Speaker Paul Ryan Regulate smarter introduced A Better Way a seAlthough Speaker Ryan ries of policy agendas that pro- Deliver affordable and has received the majority reliable energy vide a possible perspective of the of press regarding the Republican party as it develops End bailouts and proRepublican agenda mote financial a party platform that will be there is a Congressman independence utilized in the months leading from Texas who is carry Put students and up to the general election in ing much of the weight. workers first November. This platform has Representative Kevin historically been designed to Preserve Internet Brady of Texas serves as provide a roadmap on which innovation the chairman of the the party nominee campaigns Crack down on lawsuit House Ways and Means however this isn t a usual year abuse Committee and has asfor the Republicans. At this sisted with developtime there is no information The Constitution ing the positions concerning whether the pre Less government on poverty health sumptive Republican nominee overreach care and taxes. It Donald Trump will adopt these isn t a 50-point plan for Fewer needless policy positions. solving global issues regulations Brady said in an interview. A Better Way includes positions More limits on It is key priorities for House runaway spending on the following topics. Republicans to turn this coun More openness and try around. We re going to lay transparency these ideas out run on them Poverty As we move toward the party nominating conventions of the respective political parties information about possible party platforms and agendas are beginning to surface. Public Policy Notes Inside this Issue The Supreme Court Rules News to Note Wikipedia Contributing to the Discussion 2 3 4 What s Missing from A Better Way Two of the most contentious issues in the presidential primaries--immigration and trade--are noticeably absent from the new Republican proposals. Republican positions on both issues are mixed and Donald Trump has taken policy positions on both that provide a challenge to the traditional Republican positions. The positions of Trump and Clinton on these two issues are located on their campaign websites. Reward work Tailor benefits to people s needs Improve skills and schools Plan and save for the future Demand results Fix Health Care More choices and National Security lower costs Real protections and peace of mind For a complete look at the Cutting-edge cures and agenda and specifics on plans treatments within that agenda click here. this election and if we return as a majority we re going to act on them. Source www.houstonchronicle.com6 27 16 The U.S. Supreme Court Issues Opinions In June This month the U.S. Supreme Court issued several decisions that will have far reaching implications for many Southern states. 2012 and provides two years (four if renewed) of deportation relief and work visas to qualified immigrants brought to the United States illegally before their sixteenth birthday. Under the proposed Obama expansion DACA would be granted for three years instead of two and more immigrants would be eligible. The second known as Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA) was unveiled in late 2014 to provide similar benefits to undocumented parents of U.S. citizens and permanent residents. The judgement issued by the court did not set a legal precedent but effectively kept millions of undocumented immigrants in the United States under the threat of deportation. Source Council on Foreign Relations The SECA states of Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Louisiana Oklahoma South Carolina and West Virginia were listed as plaintiffs in addition to Texas and other states throughout the U.S. The Governors of North Carolina and Mississippi also signed on as plaintiffs. This suit was brought in response to questions concerning the constitutional authority of the President to create special immigration programs based upon the First Amendment to the Constitution. On June 26 the Court issued an opinion that an abortion law passed in the state of Texas unconstitutionally prohibited a woman s right to abortion. The Texas law required abortion clinics to meet standards set for ambulatory surgery clinics and to require hospital admitting privileges for doctors performing abortions. Thirteen states currently have similar laws on the books. The hospital admitting privileges for doctors law is in effect in Texas and Tennessee. That requirement is on hold in the SECA states of Alabama Arkansas Louisiana Mississippi and Oklahoma. The outpatient surgery standards are in place in Virginia and blocked in Texas and Tennessee through lower court action. Affirmative Action Fisher v University of Texas at Austin The Court ruled on June 23 2016 against the appellant a female student who was denied entrance to the University of Texas at Austin based upon a previous affirmative action policy. Since the filing of the suit the University undertook to develop a new set of guidelines to determine acceptance and the Texas Legislature enacted the Top Ten Percent law to support that new system. (This law provides that any student who graduates in the top ten percent of their high school class is automatically granted admission.) In ruling against the appellant the Court certified that systems utilized to ensure diversity among student populations in public universities could be designed and implemented constitutionally. Corruption McDonnell v United States Former Virginia Governor Robert McDonnell was previously convicted of corruption for his relationship and receipt of gifts from a major political donor while in office. On June 27th the Court vacated the conviction and narrowed the definition of the sort of official act that provides the basis for a prosecution of corruption. In order to meet the new definition the act must be a formal specific and focused exercise of government power such as a lawsuit hearing or administrative determination...The prosecution must prove that the defendant made a decision or took action on the matter or agreed to do so. Immigration United States v Texas On June 23rd the Court issued a one page affirmation of a lower court action that had blocked two of President Obama s signature programs in regard to immigration. The first is actually an expansion of an existing program known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) which launched in Public Policy Notes Abortion Whole Women s Health v Hellerstedt Commissioner Texas Department of State Health Services News to Note A Nurse for Every School The American Academy of Pediatrics has published a new position statement that recommends that a full time nurse be available in every school. The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes the important role school nurses play in promoting the optimal biopsychosocial health and well-being of school-aged children in the school setting. Although the concept of a school nurse has existed for more than a century uniformity among states and school districts regarding the role of a registered professional nurse in schools and the laws governing it are lacking. By understanding the benefits roles and responsibilities of school nurses working as a team with the school physician as well as their contributions to school-aged children pediatricians can collaborate with support and promote school nurses in their own communities thus improving the health wellness and safety of children and adolescents. was vetoed by the Governor. This bill would have assisted all graduating high school students in Kentucky with scholarship funds to attend a community college. According to the Governor s veto statement the bill did not allow funding to be targeted to students with a true need and with limited funding may leave behind those with the truest need. Millenials Overtake Baby Boomers in U.S. Head Count According to a report released by the Pew Research Center Millennials have surpassed Baby Boomers as the nation s largest living generation according to population estimates released in April by the U.S. Census Bureau. Millennials defined as those ages 18-34 in 2015 now number 75.4 million surpassing the 74.9 million Baby Boomers (ages 51-69). And Generation X (ages 35-50 in 2015) is projected to pass the Boomers in population by 2028. The Millennial generation continues to grow as young immigrants expand its ranks. Boomers whose generation was defined by the boom in U.S. births following World War II are older and their numbers shrinking as the number of deaths among them exceeds the number of older immigrants arriving in the country. dren s outcomes this report considers how a universal publicly funded pre-kindergarten program in the United States could decrease both disparities in access to early learning and achievement gaps at kindergarten entry. Data from two nationally representative datasets and prior results from evaluations of highquality universal pre-kindergarten were analyzed to estimate the extent to which a national high-quality universal pre-K or UPK program would reduce achievement gaps at kindergarten entry based on children s race ethnicity and income. This study was completed in Tulsa Oklahoma and Boston Massachusetts. Click here for a copy of the report. Education & Race A Pulitzer Prize The Tampa Bay Times was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for local reporting for its Failure Factories series about the failures of the Pinellas County Florida school system. The series highlighted the school system s efforts to educate its African-American children. A compilation of the articles is available through Amazon.com. Work Ready Kentucky Scholarship Program HB 626 that created a new Kentucky scholarship program passed both the House and Senate however it Volume 9 Issue 6 Kids Count 2016 Data Book Now Available The latest in the series of Kids Count Data Books that have been published by the Annie B. Casey Foundation is now available. This year the annual report focuses on key trends in child well-being in the post-recession years and offers recommendations for how policymakers can ensure all children are prepared for the future based on the country s shared values of opportunity responsibility and security. According to the state rank of child well-being most SECA states remain at the end of the list. State ranks AL (46) AR (44) FL (40) GA (42) KY (35) LA (48) MS (50) NC (34) OK (37) SC (41) TN (38) TX (43) VA (11) and WV (39). Page 3 Reducing the Achievement Gap Recognizing the tremendous potential for highquality preschool to improve chil- Southern Early Childhood Association 1123 S. University Ste 255 Little Rock AR 72204 Phone 800-305-SECA Fax 501-227-5297 E-mail info southernearlychildhood.org www.southernearlychildhood.org How to Use Public Policy Notes If you re interested in advocacy one of the most effective tools that you can have is access to information. This newsletter is provided as a service to locate and share information that we think will be helpful to you in your work at the state level and to keep you updated on what s happening in public policy. You ll find information that Compares your state to other SECA states--how you re doing what issues you have in common what the hot topics are in your states. Brings the national scene to your fingertips and gives you a perspective on how national events might impact you...You ll also receive information about where to find additional information. We hope you ll find it helpful. Children need you to be their voice in your community and state. This monthly newsletter is produced by Glenda Bean SECA Executive Director. SECA strives to provide non-partisan and non-biased information A Voice for Southern Children that is of interest to early childhood educators. Sign up at http www.southernearlychildhood.org public-policy public-policy-notes to receive notice of its availability each month. Wikipedia Have You Made Your Contribution One of the first things most college freshmen are warned against is using Wikipedia The On-line Encyclopedia as a source for information. Because the website is an online open opportunity for contribution the information that is posted is not always correct and there are people who have now made it their hobby to focus on particular areas of Wikipedia and make those corrections. Interestingly some college professors are now utilizing the platform to enrich student experiences in research and writing. Some teachers and professors are now requiring students to use Wikipedia but to edit it for class assignments. According to an article that appeared in the Washington Post students at Emerson College in Boston are responsible for Wikipedia s Theater and Disability page. The encyclopedia article was first reviewed and redone by a student at North Dakota State University. For those of us in the early childhood field immunization a hot topic both in our field and in the community at large has a page that is edited and maintained by a sophomore level chemistry class at the University of Michigan according to the article. The Wiki Education Foundation connects higher education resources in the USA and Canada to the publishing power of Wikipedia. We cultivate learning that enriches Wikipedia and universities creating a world where any learner can contribute to open scholarship and education for all. We change the lives of students by helping students change the world.....The Foundation engages students in solving realworld problems expands access to university resources brings diverse content to Wikipedia and increases digital literacy.....Rather than writing a term paper that ends up in a drawer students contribute to a knowledge base the world uses every day. It s service learning with a lasting impact. Perhaps a class project or a publishing opportunity as a service learning project Another way to network and collaborate with colleagues around the world