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Description: ESSA, Early Childhood & NC | Obesity & the South | Supporting Appalachia | Secretary King Comes South | After school & Poverty Communities

Public Policy Notes S outhe r n E a r ly C hild hood As s o ci a tio n Three Down One to Go The Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) was established in 1987 to ensure that debates as a permanent part of every general election provide the best possible information to viewers and listeners. Its primary purpose is to sponsor and produce debates for the United States presidential and vice presidential candidates and to undertake research and educational activities relating to the debates. The organization which is a nonprofit nonpartisan 501(c)(3) corporation sponsored all of the presidential debates in 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 and 2012. The second presidential debate occurred on October 9 2016 at Washington University in St. Louis. This debate was formata debate forted as a town mat. Candihall meeting dates Trump and was hosted by and Clinton were posed Martha Raddatz and behind podiums and responded to questions from Anderson Cooper. moderator Lester Holt. The format included an audience from which participants were selected to ask questions which had not been seen by the candidates prior to the event. There was To meet its ongoing goal of edualso an opportunity for The vicecating voters the CPD is enpersons to cast an onpresidential gaged in various activities beline vote with the quesyond producing and sponsoring debate took tions with the highest the presidential debates. Its staff place on October 4 2016 vote totals being submitprepares educational materials at Longwood University in ted for consideration. Virginia between Senator and conducts research to imSECA forwarded inforTim Kaine (D) and Goverprove the quality of debates. mation about this oppornor Mike Pence (R). This tunity on to its leaderdebate featured two largely For 2016 the Commission ship groups. Unfortuunknown politicians on the scheduled three presidential nately the child care national scene and providdebates and one vicequestion was not included insight into the personpresidential debate. ed. Click here to read a alities and philosophical live blog of the debate perspectives of these candiThe first presidential debate posted by CBS news. dates. For more information was held on September 26 on these candidates access 2016 at Hofstra University in the July 2016 issue of Public The third presidential New York. This was the first debate will occur on Policy Notes Vol 9 7. time that both presidential can- Elaine Quijano served as October 19 2016 at the didates had faced each other in moderator. University of Nevada. October 2016 Public Policy Notes Inside this Issue ESSA Early Childhood & NC 2 Obesity & the South 2 Supporting Appalachia Secretary King Comes South Afterschool & Poverty Communities 4 3 Reviewing the Party Platforms During the debates components of the platforms of the respective parties have played a major role in defining the positions of the candidates. In the August 2016 issue of Public Policy Notes (Vol 9 8) you will find summaries of both platforms. As you make your decision concerning your vote in November take the time to review and consider these platforms. Be an informed voter North Carolina s Proposed Plan ESSA The North Carolina Early Childhood Foundation and the Office of Early Learning (OEL) at the Department of Public Instruction recently brought together a group of state leaders to develop a set of birth-toeight strategies to be included in North Carolina s ESSA plan. The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) provides new opportunities to include early childhood through third grade alignment accountability and funding. The group s recommendations include sional development system that ensures teachers and administrators have the skills and knowledge to support young children s learning These recommendations have been included in North Carolina s ESSA draft plan and the Department of Public Instruction is currently holding public comment sessions on the draft. For a summary of the components of the Every Student Succeeds Act access the January 2016 (Vol 9 1) issue of Public Policy Notes. The Foundation website includes a toolkit that community groups can utilize to pose questions to candidates about their support for early learning. These resources can be adapted to work in your state. Ensure that children learn in environments and through practices that are developmentally appropriate and support their success Implement accountability measures that reflect the importance of children s early years Support smooth transitions for children as they begin school and through the early grades . Develop a birth-to-eight profes- Obesity and the South Are We Making Progress The Southern states have consistently ranked at the top of the list for the percentage of residents who were obese. A recent report The State of Obesity issued by the Trust for America s Health and the Robert Wood Foundation found that some Southern states had made progress while others appeared to move in the wrong direction. The report provides an optimistic preview but emphasizes that we still have much work to do. After adults is beginning to slow. This is progress but rates are alarmingly higher then they were a generation ago. Some Highlights from the Report Nationally childhood obesity children than among White and Asian children. The news for SECA states is mixed. Ranked on a scale with Louisiana being the 1 state in the country in the percentage of adult obesity we find a very mixed picture throughout the region. Alabama Mississippi and West Virginia come in at 2 in the nation. Kentucky ranks 5 with Arkansas right behind at 6. Oklahoma ranks 8 Tennessee follows at 9 and Texas comes in at 10. South Carolina ranks 13 and Georgia follows at 19. North Carolina ranks 22 Virginia 29 and Florida at 35. rates have remained stable for the past decade around 17 percent (ages 2-19) Rates are declining among 2-to-5 year-olds stable among 6-to-11 year olds and increasing among 12-to-19-year-olds. Since 1980 the childhood obesi- ty rates (ages 2-to-19) have tripled. There are significant racial and decades of increasing the national childhood obesity rate has leveled off and the rise in obesity among Public Policy Notes ethnic inequities. Rates are higher among Latino and Black Supporting Appalachia The Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) is a regional economic development agency that represents a partnership of federal state and local government. Established by an act of Congress in 1965 ARC is composed of the governors of the 13 Appalachian states and a federal co-chair who is appointed by the president. Local participation is provided through multi-county local development districts. ARC invests in activities that address the five goals identified in the Commission s strategic plan Economic Opportunity Ready Workforce Critical Infrastructure National & Cultural Assets and Leadership & Community Capacity. The Commission includes the whole state of West Virginia and parts of Alabama Georgia Kentucky Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee and Virginia. Forty-two percent of the Region s population is rural compared with 20 percent of the national population. The Commission recently released a series of grants for projects in Alabama Kentucky Mississippi Tennessee Virginia and West Virginia. Many of these projects are designed to support efforts to develop 3 000 jobs in communities that have been hard hit by the layoffs in the coal mining industry. Some grants will enable laid-off coal miners to participate in job-retraining. Other projects are designed to tackle prescription drug abuse and bring Broadband internet service to communities. For more information on the grants click here. Secretary King Comes South five-day bus trip across six states starting in Washington D.C. and ending in New Orleans Louisiana. He started with a rally on the plaza outside the U.S. Department of Education in Washington D.C. and made stops in Charlottesville Virginia Bristol Knoxville Chattanooga and Memphis Tennessee Harvest Alabama Little Rock Arkansas Indianola Mississippi and Monroe Baton Rouge and New Orleans Louisiana. the only pre-k focused visit on the tour. Currently Arkansas funds the program at the fifth-best rate in the nation and King praised In America opportunity can never be rationed. It cannot be a perk set aside for some and denied to others. Opportunity must be available to all. Opportunity and education are not only the foundation of our economy they are also the foundation of our democracy and the American way of life. U.S. Education Secretary John B. King Jr. In September U.S. Secretary of Education John B. King Jr. launched a Volume 9 Issue 10 His stop in Little Rock Arkansas brought him to the Pike View Elementary Early Childhood Center in North Little Rock and spotlighted a 25 yearold statewide pre-K program which began in the 1990 s as the Arkansas BetPhoto retrieved from ter Chance Program. This program was http www.nlrsd.org article 59 Page 3 the state for a decades-old bipartisan commitment to earlyeducation funding and for paying preschool teachers at the same level as their elementary peers avoiding a pay gap that has made it difficult to attract and retain quality pre-K teachers in other states. Source State pre-K tack gets U.S. praise AR Democrat Gazette 09 16 2016 Southern Early Childhood Association 1123 S. University Ste 255 Little Rock AR 72204 Phone 800-305-SECA Fax 501-227-5297 E-mail info southernearlychildhood.org www.southernearlychildhood.org How to Use Public Policy Notes If you re interested in advocacy one of the most effective tools that you can have is access to information. This newsletter is provided as a service to locate and share information that we think will be helpful to you in your work at the state level and to keep you updated on what s happening in public policy. You ll find information that Compares your state to other SECA states--how you re doing what issues you have in common what the hot topics are in your states. Brings the national scene to your fingertips and gives you a perspective on how national events might impact you...You ll also receive information about where to find additional information. We hope you ll find it helpful. Children need you to be their voice in your community and state. This monthly newsletter is produced by Glenda Bean SECA Executive Director. SECA strives to provide non-partisan and non-biased information A Voice for Southern Children that is of interest to early childhood educators. Sign up at http www.southernearlychildhood.org public-policy public-policy-notes to receive notice of its availability each month. Afterschool & Poverty Communities poverty line. The effects of living in communities of concentrated poverty are farreaching and extend beyond issues of access and a person s present day situation. Health issues--including asthma diabetes and depression-- are higher in communities of concentrated poverty and children living in these communities face higher levels of stress and behavior problems. Research has linked early brain development to household income finding that the brain development of children living in poverty lagged behind that of their higherincome peers. The same study also found that children living in poverty scored lower in academic achievement tests when compared to children living above the poverty line.... Research has found that when children from low-income families take part in quality afterschool programs they see positive gains. Consistent participation in high-quality afterschool programs has been shown to help students improve their work habits and demonstrate higher levels of persistence and helps to close the achievement gap that exists between children from low-income families and their more affluent peers. It was also found that the positive impact of afterschool programs on children matches that of early childhood programs--from academics to social and behavioral outcomes. For a copy of the report click here. America After 3PM Special Report Afterschool in Communities of Concentrated Poverty was recently released by the Afterschool Alliance. From the Executive Summary Communities of concentrated poverty are neighborhoods or groupings of neighborhoods in a community where there is a high concentration of families that live below the federal