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NOVEMBER 2017 7.95 Heyv Este (this man) COULD BE YOUR NEXT CONGRESSMAN THE 21ST-CENTURY VOICE FOR BUSINESS INVESTMENT AND PROFITABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIAN COUNTRY reconnecting people to the land Strengthening Native Nations and Expanding Tribal Sovereignty Through Land Acquisition Indian Land Capital Company is a Native-owned certified Community Development Financial Institution (CDFI) providing financing to Native nations for economic development and land acquisition. www.ilcc.net 2 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com Protecting the Sustainability of YOUR Sovereign Nation CKP INSURANCE MANAGES RISKS... SO YOU CAN MANAGE EVERYTHING ELSE. SIGN UP BEFORE THE NOV. 15TH DEADLINE Protect Your PRF (Pasture Rangeland Forage) Our trusted risk advisors are trained to help you understand and analyze complicated insurance data so you can make the most informed decision for your tribe. Our goal is to ensure you never purchase unnecessary coverage and pay more than you need. Protect your land and livelihood against potential losses during times of drought. Why now Very affordable Government subsidized Premiums are not due until October 1 No adjusters needed No record-keeping Protects your cash flow Anyone can sell you a policy. But CKP invests the The USDA Risk time to understand Management Agency your individual helps protect your needs and develop Pasture Rangeland a strategy that will produce the best and Forage (PRF) from coverage results. the elements. Contact your CKP Trusted Risk Advisor today. 877-CKP-INS1 (877-257-4671) ckpinsurance.com 3 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 TABLE OF CONTENTS NOVEMBER 2017 VOL.2 NO.11 16 Why J.D. Colbert is running for Congress Cover Story Upfront 6 8 Publisher s Letter Editor s Letter Industry Reports 34 TRADE ASSOCIATIONS PARTNERS A look at ASU s American Indian Studies GAMING Tribal casinos make it rain FINANCIAL SERVICES Tribal sovereignty a moral obligation HEALTH CARE Demystifying opioids News Features 14 20 22 In the News PROFILE Chief Harjo on education AGRICULTURE Inside the Quapaw Tribe s cattle venture FEATURE Tribe Against Tribe Treaties and broken promises PUBLIC SAFETY Ideas to help safety on reservations SPECIAL REPORT Tourism Takeaways from AIANTA s conference 38 40 24 42 30 Advice 44 BUSINESS ETHICS Circular thinking is a skill COMMUNICATIONS Plan ahead diminish disasters 46 Native American Turquoise Rings 32 Calendar 41 Upcoming events Last Look 45 Meet noteworthy weaver Lola Cody 4 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com Focusing on Innovative Tribal Economic Development and Corporate Governance Creation of Long Lasting Corporate Structures and Entities Sound Business Acumen and Finance Expertise Proven Negotiation Skills that Emphasize and Respect Tribal Sovereignty Financial Services and Tribal Lending Creative Solutions to Complex Problems Successful Litigation Strategy Development www.rosettelaw.com 193 Blue Ravine Road Suite 255 Folsom CA 95630 (916) 353-1084 (916) 353-1085 nstgermain rosettelaw.com 565 W. Chandler Blvd. Suite 212 Chandler AZ 85225 (480) 889-8990 (480) 889-8997 rosette rosettelaw.com 25344 Red Arrow Highway Suite B Mattawan MI 49071 (269) 283-5005 (517) 913-6443 kwichtman rosettelaw.com 1100 H St. N.W. Suite 400 Washington D.C. 20005 (202) 652-0579 (202 525- 5261 sbazzazieh rosettelaw.com www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 5 PUBLISHER S LETTER Time to move ahead with thought leadership I Publisher Sandy Lechner speaking at RES Greetings t s an exciting time to be involved in economic development in Indian Country and an exciting time to be a thought leader. With so many great industry associations and opportunities to network and learn at national meetings and conferences TBJ is thrilled to be a part of this exciting booming culture. In this issue and upcoming issues you will notice a stronger focus on specific industries creating opportunities and building blocks for economic development in Indian Country. They include finance as we grow our partnership with NAFOA and NAFSA health wellness and youth initiatives as we strengthen our partnership with the NB3 Foundation infrastructure and contracting as we grow a strong partnership with NACA among many others. As discussed in our November issue 2018 will bring a stronger commitment to our digital footprint. In addition to Native News Online tribalbusinessjournal.com the TBJ weekly email newsletter the TBJ Facebook page and the Native News Online Facebook page we have introduced the Tribal Professional Directory. Beginning in January 2018 each issue will have listings of professionals that are working in the specific category we are featuring that month. In addition to the listings there will be indepth information available via tribalprofessionaldirectory. com. Finally we will produce an annual printed Tribal Professional Directory that will be the only desktop reference available for anyone looking for professional services in Indian Country. In November TBJ will be distributed at the TribalNet and NACA conferences. Again we are very excited about our growing partnerships with both organizations. We look forward to seeing all our friends at the conferences. As a final note our hearts are heavy as we express our sincere thoughts and prayers to the families and friends of all who were affected by the Las Vegas shooting. It is our hope that we can find a way to end senseless acts of terror and violence and be able to celebrate each other for our unique diversity and contributions. With Warm Regards Sandy Lechner Publisher Sandy Lechner may be reached at slechner tribalbusinessjournal.com or 954.377.9691. 6 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 7 EDITOR S LETTER Helping to Get Past Other ovember is American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month. Personally I am pleased that the month is designated to recognize our wonderful culture and heritage. I know there are those who argue that Native people should be celebrated year-round. While I wholeheartedly agree I know American Indian and Alaska Natives are often left off lists in demographic overviews. Often I find little American Indian and Alaska Native data when I research topics for stories. It is common to be in a public setting and to listen to a demographic overview and not see American Indians or Alaska Natives included in the breakdown of racial ethnic groups--as if we no longer exist. Often we end up buried in the other category. It is hard to achieve equality and inclusion when we are considered an other. The latest U.S. Census Bureau (www.census.gov newsroom facts-forfeatures 2017 aian-month.html) numbers indicate there are 6.7 million in the nation s American Indian and Alaska Native population including those of more than one race. This number represented about 2 percent of the total population in 2016. As descendants of the land that once was 100 percent of the population 2 percent is very low. Even with only 2 percent of the population the good news is American Indians and Alaska Natives still exist. We are survivors of concerted efforts to eliminate our ancestors off the map and must get past other. Having November designated as American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month helps to achieve the goal to get past it. Way beyond celebrating Native people only during November or at Thanksgiving American Indians and Alaska Natives play an important role in economics across the United States. Since 1988 Indian gaming has become a major player in the gaming industry. Spread over 244 tribes in 484 gaming facilities in 28 states Indian gaming has become a 31.2 billion industry when ancillary revenues are factored in the total rises to 35.4 billion in total revenues. The American Indian Alaska Native Tourism Association (AIANTA) reports that during 2016 there were 1.9 million overseas visitors to Indian Country which represents a 180 percent increase over the previous year. According to AIANTA s travel forecast it is estimated by 2021 48 642 jobs will be supported by international travelers to the United States who visit Indian Country. Indian gaming and Indian Country tourism are only two industries that Native people contribute to in the United States. The Census Bureau says there were 27 585 American Indian and Alaska Native-owned employer firms in the United States in 2015 that cover a whole range of industries. Tribal Business Journal works diligently to promote American Indian and Alaska Native businesses as means to contribute to the synergy and growth of economic development in Indian Country. TBJ celebrates November as American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month and is working hard to get past the other category for our population. Have a blessed and happy Thanksgiving. Editor-in-Chief Levi Rickert (Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation) Levi Rickert (Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation) Editor-in-Chief Levi Rickert may be reached at 616.299.7542 or lrickert tribalbusinessjournal.com. 8 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 9 PUBLISHER COO Sandy Lechner slechner tribalbusinessjournal.com EXECUTIVE EDITOR Kevin Gale kgale sfbwmag.com EDITOR Levi Rickert lrickert tribalbusinessjournal.com (Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation) ASSOCIATE EDITOR Andrea Richard arichard sfbwmag.com Business Development Managers Rebecca Torres rtorres tribalbusinessjournal.com Creative CREATIVE DIRECTOR Melanie Smit ART DIRECTOR Frank Papandrea Marketing and Events Jennifer Barb jbarb lmgfl.com Estefania Marin emarin lmgfl.com Controller Josh Wachsman jwachsman lmgfl.com Administration Accounting Circulation Manager Monica Bridgewater-Wilson monica lmgfl.com Director Devon Cohen Chairman Gary Press gpress tribalbusinessjournal.com TBJ Magazine 3511 W. COMMERCIAL BLVD. SUITE 200 FORT LAUDERDALE FL 33309 954.377.9470 FAX 954.617.9418 WWW.TRIBALBUSINESSJOURNAL.COM 2016 TBJ magazine is published by Tribal Media Holdings LLC all rights reserved. Tribal Business Journal is a publication of Tribal Media Holdings LLC which has teamed with LDF Business Development Corp. a wholly owned entity of the Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indian Tribe and Lifestyle Media Group. 10 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com Creating Opportunities for Energy & Infrastructure for Indian Country Email john.lewis avantenergy.com Phone 480-510-9811 www.avantenergy.com www.nativeenergyecosystem.com For More Information on how we can assist your tribe contact John Lewis www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 11 TBJ ADVISORY BOARD Rjay Brunkow (Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians) CEO Indian Land Capital Company Robert Joe (Navajo) Chief Operating Officer for the Office of the President and Vice President Navajo Nation APRIL 2016 7.95 Ernie Stevens Jr. (Oneida) Chairman National Indian Gaming Association Jeff Doctor (Seneca Nation) Executive Director of the National Indian Cannabis Coalition John B. Lewis Gila River Indian Community Utility Authority Transforming the Navajo Nation Robert Joe Vernelle Taylor (Gros Ventre Tribe) Director of Tribal Relations Flintco Constructive Solutions THE 21ST-CENTURY VOICE FOR BUSINESS INVESTMENT AND PROFITABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIAN COUNTRY TBJ Cover.indd 1 3 7 16 4 15 PM Gary Davis (Cherokee) CEO of NAFSA Native American Financial Services Association Kip Ritchie (Forest County Potawatomi) CEO Greenfire Management Services LLC Heather Dawn Thompson (Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe) Practice Group Attorney Greenberg Traurig LLP Mark Harding (Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe) President Mashpee Wampanoag Community Development Corporation Roxie Schescke (Rosebud Sioux) President Indian Eyes LLC S.R. Tommie (Seminole Tribe of Florida) President Redline Media Group Chris James (Cherokee) President and CEO of the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development Pamala Silas (Menominee) Executive Director National American Indian Housing Council Robert Weaver (Quapaw Tribe of Oklahoma) President RWI Benefits LLC Dylan Jenkins Vice President of Portfolio Development Finite Carbon Katherine Spilde Ph.D. Chair Sycuan Institute on Tribal Gaming at San Diego State University Karrie Wichtman (Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians) Managing Partner Rosette Law 12 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com ANNIVERSARY 2000 ATTORNEYS 38 LOCATIONS WORLDWIDE Greenberg Traurig s American Indian Law Practice Group is a multidisciplinary legal and governmental affairs team. We strive to provide wide-ranging legal representation for litigation transactional and public policy matters concerning Native Americans Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians. G R E E N B E R G T R A U R I G L L P A T T O R N E Y S A T L A W W W W . G T L A W . C O M The hiring of a lawyer is an important decision and should not be based solely upon advertisements. Before you decide ask us to send you free written information about our qualifications and our experience. Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome. Contact Jennifer H. Weddle in Denver at 303.572.6500. Greenberg Traurig is a service mark and trade name of Greenberg Traurig LLP and Greenberg Traurig P.A. 2017 Greenberg Traurig LLP. Attorneys at Law. All rights reserved. These numbers are subject to fluctuation. 28596 A leading developer of forest carbon projects for the California carbon market. The only national organization dedicated to advancing Indian Country tourism across the United States. JOIN US AND LEARN MORE AT WWW.AIANTA.ORG Forest Carbon Partners finances and develops carbon offset projects that deliver real financial value and support the forest management goals of our clients. CONTACT US 1 415-321-3300 carbon newforests-us.com forestcarbonpartners.com www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 13 IN THE NEWS PATENT BATTLE U.S. Senator Claire McCaskill (D-MO) introduced a bill that would block tribal sovereign immunity related to patents. This comes in response to pharmaceutical giant Allergan Plc recent transfer sale of its patent for a dry eye medication Restasis to the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe Reuters reported. The agreement was that the tribe would exclusively license the product and receive profits and in turn Allergan avoids the administration costs and hurdles associated with undergoing a patent review. According to the report Allergan argues that the U.S. Patent Trial and Appeal Board that reviews patents is a flawed system and transferring the patent to the Mohawk Tribe is within its rights. The U.S. Senate will review and confirm the nomination for the fouryear term. Currently Weaver serves as a representative to U.S. Government Relations in tribal health care. CFPB FINALIZED SMALL DOLLAR RULE The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) introduced its small dollar rule regarding payday vehicle title and certain installment loans. It is aimed to stop what the bureau considers predatory payday lending by requiring lenders to ensure that borrowers can afford to pay back their loans. Payday lenders are known to charge interest rates upwards to 400 percent on defaulted payments. The bureau criticized some lenders for targeting consumers who are unable to afford loans causing them to end up in endless debt cycles. The small dollar rule will go into effect 21 months from the date of publication in the Federal Register. Some tribal lenders are fighting CFPB actions saying they represent overreach and impinge on tribal sovereignty. Members of the Native American Financial Services Associate (NAFSA) have adopted a code of ethics such as avoiding abusive collection tactics to responsibly meet consumers demand for small dollar loans. Hurricane Irma toppled trees on the Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki boardwalk IRMA HITS SEMINOLE MUSEUM Hurricane Irma toppled some of the cypress trees along the boardwalk at the Seminole Tribe of Florida s Ah-Tah-ThiKi Museum on the Big Cypress Reservation. The museum building however was unscathed. The museum is proceeding with its 20th Annual American Indian Arts Celebration from Nov. 3-4 which will include a fashion show Native Pride Dancers and alligator wrestling. a sales tax on non-tribal members purchases of sales goods and services connected to the Royal River Casino in Flandreau SD. The Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe complained that they could not collect sales tax because of federal law an issue not covered by the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act reported the Argus Leader newspaper. HEALTH CARE NEWS Tribal Diagnostics formed a partnership with United Healthcare giving millions of participants under United s plan access to Tribal Diagnostics laboratory testing. TAX VICTORY A federal judge ruled in South Dakota that the state must allow for Robert M. Weaver IHS NEW DIRECTOR NOMINEE The Trump administration nominated Robert M. Weaver (Quapaw) to serve as director of Indian Health Service. The 20th Annual American Indian Arts Celebration will be Nov. 3-4 14 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com TRIBAL HEALTH CLINIC OPENED In October the Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe Health Clinic opened in Flandreau South Dakota. The 13 million 38 000-squarefoot clinic provides health services to eligible Native American people living on or near the Flandreau Santee Sioux Indian Reservation. NAFOA S 2017 FALL FINANCE & TRIBAL ECONOMIES CONFERENCE In early October the National American Finance Officers Association hosted its fall conference bringing together tribal leaders federal agencies and accounting professionals. The three-day conference was held at the River Spirit Casino Resort in Tulsa Oklahoma. Photos by Steven Michaels Tulsa (stevenmichaels.com) LaDonna Harris (Comanche Nation) ICTMN ASSETS DONATED The now defunct news outlet Indian Country Today Media Network donated its assets to the National Congress of American Indians. ICTMN was an Oneida Indian Nation-owned online publisher. AWARDS CIVIL RIGHTS ACTIVIST RECOGNIZED Native American rights and civil rights activist LaDonna Harris (Comanche Nation) is the recipient of the third annual Oklahoma Changing World Prize. Harris is the president of Americans for Indian Opportunity. Pechanga Resort & Casino was voted No.1 best southern California casino by readers of the Orange County Register. NAFOA President Cristina Danforth NEW TECH PARTNERSHIP In a maneuver to provide technology and connected services to tribes across North America Artic Information Technology an Alaskan Native-owned enterprise entered into a partnership with New Zealand s software solutions provider Whanau Tahi. PEOPLE ON THE MOVE TribalNet welcomed its new executive committee Chris Baca Director of Information Technology Santa Clara Development Corporation Fred Buro CEO Severity Inc. Scott Cannady chief financial officer Isleta Resort and Casino John Dinius general manager Sycuan Casino NAFOA Director of Tribal Relations and First Vice President VaRene Martin TECH NEWS The Hoh Indian Tribe in western Washington State tapped Native Network to complete a broadband feasibility study. The study will devise a fiveyear implementation plan for broadband infrastructure. J.D. Colbert owner of Holisso Hakv www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 15 J.D. Colbert BANKING IS IN HIS BLOOD BUT HE DREAMS OF GOING TO CONGRESS BY LEVI RICKERT .D. Colbert (Chickasaw Muscogee-Creek) believes the current United States financial system has failed Indian Country. The owner of Holisso Hakv a financial advisory firm that specializes in mergers and acquisition Colbert is passionate about shifting the paradigm when it comes to available capital to American Indian tribes. Since 1987 the Harvard educated Colbert has assisted American Indian tribes starting or acquiring various types of banks and financial institutions. His resume includes being president and CEO of three different banks and a director of five different banks. He was executive director of the North American Native Bankers Association an organization created for Native-owned banks in the United States and Canada. Colbert now dreams of the creation of a new banking system to serve Indian Country. J.D. Colbert erning body. The new entity would be free from the short-term focus of publicly listed banks but would offer a means for tribes to secure the patient capital required for long-term economic and infrastructure development. Colbert sees the lack of capital in Indian Country as a major deterrent to economic development. He is not alone in his assessment. There are bands of tribes in my state that have a great need for capital. Because of that they would be considered a high credit risk but that is exactly why they need capital says U.S. Senator Al Franken (D-Minnesota). While the need for capital to flow freely into Indian Country is great existing federal capital programs have failed to drive economic growth and development that is profoundly needed in Indian County. We think it is time to take a different look at these programs and ask ourselves why they are not working to reach their full potential says Dante Desiderio executive director of the Native American Finance Officers Association based in Washington D.C. Colbert presents the need for tribally chartered banks along with W. Gregory Guedel Ph.D. in Capital Inequality and Self-Determination Creating a Sovereign Financial System for Native American Nations published by the University of Oklahoma College of Law s American Indian Law Review (Volume 41 Issue 1 2016). His dream for the tribally chartered bank may not come to fruition. In the meantime Colbert still is working hard to assist tribes and other entities in mergers and acquisitions. In August 2017 Colbert also threw his hat in the ring to seek the Democratic party nomination to run in the 2018 election in the 3rd Congressional District in Texas. A major driving force that led to Colbert s decision to run for Congress is summed up in this statement he made to TBJ I am greatly concerned for the well-being of Native Americans and people of color in contemporary America. It thus seemed imperative to me that I not sit back and passively watch racist and hate crimes unfold before me but rather step up and take a stand for equality love the rule of law and a basic human respect for one another. Colbert took time out his busy schedule for his TBJ interview. WHAT YEAR DID YOU BEGIN HOLISSO HAKV While Holisso Hakv has existed as a legal entity only since 2015 the firm is the result of my 20 years of consulting services in the banking and financial services sectors. I am oftentimes asked What do you do for a living and I respond that I make people money. Thus the name of my firm Holisso Hakv. Holisso means money in the Chickasaw language and Hakv means to make in the Muscogee Creek language. Making money is how Holisso Hakv is interpreted. As a Chickasaw Muscogee-Creek I am proud to use the language of both of my tribes in the name of my firm. HOW LONG DOES IT TYPICALLY TAKE FOR A TRIBE TO OPEN A BANK ONCE THEY DECIDE THEY WANT ONE The time frame varies from tribe to tribe as it typically does for any ownership group. Generally starting a bank While he would call it the tribally chartered bank Colbert is quick to point out that it would not be a new bank under the existing system. A tribally chartered bank would be a new financial institution that can facilitate much-needed access to capital and affordable financial services for American Indians and Alaska Natives. It would be organized under the sovereign authority of one or more tribal governments. A tribally chartered bank would be chartered under tribal law and regulated by an independent tribally appointed gov16 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com COVER STORY www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 17 COVER STORY from scratch takes longer than acquiring an existing bank. Since the financial crisis the bank regulators have granted only a handful of new bank charters. Accordingly acquiring an existing bank is the only path to bank ownership for tribes. A tribe could charter its own bank pursuant to its sovereign powers and civil and regulatory authorities. Regrettably no tribe has ever chartered its own bank in a way that the bank is a fully-fledged member of the U.S. and worldwide banking community. I hope to change that. WHAT ARE THE MAJOR OBSTACLES TRIBES FACE WHEN OPENING A BANK The first obstacle is internal to the tribe. Tribes like any prospective bank owner must first define and articulate in writing what they hope to achieve via bank ownership. This is a crucial component of the process because it tends to drive and inform a number of subsequent decisions and actions. For example if the main purpose of bank ownership for a tribe is greater home ownership and more car loans then the tribe likely will want to consider a credit union instead of a commercial bank. The next major obstacle for most tribes is to accumulate enough capital to buy a bank. To own 100 percent of even a small community bank will typically require a capital investment of tens of millions of dollars. Another major obstacle for tribes is their sovereign immunity from suit. To own a bank or regulated financial institution requires a limited waiver of sovereignty. The bank regulators have developed a standardized set of requirements or commitments that they ask tribes to sign wherein the tribe provides a partial waiver of its sovereignty. These requirements are generically referred to as the Mille Lacs commitments . They were developed in connection with the Mille Lacs acquisition of Woodlands National Bank in the mid-1990s. PLEASE PROVIDE YOUR ASSESSMENT OF ONLINE LENDING. Online lending can be a helpmate to many who find themselves in moments of temporary financial difficulty. However online lending is tainted by a reputation for predatory lending and causing borrowers to be caught in a never-ending cycle of debt. Tribal online lending is further tainted by a documented history of being 18 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com exploited by outside financial companies. Rent-a-tribe is a widely used term to describe situations where the outside firm is leveraging the tribe s sovereignty to evade state usury laws and other consumer protections. In such instances the tribe has little to no control over the day-to-day operations of the lending entity and receives a disproportionately low share of the profits. A better model is for the tribe to control all aspects of the lending operation and to internally adopt online lending best practices along with a moral and ethical regard for the financial well-being of their clients. WHAT ADVICE DO YOU HAVE FOR YOUNG AMERICAN INDIAN AND ALASKA NATIVES WHO DESIRE TO ENTER THE BANKING INDUSTRY They should enter this professional driven by a motivation to serve people and to use the power of the bank to improve the quality of life for the people they serve. IN YOUR OPINION WHAT ARE THE BUSINESS ADVANTAGES FOR INDIAN COUNTRY WITH THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION The only business advantages that I see is the possibility of tribes obtaining contracts to help build the Great Wall of Trump along the southern border of the United States. ON THE OTHER HAND WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGES FACED BY TRIBES WITH THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION Possible termination which means tribes would lose their sovereignty rights and all the benefits of being tribal nations. WHAT IS YOUR OPINION OF THE DODD-FRANK ACT It was a well-intentioned and necessary response to the egregious abuse of the financial system by predatory and venal Wall Street investment firms. However the law and its Byzantine regulatory apparatus punishes the innocent while allowing the guilty to go free. Despite widespread and well-documented pillaging and looting not a single Wall Street banker has been indicted yet alone convicted. YOU ARE RUNNING FOR CONGRESS IN A TEXAS DISTRICT. WHAT WAS THE DRIVING FACTOR THAT MADE YOU RUN I am very concerned about many acts of overt racism and an atmosphere of White Nationalism in America. Indeed I ve not seen such egregious racism since the 1960s civil rights movement. Trump and the far right in league with KKKonservative KKKristians have emboldened encouraged and defended such racist acts. It is my belief that this racially charged milieu in America today finds it etiology in the rapidly changing demographics in our country. America is becoming increasingly diverse. Indeed the U.S. Census bureau forecasts that by the year 2043 the white majority in America will disappear. Some call this phenomenon regime change. Signs and manifestations of this regime change abound. Barack Obama was of course the first black person to be elected to the U.S. presidency an office heretofore exclusively reserved for the white male. The presidency is an office that could be considered as the crown jewel of the white majority in America. The Spanish language is now very common in the public arena and increasingly numbers of women are seen wearing a hijab. The White Nationalists waving Nazi and Confederate flags greatly fear this regime change. They march in our public squares stridently armed with assault weapons while chanting white nationalist slogans. Their efforts to continue the long reign of the white majority in America are both fruitless and impotent. They might as well attempt to command the sun to rise in the West and set in the East. They will ultimately be assimilated into the New America which is increasingly diverse. Like the Borg resistance is futile. This regime change in America is so unique it has happened only one other time. That was when the reign of the red man in place since time immemorial gave way to the reign of the white man. Like the current regime change that regime change was also driven by population increases and demographic changes. I believe that America will eventually arrive at the Promised Land of embracing our ethnic language and color and creed diversity. However before we get to that place we must first travail a crucible of change. In order to mitigate acts of violence and to calm fears I think that America needs elected leadership who understands the context of change and who clearly declares that racism has no place in America. That is why I am running. The leading developer of Native American forest carbon projects for the California carbon market. Forest Carbon Partners has successfully registered the most forest carbon offset projects to date on tribal trust and fee land for the California carbon market. CONTACT US 1 415-321-3300 carbon newforests-us.com forestcarbonpartners.com TribalGovernmentandEnterprisePrograms StacyA.Sullivan CIC ACSR TribalSpecialist AccountExecutive Email Stacy JohnSullivanInsurance.com www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 19 Education program played key role for Chief Harjo BY MARY K. BOWANNIE eonard M. Harjo was elected and sworn into office as the principal chief of the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma on Sept. 5 2009 and served until this year. His journey to becoming chief of his tribe was one that would take him down many different roads some of which he did not imagine when he was growing up near Wolf Oklahoma. Raised on his grandfather s allotment in rural Oklahoma by his parents Floyd L. and Esther Barnoski Harjo allowed him to learn how to raise livestock and crops. But the Seminole rural and cultural life gave him the strong foundation needed in order to venture out into the world during his junior and senior years of high school. He participated in a program called A Better Chance that allowed him to attend a preparatory school in the northeastern United States. This early experience would prepare him for the Ivy League colleges of Harvard and Yale which he d go on to attend and earn a bachelor s degree in economics in 1979 and a master s degree in public and private management. His graduate school years at Yale were funded by the Tribal Commerce and Enterprise Management Program or TCEMP which was a project of First Nations Financial Project (which was renamed First Nations Development Institute in 1991). TCEMP was generously funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York. NOT A LOT OF SUPPORT I had been away for long enough to know what to experience being on the East Coast Harjo says. There is not a lot of support for Natives out there. So we (other graduate students) supported each other the different races and communities at Yale. We kept our eyes open and on each other s kids. Harjo said there were a few Native students scattered throughout the university and each student got absorbed into their own area or program as there was not an effort to bring the Native students together at that time. Despite the lack of Natives on 20 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com campus Harjo did well. For me I liked the Yale School of Management. I was used to small classes and enjoyed and worked better in smaller groups. The classes were interesting and focused on accounting marketing finances environment education and public speaking he says. Harjo was not alone at Yale his then four-year-old daughter went with him. He juggled his time between his studies and being a father. I was a divorced single parent. I took my daughter to Yale and she spent her fourth and fifth years of age there. She loved it he says. We lived in the graduate family housing and there were a lot of kids her age. Harjo had started to pursue an MBA in Oklahoma by attending night school. But when his life situation changed and he became a single father he knew the only way to do it was to go to school full-time. CITIBANK INTERNSHIP In the summer of 1987 Harjo did an internship at Citibank in New York and reviewed statutes and policies affecting the banking industry in Oklahoma. It was an enjoyable opportunity to be in New York in the summer of 1987 after my first year in business school. Companies heavily recruited students between the first and second year of business school. he says Harjo completed TCEMP and graduated with a master s degree in public and private management from Yale in 1988 and returned to Oklahoma. He then went on to be the tribal planner to director of economic development and was appointed the first director of the Seminole Nation Development Authority. Harjo did whatever was needed for his tribe for the next 20 years. He knows he s fortunate to have had the experience of being a TCEMP fellow. It gave him the confidence to tackle hard issues and trust in his own capabilities and take responsibility to get the job done. But he knows not all Natives are as fortunate. Some are not used to facing challenges they are not familiar with. They almost freeze they don t know what to do he says. Yale helped give me the tools. Harjo says another TCEMP is still needed today to give Native people an opportunity to learn basic business management skills. He saw the need every day as he worked to bring people on board in positions with the tribe s enterprises. An on-site campus experience for a semester or more where the students can come together on campus once a month to focus on their studies with other Native students and then return to their home communities to continue their work on the ground is his vision. SEEKING THE SAME THINGS I remember telling Rebecca Adamson (First Nations founder and former president) and Sherry Salway Black (former First Nations senior vice president) at that time that an on-site program is a good one he says. It brings together like-minded people with other professional Native people seeking the same things they are. Harjo continues to see how important the work of First Nations Development Institute is for tribal communities. He said the work is especially important in creating Native economies particularly in the area of entrepreneurship and develop- MARY K. BOWANNIE ing alternatives for tribes to MS MA (ZUNI COCHITI) consider beyond relying on IS COMMUNICATIONS government funding and trib- OFFICER FOR FIRST al gaming. NATIONS DEVELOPMENT Toreally create a private INSTITUTE AN sector owned by tribal mem- ORGANIZATION bers real entrepreneurship DEDICATED TO growth has to come from our STRENGTHENING communities he says. We NATIVE AMERICAN need to develop and have an COMMUNITIES AND economic sector that is owned ECONOMIES. CONTACT by our people and in our own HER AT MBOWANNIE tribal communities. FIRSTNATIONS.ORG. PROFILE www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 21 AGRICULTURE Quapaw opens cattle processing plant BY KEVIN GALE he Quapaw Tribe is providing a model for vertical integration in the cattle business. The tribe has built up a herd of roughly 500 head of black angus cattle which produce high quality steaks and 130 bison. It is increasing distribution of its meat and on Sept. 7 opened what s called the first USDA-certified meat processing plant in Indian Country. Other agricultural efforts include adding beehives to help pollinate plants which ultimately improves the quality of forage for grazing cattle. The 25 000-square-foot first phase of the 8 million facility is near the tribal casino in the Miami Oklahoma area says the tribe s Business Committee Chairman John L. Berrey. The decision to build the plant was based on tribal self-determination Berrey says. The tribe thought it could be more consistent with the quality of packaging by building its own plant. It worked with grant writers to obtain an 800 000 grant from the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development. The plant will be built in phases and the 22 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com design ultimately calls for a 500-foot long facility. It has a very linear design which helps avoid tracking bacteria through the plant Berrey says. The plant will initially employ six people and could grow to 20. The plant will give the tribe quality control and cut the cost of transportation because cattle and buffalo are sent to Sterling Colorado for processing which adds about 1 a pound to costs Berrey says. The cattle are raised without using hormones and they aren t poked with electric prods either Berrey says. We treat them like they should be respected. It shows in the way they taste. All the pastures have heated water tanks so animals can drink clean fresh water whenever they want. The tribe is growing 400 acres of corn and trying to mix feed for its own feed lot Berrey says. There s an emphasis on reducing pesticides and using goats in addition to honeybees to improve forage. Meat is used in the tribe s restaurants Meals on Wheels and Title Six programs for the elderly. The tribe also donates to area schools and food banks. In 2016 it opened Quapaw John L. Berrey Mercantile in Quapaw to sell meat honey and coffee which it roasts. Meat from the plant will also go to local supermarkets. We think there is a natural tendency for tribes to fit in farm-to-table. It s part of who we are Berrey says. The tribe is putting a lot of emphasis on quality control and is being advised by Temple Grandin a professor at Colorado State University who has expertise in livestock behavior and welfare. Laboratory classroom and test kitchen space will be available for students from Oklahoma State University Northeast Oklahoma A&M College Missouri State University and the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville Berrey says. We can take them through the facility and they can learn about producing a high-quality product. Our Investment 300 Million to Improve Quality of Life for Native Americans Collaborating with 1 000 partners on 60 remote reservations we provide immediate relief and support long-term solutions for year-round impact. Your Investment Work with us to provide education and leadership development and champion hope for a brighter future in tribal communities. Serving Native Americans with the highest need in the U.S. Contact Mark Ford (214) 217-2600 x118 NativePartnership.org Native American owned and operated with professionally trained accountants who understand the nuances unique to Native governments ensuring you... ...Peace of Mind PROFESSIONALLY TRAINED COMMITTED HIGH TECH CERTIFIED www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 23 (505) 798-2550 info mccabecpa.com At night when the streets of your cities and villages are silent and you think them deserted they will throng with the returning hosts that once filled them and still love this beautiful land. The White Man will never be alone. Let him be just and deal kindly with my people for the dead are not powerless. Dead did I say There is no death only a change of worlds. CHIEF SI AHL (SEATTLE) 1854 24 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com FEATURE COUNTING COUP Treaties & Broken Promises PART THREE OF A FOUR PART SERIES BY ROBIN A. LADUE www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 25 he first two articles of this series focused on the present conflicts between tribes and between tribal members and tribal councils. These conflicts while often based on economics and sadly too often greed commonly date back to the days of the writing implementation and breaking of the treaties between the United States and various tribal governments. In this article I explore the historical basis of inter and intra tribal conflicts which takes place across Indian Country. In this time of political upheaval and uncertainty it is even more troubling that such conflicts are so prevalent. Certainly the frequent and serious conflicts interfere with the economic success so 26 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com often needed in Indian Country. One of the most troubling tribal situations is that of the Nooksack Tribe of northwestern Washington which was covered in a previous article about disenrollment. While the Nooksack Tribe were part of the Point Elliott Treaty they were not given trust land. It was expected that after the implementation of the 1855 Point Elliot Treaty they would move onto the Lummi Nation reservation. Because they were not given separate trust land they were not recognized as a tribe until 1971 with full treaty rights such as hunting and fishing in their ancestral lands being granted in 1974. The subsequent problems that have wracked the tribe have their roots in the tribe s past dating back to 1855. The Nooksack Tribe s woes have their roots going back decades and remain unresolved. While the tribe is small having approximately 2 000 members with a land base of 2 500 acres there has been a concerted effort on the part of the tribal council under the leadership of Bob Kelly to disenroll 306 tribal members. These tribal members constitute 15 percent of the tribe. While the tribal council has failed to hold required elections and the federal government has shut down the tribe s last standing casino the battle A Yakima warrior from the between the pur1913 book The crime against ported tribal council the Yakimas by Lucullus Virgil and the Nooksack McWhorter 306 has continued. In the 1980s a decade after the tribe received recognition the descendants of Annie George and her three daughters enrolled in the tribe. Annie George s name did not appear on the 1942 tribal rolls nor was she granted land. The three main families that were descended from Annie George included the Rabang Rapada and Narte-Gladstone. As noted in a High Country News article written by Ben Goldfarb in 2016 one of the concerns that was used as the basis for the disenrollment notices sent out to the Nooksack 306 which were sent in early 2013 was that the descendants of Annie George and her daughters were gaining too much power in the tribe. Goldfarb also stated that there was animosity dat- FEATURE ing back decades when several members of the Rabang family were convicted of smuggling drugs across the Canadian border. These long-standing problems resulted in a tribe being torn apart losing its primary source of revenues and losing the legitimacy of its tribal council. The problems among tribes resulting from the Stevens Treaties and how In 1852 General Ethan they were impleAllen Hitchcock notified mented included the Secretary of War (now the northwest tribes the Secretary of Indian giving up vast tracts Affairs) that white incursion of ancestral lands into Native lands brought and in theory on collisions with Native bringing the end of Americans warfare between historical enemies. In fact in the Northwest as settlers moved in from the south and the east the formal policy was the implementation of the reservation system. In 1852 General Ethan Allen Hitchcock notified the Secretary of War (now the Secretary of Indian Affairs) that white incursion into Native lands brought on collisions. White settlers wanted clear title to lands to homestead which were not available until all existing native rights were terminated. In 1850 Congress Sunset in the Rogue River extinguished the Wilderness area where Native American s conflicts between white rights to land in settlers and Native Americans Oregon west of culminated in the Rogue River the Cascades with Indian War the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850. In case it is believed that this policy has ended one need to look no further than the federal termination and relocation policies of the 1940s to 1970s ending under the Nixon Administration. There are now significant fears in Indian Country that with the advent of the Trump Administration and comments about the privatization of Indian lands this horrible racist and land stealing policy will continue. Regardless according to Scott McArthur in his book The Enemy Never Came The Civil War in the Pacific Northwest (2012) the Native population had been decimated by the 1830 epidemics of malaria and other foreign diseases with only 7 000 Native people in Oregon and 17 000 in the Washington Territory remaining. Under the Donation Land Claim Act 15 treaties were made with Pacific Northwest Native people collectively known as the Stevens Treaties. Tribes had to relinquish land claims move onto reservations and acknowledge federal jurisdiction. They retained fishing rights but had to adopt European styles of living. It is possible to see how these components have led to the never-ending conflicts between tribes tribes and local governments tribes and state governments and tribes and the federal government. The complete lack of the white federal government understanding the lives cultures and values of tribes is echoed in today s strug- gles of tribal sovereignty land rights and fishing rights. At the heart of these struggles is the economic cultural and basic survival of Native Americans. McArthur found many reasons as to why the reservation policy did not work. Among them Battles between warring tribes forced on to the same reservation eroded the expressed goal of the reservation policy Congress was slow in ratifying treaties The promised goods and supplies were slow in arriving if at all Government Indian agents were corrupted or incompetent. Valuable natural resources led to the theft of land and tribal rights on the parts of the miners and others. Again one only needs to look back a year to see the same battles between the Water Warriors of Oceti Sakowin and the mercenaries and militarized police to see that these issues are far from being settled. The tribes deeply resented the invasions of their lands. Three wars broke out between the settlers and the indigenous peoples of the lands the The Rogue River Wars The Yakima War and the Utter-Van Ornum massacre. An article in the Weekly Oregonian from October 20 1855 stated These inhuman Library of Congress Bureau of Land Management www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 27 FEATURE Joe Mabel The arrival of settlers whose homes are preserved in Ferndale Washington put pressure on governments to give them property rights--to the detriment of Native Americans butchers and blood fiends must be met and conquered vanquished--yes E X T E R M I N ATED or we can never hope for or expect peace prosperity or safety. What McArthur labels as uprisings and rebellions were in fact Native people fighting to survive and retain their lands and their cultures against theft destruction and disease. It is this attitude as displayed by McArthur and others even into the present that shows a complete lack of understanding of tribal band and family affiliations. The whole point of U.S. policy towards the indigenous peoples of this land was annihilation and so-called assimilation. These policies continue to this day. Sadly to say this attitude is still present with the incredible ignorance and arrogance of a man named Tom Balek writer of the conservative blog Rockin on the Right Side. He wrote a diatribe in April 2017 about terminating the tribes as they have been used by big-government and left-wing organizations to seize property wealth and control from landowners and taxpayers. The bigotry and yes stupidity expressed by Balek is not different than the statement by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence that Native people are merciless Indian savages. The lengthy background provided above is the foundation of the reasons for the reservation system in this case in the Pacific Northwest. This has led to actions involving tribe against tribe tribal members against tribal council members and tribes against local state and federal governments. Under the reservation system tribal people were forced into smaller and smaller areas--sometimes with traditional warring tribes. Tribal people went from subsistence living into dependence on farming on very poor land and government commodities. The forcing of tribal governments into tribal councils ignored the role of hereditary chiefs and government. It pitted traditional tribal groups against tribal groups and families against families.The problem of graft and corruption of tribal leaders emerged. The success of gaming led to anger against the success of Native people. In examining these factors what becomes clear is that the losses of culture land language children (through forced removal from their families into boarding schools) the loss of traditional leadership and the forces that are attempting to block tribal sovereignty and success have often resulted in the problems that lead to a lack of stability and success in Indian Country. There is no doubt that the oppression racism and active efforts of communities and governments to stifle Native success has been internalized. So-called Indian experts such as Naomi Schaefer Riley who wrote a book called The New Trail of Tears How Washington is Destroying American Indians and Tom Belak are simply perpetuating the myths of Indian incompetency. While there is no doubt that struggles and problems exist in Indian Country there are also tremendous successes and a strong commitment to resolving the conflicts discussed as well as making a better world for the next seven generations. Indian Country has no need for non-Native people telling us how to live. I was corresponding to a woman on Facebook who was advocating the participation of non-Native people in our traditional ceremonies and practices. She became quite offended when I said it was not appropriate for her to do so as she did not live in the culture where these ceremonies rest. One of the responses I got was Were these casino Indians or 7 11 Indians This man made my point about the resentment that non-Native people have towards Native people succeeding. We cannot allow ourselves to stand in the way of success of all tribal people. We are intelligent brave and capable people. My own tribe went from being the only state recognized tribe about 20 years ago to a successful and forward-thinking tribe. People such as Tom Belak and Naomi Riley need to sit back listen learn and put their computers down. We can speak for ourselves. And we are. ROBIN A. LADUE PHD IS A RETIRED CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST. SHE IS AN ENROLLED MEMBER OF THE COWLITZ INDIAN TRIBE OF WESTERN WASHINGTON. SHE HAS WORKED AROUND THE WORLD IN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES TO ADDRESS THE LONG-TERM IMPACTS OF HISTORICAL TRAUMA AND THE IMPACT OF FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDER IN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES. SHE IS THE AWARDWINNING AUTHOR OF THE JOURNEY THROUGH THE HEALING CIRCLE SERIES AND OF THE HISTORICAL FICTION NOVEL TOTEMS OF SEPTEMBER. 28 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com INSIGHT RISES IN THE WEST The sun rises on your tribe s culture and sovereignty. That s why it s important to stay up-to-date with information relevant to your tribe or tribal enterprise. Discover how our industry-specific online resources can help you thrive. WE MAKE LOANS IN INDIAN COUNTRY MOS SA DA MS.COM TRIBES CLEARINGHOUSE CDFI ADDRESSES UNMET CREDIT NEEDS IN v COMMUNITIES RISE WITH THE WEST. APACHE RAILWAY LOAN AMOUNT 2.5 million LOCATION Snowflake AZ IMPACT To restore a critical piece of infrastructure in Navajo County. Assurance tax and consulting offered through Moss Adams LLP. Wealth management provided by Moss Adams Wealth Advisors LLC. Investment banking offered through Moss Adams Capital LLC. PINOLEVILLE POMO NATION LOAN AMOUNT 90% participation a 2 240 000 loan LOCATION Ukiah CA IMPACT Acquisition of 8.8 Acres of Tribal Land to further tribal enterprises Clearinghouse Community Development Financial Institution is a Full-Service Direct Lender Specializing in loans for Economic Community Development Housing Infrastructure Health Care & Educational Facilities & More With Financing for On Off Reservation Projects WWW.CCDFI.COM (800) 445-2142 2017 All Rights Reserved. This institution is an equal opportunity provider. Dept. of Corp. Finance Lender License 6035497 CA. Foreign Corp. License C20111025-1584 NV. Business License NV20111673156 NV Commercial. Mortgage Banker License CBKBR 0121262 AZ. www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 29 Communities Safer BY MABEL TSOSIE rowing up on the Navajo Reservation I ve witnessed the days where children played outside of their homes without any concerns. It was the most beautiful open space we had as our playground and we ran freely for hours. With the recent crime reports sadly this is not the case anymore. The very nature of the crimes coming out of our reservations tugs at the heart strings. I can t help but wonder how we as Native American business owners can help. The need to help seems to come with a sense of urgency. Today as a proud Dine (Navajo) tribal member and business owner I often wonder how I can remain true to the teachings our elders passed on to us. Our elders taught us that self-reliance is the hub of everything we set out to do in life. My grandfather also told me to never turn my back on my own people. With our elder s teaching coupled with my busi30 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com Making our Tribal ness I ask myself what is the contribution to give back to our communities I believe helping makes our tribal communities safer. It s about respecting our roots and our Nation. After working in both public and private sectors I ve come to realize the way I want to help Tribes will be hard if I work for other organizations or companies. The strong urge to return service tailored to indigenous needs is getting stronger each year and this is the reason I started Spottedhorse Infosystems in 2012. With Unbridled Passion for Digital Information Spottedhorse Infosystems provides business support services with an emphasis in computer information systems. Could ambassadors like technology corporations National Congress of American Indians and Native American owned businesses guide Tribes by vocalizing the urgency of a unified and stabilized public safety record management system help us move towards safer communities With technology complexities increasing and challenges of heightened level of crime facing tribal law enforcement we cannot wait any longer. We as indigenous stakeholders should join forces with ambassadors who will help us identify emerging best practices and known technology solutions leveraging digital data to bring criminals to light which will lead to safer Tribal communities. Top technology forums and articles speak about the flood of digital data coming from the use of mobile phones tablets laptops and desktops that could be used to determine immediate action for criminal activities. Some large federal safety and law agencies now have massive expertise along with sophisticated digital investigative computer offices. Back home in our rural reservation communities we are far from such technology advancements. At a recent networking event I met Mary Lucas president and owner of igital Control Systems Inc. where we immediately found our common ground to be in digital information. She was there in order to bring awareness of the DOJ s attempts and challenges of providing the tribal police departments with their own access to the National Crime Information Center (NCIC). I shared with her some of the challeng- 1 PUBLIC SAFETY es we are facing back home where we are in dire need of technology systems that will not only help save lives but also help tribal organizations communities and businesses move towards economic development. After several discussions I recognized DCS as an ambassador so we joined forces and Spottedhorse Infosystems partnered up with them. DCS is staffed with professionals who are in the trenches already working with high-profile organizations providing public safety and correctional software solutions. To help us start on a path to a solution DCS is willing to put in place a free system hosted by them that will provide the capability of centralizing a master name search for all to use. With authorized access the tribes will be able to enter names and the basic details about an incident that has taken place on their land. The centralized master name search will continue to grow as participation increases. Having worked in the public safety software industry since 1983 DCS has seen a significant change in the way law enforcement operates. Today a critical division of public safety is the automated flow of information. Information allows officers or public safety servants to attain the highest level of service and safety to their communities and themselves. Data is a weapon data is protection and data is knowledge. Data is paramount and serves as one of the most important officer safety tools. Whether on the way to an incident or investigating a crime a name can change everything it is all that is needed. The DCS hosted system has been named Arrow because according to some Native American culture arrows represent defense and protection. Although the federal government has increased its involvement in tribal public safety and justice the primary responsibility for public safety still rests with tribal state and local governments. The National Congress of American Indians founded in 1944 is the oldest largest and most representative American Indian and Alaska Native organization serving the broad interests of tribal governments and communities. The NCAI has established a special committee dedicated to protecting and serving Indian Country called the Tribal Interior Budget Council Public Safety and Justice Workshop. Discussions continue about the understanding or lack thereof the complex programs in the DOJ and The BIA concerning public safety and violence against women in Native America. American Indians are 2.5 times more likely to experience sexual assault crimes compared to all other races and one in three Indian women reports having been raped during her lifetime. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (DOJ) Studies began in 2014 and ended in 2017. The Federal Government has been slow to act on a concern that is imperative and crucial to the safety of all Native Americans. Financials are the main inhibitor to Indian Country having access to secure Public Safety in their communities. In the 2015 Tribal Consultant Report by the United States of Justice Office of Violence Against Women the main topic expressed by Tribal representatives was government grants. Often times the funding is very competitive. The amount of the awards are limited and distributed slowly. With over 500 federally recognized tribes funds are also not guaranteed for the future. Mabel Tsosie is president of Spottedhorse Infosystems LLC a Native American owned computer and business management professional service provider. It also provides tribal liaison services. Tsosie may be reached at (602) 769-0389 or mabel spottedhorseis.net. Visit its website at www.spottedhorseis.net. DCS Inc. a GSA federal contractor (Schedule 70) has been providing proven software solutions for law enforcement fire and the criminal justice communities since 1987. It may be reached at (843) 285-2190 or by emailing wendy dcs911. com. Visit its website at www.dcs911.com. www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 31 Finding Peace INDIAN COUNTRY GIVES SOLACE AMID ENVIRONMENTAL WORRIES BY LEVI RICKERT uring her keynote address at the 19th annual American Indian Tourism Conference on the Oneida Indian Reservation near Green Bay Wisconsin Quinault Indian Nation President Fawn Sharp said there is something quite authentic about Indian Country. 32 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com SPECIAL REPORT TOURISM NIGA Chairman Ernie Stevens Jr. Quinalt Indian Nation President Fawn Sharp She spoke to the 250 attendees a few days after Hurricane Irma ravaged parts of the Caribbean and southern Florida. Sharp said as people begin to realize climate change is real as evidenced by the increase of hurricanes they will look for refuge in places where people still respect Mother Earth and consider the connection between our planet and their spirituality. When you come to Indian Country you can find peace because that is where you can find balance between the outside world. Unfortunately much of the outside world has been destroyed. Indian Country is the place people can find such solace says Sharp. At the heart of who we are we are taught to take care of Mother Earth states Sharp. People will find comfort Indian Country. Sharp who has done work on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as an advocate to protect tribal lands and sovereignty says when she talks with foreign government officials and the international press they always want to learn more about Indian Country. The world wants to know about us who we are and other lands. It is time for tribes to get involved with Indian Country tourism Sharp told the conference attendees. The luncheon speaker Ernie Stevens Jr. chairman of the National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA) echoed Sharp s assessment of Indian Country tourism. As chairman of NIGA Stevens focus is to increase Indian gaming among tribal casinos. He sees collaborating with American Indian Alaska Native Tourism Association (AIANTA) as important to get more non-Native people onto tribal lands as a benefit to all. Indian Country will continue to move forward even in hard political times. Tourism in Indian Country puts us at a higher place in the minds of those who visit us. And a higher place creates a better world for us stated Stevens. The tourism business is big. Cultural tourism helps to make our tribal economies grow. The two keynote addresses were music to the ears of AIANTA the sponsoring organization of the tourism conference because as an organization one of its major goals is to attract more tourists to Indian Country. AIANTA is the only organization specifically dedicated to advancing Indian Country tourism in the United States. The organization serves as the voice and resource for tribes and tribal organizations engaged in cultural tourism. The annual American Indian Tourism Conference provided a high-quality educational forum for tribes tribal businesses and other attendees to help them with their tourism development and marketing initiatives. Since its inception AIANTA has worked hard to attract more domestic travelers to visit Indian Country. However in recent years AIANTA has expanded its reach to the international traveler. Representatives of AIANTA have traveled abroad to tout Indian Country in Germany and Italy. AIANTA s efforts are paying off. During 2016 there were 1.9 million overseas visitors to Indian Country which represents a 180 percent increase over the previous year. According to AIANTA s travel forecast it is estimated by 2021 48 642 jobs will be supported by international travelers to the United States who visit Indian Country. To get tribes ready for this projected upswing in international travelers into Indian Country the organization developed technical assistance and training for tribes and businesses from throughout the United States. Earlier this year AIANTA launched a two-day training seminar called Go International which addresses a multitude of topics and utilizes AIANTA s expert partners and educators to ensure tribes and businesses are international market-ready. Last year AIANTA developed a website (NativeAmerica. Travel) that is dedicated to Indian Country tourism. It is a unique marketing opportunity for all 567 federally recognized tribes to utilize in promoting their travel industry endeavors. Since September 2016 the website increased its website visits five-fold. The good news for Indian Country is AIANTA is doing its job to create an attraction for more non-Native people to visit tribal lands for positive cultural exchanges and to experience the solace President Sharp talked about in her conference address. www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 33 ASU s American Indian Studies HELPING GRADUATES PREPARE FOR CAREERS BY JANEE DOXTATOR-ANDREWS rizona State University s American Indian Studies (AIS) program affords students the opportunity to study issues of American Indian nations within domestic and international contexts. Supported by the histories languages cultures and arts the program encompasses these areas of emphasis legal policy community and economic development and arts languages and culture. AIS graduates are prepared for careers on the tribal state and federal government levels. Protecting the uniqueness of the indigenous people of North America the AIS program constructs a learning environment encouraging critical and creative thought which is crucial in our current era. In the wake of the Trump administration the 19th annual American Indian Studies Association Conference looks to answer how American Indian and Alaska Native studies can find ways to address the political environmental and social tur34 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com moil we are now experiencing. Preparing the next generation of Native youth through such programs to mindfully resist settler nationalism will require radical indigenous theory and a practice that disrupts the change of Trump s discourse. The conference will also speak to the mobilization of American Indians and the efforts to protect our lands cultural rights and tribal sovereignty. Our tribal communities often express discontent and resilience through art education and tribal governance. American Indian nations can persevere through these challenging times and address the political environmental and social turmoil with respect to the diversity and promoting equality on behalf of everyone with your help. The organizers of the AISA Conference welcome proposals for paper and panel presentations posters roundtables film screenings and workshops with consideration given to other TRADE ASSOCIATION PARTNERS ASU s American Indian Studies program board and to create a learning environment conducive to critical and creative thought. The program not only stresses sound academic preparation in the classroom but also encourages students to interact and conduct research with American Indian governments and organizations. Additionally the program emphasizes the continued effort of the university to form strong partnerships with American WHAT IS THE ASU AMERICAN INDIAN STUDIES Indian Nations at the local regional and national PROGRAM AND HOW WAS IT ESTABLISHED Arizona State University offers one of the most levels. Since its inception AIS has become a leadcomprehensive American Indian Studies (AIS) pro- ing undergraduate program in what is still a burgrams in the nation. In 1993 myself and another geoning academic field. In 2012 AIS established a faculty member in the school of justice studies Car- master s degree with concentrations in indigenous ol Chiago Lujan (Navajo) established the American rights and social justice and tribal leadership and Indian Justice Studies Certificate Program to enable governance. The essence of AIS is expressed in its paradigm students to learn about American Indian sovereignty The American Indian Studies paradigm is and federal American Indian law and policy. Because grounded in the exof the certificate properiences of Amergram s success the Naican Indian nations tive faculty decided to peoples communities push for the establishLocation 250 Lemon St. and organizations ing of a stand-alone AIS Tempe AZ 85287 from American Indiprogram. Achieving Director Dr. James Riding In an perspectives. Its this status in 2001 AIS Established 2001 principles are rooted began the process of Mission To prepare scholars who are proactive in the concepts of building its curriculum and critical thinkers grounded in the sovereignty and inand hiring a faculty. AIS histories languages cultures arts and digenousness. It recoffers both a bachelor contemporary realities of American ognizes that disparate of science degree and a Indian nations and peoples through an worldviews literaminor in American Indiacademic program designed to protect tures knowledge sysan Studies. the integrity identity and sovereignty tems political strucAIS is designed to for the Indigenous populations of tures and languages protect the integrity North America and the World. characterize American and identity of the inIndian societies within digenous populations the United States but of North America topics that relate to American Indian issues. Led by interim director Dr. James Riding In AIS is striving to not only be important and relevant to Native nations organizations and peoples but also to society as a whole. Riding spoke with TBJ about ASU s AIS department and its programs. The Facts www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 35 Professor Myla Vicenti-Carpio presents the Dean s Medal to American Indian Studies and film and media studies graduate Cameron Mundo during the American Indian Convocation in spring 2016. Photo by Deanna Dent ASU Now that they share commonalities that link them with other indigenous peoples of the world. It acknowledges that colonialism has impacted the sovereignty human rights landholdings religious freedom health welfare and cultural integrity of American Indian nations. AIS focuses on the protection and strengthening of American Indian sovereignty self-determination self-sufficiency and human rights. AIS faculty must view their teaching research and service as a sacred responsibility to American Indian nations undertaken for the sake of cultural survival. AIS provides a curriculum for the intellectual ethical and social development of students so they will acquire a comprehensive and practical understanding of U.S. Indian law and policy colonization decolonization and nation building. AIS privileges oral history and traditional knowledge while promoting collaborative community-based research methods that transcend disciplinary boundaries. It calls for partnerships with Indian nations communities and organizations that seek tangible and sensible solutions rooted in indigenous and non-indigenous knowledge to address problems facing American Indian nations. It acknowledges that American Indian concepts of living in a balanced harmonious and reciprocal relationship with our Earth Mother have a place in dialogues concerning sustainable communities 36 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com climatic change environmental degradation and justice. It trains future leaders and intellectuals to meet challenges of an ever-changing world. WHAT WAS GOING ON IN INDIAN COUNTRY THAT INFLUENCED THE CREATION OF THE ASU AMERICAN INDIAN STUDIES PROGRAM American Indian nations organizations and peoples face unique challenges that require the implementation of extraordinary efforts. These challenges mostly stem from the subjugation of American Indian nations under U.S. colonial domination in the 1800s to the present. For years American Indian leaders have been struggling to preserve our sovereignty cultures lands religious freedom and human rights. During the late 1960s visionary American Indian scholars such as Elizabeth Cook-Lynn [Crow Creek Sioux Tribe] Vine Deloria Jr. [the late director of the National Congress of American Indians] Rupert Costo [Cahuilla the late founder of the American Indian Historical Society] Roger Buffalohead [Ponca the late chairperson of the Department of Indian Studies at the University of Minnesota] Alfonso Ortiz [Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo the late president of the Association on American Indian Affairs] and Bea Medicine [Lakota and the late educator and anthropologist] viewed universities as places where research teaching and service should serve TRADE ASSOCIATION PARTNERS the needs of American Indian governments. Their efforts gave rise to the establishment of the AIS programs we have today. Unfortunately many colleges and universities only have made token gestures toward establishing meaningful AIS academic units. ASU and a few other universities have provided the support to enable their AIS programs to become integral to that campus s intellectual environment. CAN YOU EXPLAIN THE IMPORTANCE OF THE AIS AND ITS OFFERINGS AIS has assembled a strong faculty whose research teaching and service transcends disciplinary boundaries. Our model of academic excellence encourages faculty and students to engage in meaningful discussions about American Indian matters in compelling critical and innovative ways. With our faculty having expertise in history U.S. law and policy sociology education philosophy and American Indian Studies along with our lifelong experiences living and working in Indian Country AIS has become increasingly more determined than ever to prepare its students for careers in the public and private sectors while providing them useful theoretical practical and culturally-based knowledge and skills. AIS functions as a center for stimulating faculty and student thinking about new critical and exciting ways to discussion articulate and research issues pertaining to American Indian sovereignty and indigeneity while making our scholarship relevant and solution-driven to American Indian nations communities and students as well as others. WHAT ARE SOME OF THE CURRENT AIS INITIATIVES AND HOW WILL THESE EFFORTS BETTER THE STUDENT BODY AND BEYOND AIS uses its limited resources to promote faculty research and development enhance the intellectual environment with guest speakers initiate collaborative projects with other ASU units and Indian nations while supporting student development and activities. Our location in a state and geographic region with one of the largest U.S. American Indian populations makes our mission even more important and ASU central to the needs of Indian Country. AIS distinguish speaker series features alumni whose works are making a difference in Indian Country. We have established an interdisciplinary certificate program and degree programs with other ASU academic units (Politics and Global Studies Leadership & Management and Public Administration Programs) at the Tempe and downtown Phoenix campuses. We provide internship opportunities for undergraduate and graduate students across In- dian Country and in Washington D.C. AIS is also the home of Wicazo Sa Review A Journal of Native American Studies a leading interdisciplinary periodical devoted to publishing new thought in AIS and to disseminating original research concerning historical contemporary political legal religious environmental and other matters. Our faculty conducts research on health issues human rights violations language revitalization border town violence self-governance leadership intellectual history and urban histories from an American Indian perspective. They have served as expert witnesses in legal cases about sports mascots sacred places and religious freedom. The AIS faculty consists of myself James Riding In Pawnee and interim director Myla Vicenti Carpio Jicarilla Apache Laguna and Isleta David Martinez Gila River Pima Michelle Hale Navajo Laguna Ottawa Leo Killsback Northern Cheyenne Tennille Marley White Mountain Apache Mary Eunice Romero-Little Cochiti Pueblo Cheryl Bennett Navajo Comanche and Jolyana Begay Navajo. WHAT IS THE AMERICAN INDIAN STUDIES ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE AND WHAT CAN ATTENDEES EXPECT THIS YEAR During the early 2000s AIS faculty played a leading role in the development of the American Indian Studies Consortium later renamed the American Indian Studies Association (AISA). This association s annual conference brings together over a hundred scholars graduate students undergraduate students and community members in a dynamic atmosphere that encourages the free exchange of ideas and research. Until 2014 ASU hosted the annual AISA conferences but now the Native American Studies Program at the University of New Mexico holds the conference every other year. The 19th annual AISA conference will be held at ASU in Tempe on February 1st and 2nd 2018. The theme is Unsettling American History American Indian Studies in the Time of the Trump Administration White Supremacy and Settler Nationalism. WHAT IS THE ASU AMERICAN INDIAN STUDIES PROGRAM S VISION FOR THE FUTURE AIS plans to grow by changing from a program to a School of Indigenous Studies establishing several endowed chairs and developing a doctoral program. We seek to provide meaningful service to American Indian nations organizations and people. For more information about Arizona State University s American Indian Studies Program visit the website at https americanindian.clas.asu.edu. JANEE DOXTATORANDREWS (ONEIDA NATION OF WISCONSIN) IS THE OWNER OF DOXTATOR MARKETING & COMMUNICATIONS. surpasses non-tribal casinos BY NICK SORTAL here are the types of casinos you see in Las Vegas Atlantic City and Biloxi Miss. managed by major casino companies and often publicly traded. Then there are the 494 Native American casinos--the majority of which collect less than 25 million in annual revenues. Guess which group is overall making the most money (Hint This is a publication about Native American business.) The most recent figures show that gamblers now spend more at Native American casinos nationwide than they do at traditional commercial casinos. Alan Meister principal economist for Nathan Associates in Irvine California highlighted the shift earlier this year when he released his 15th annual Casino City s Indian Gaming Industry Report with revenue figures for 2015. (It takes some time to compile the data because most Native American casinos don t have to reveal their revenues.) Meister computes that 30.5 billion was gambled at Native American casinos in 2015 compared to 29.8 billion at commercial casinos. Racetrack casinos (think of your nearby horse track or dog track and their efforts to add slots) were good for another 8.5 billion. Indian gaming began booming only about 25 years ago three decades behind Las Vegas and Meister sees even more growth. There are some markets that are not yet mature he says. Some Indian casinos could also increase business if they attain compacts with their states. NICK SORTAL IS Federal law allows casinos without compacts to BASED IN PLANTATION operate only Class II bingo-style slots a compact FLORIDA AND WRITES would mean more entertaining (i.e. lucrative) slot FOR THE MIAMI machine titles. HERALD CDC GAMING The top Native American casinos--Foxwoods REPORTS AND OTHER Mohegan Sun and Seminole Hard Rock Tampa-- PUBLICATIONS. REACH are relatively well known but those are just the HIM AT NICKSORTAL top end of the 494 Native American casinos dotted BELLSOUTH.NET. across the 28 states. Meister found that these casinos generally are faring well amid a slow growth economy. But Meister stresses that there is a great disparity among tribes 57 percent of the casinos collect 25 million or less. For a lot of small facilities they re just helping the tribes to provide jobs he says. This year commissioned by the American Gaming Association Meister computed total economic impact figures taking the revenue numbers and employing what economists call a multiplier effect. We re talking about how money trickles down through the economy Meister says. His numbers That 30 billion per year translates to 96.6 billion in output. Tribal gaming is by far the biggest driver in Indian economies. Non-gaming businesses account for about 3.9 billion according to Meister. The tribes have done a good job learning from commercial casinos Meister notes. The tribes non-gaming casino revenues also increased 4.5 percent to 3.9 billion. Tribal gaming has continued to follow the trend of adding more nongaming amenities he says. Nowhere is this trend more true than commercial casinos in Las Vegas where nongaming revenue is greater than gaming revenue. Meanwhile tribal leaders say they define progress not by bigger houses or cars but by providing optimal health care and education to members. Some are still living in poverty and it s hard to have meaningful discussion with policy makers when they have this notion that all tribes are rich says Mark Macarro chairman of the Pechanga Band of Luseno Indians e in California. Added Ernie Stevens Jr. chairman of the National Indian Gaming Association We re still trying to negotiate with folks who don t understand what a good tradeoff is. Macarro said it s important that gambling creates a revenue stream for cultural and sacred sight protection. Indian gaming GAMING He says the tribe had a 2 000-year-old live oak endangered by a power line about 15 years ago. Another time a mining company was going to build a pit near a cultural site. We were able to get that mine to go away and the powerline was moved to more than 200 feet away from the tree Macarro says. Those two things would not have been possible without Indian gaming. The future may include sports betting fantasy sports internet gaming and social gaming but Macarro says In terms of what we re doing we need to protect our brick and mortar. Everything flows from that. But he also cites population stats declaring that the U.S. has 78 million Baby Boomers 69 million Gen Xers but 100 million Millennials. So knowing when the shift happens is going to be critical and we need to be ready for that he says. Top states for Indian gaming revenue California Oklahoma Florida Washington Arizona 7.9 billion 4.2 billion 2.6 billion 2.5 billion 1.9 billion Indian Gaming Facts Fourth Annual Tribal Government E-Commerce CLE Conference Presented by Rosette LLP American Indian Economic Development Program In calendar year 2015 there were 242 Native American tribes operating nearly 357 000 gaming machines and nearly 7 700 table games in 494 gaming facilities across 28 states. Gaming revenue at Indian gaming facilities nationwide grew approximately 5.5 percent in 2015 to an all-time high of approximately 30.5 billion. 2015 was the sixth consecutive year of growth for Indian gaming. Indian gaming became the largest casino gaming segment generating 44.3 percent of all U.S. casino gaming revenue in 2015. The growth rate of non-gaming revenue at Indian gaming facilities (4.5 percent) was strong but slightly less than that of gaming revenue. There continued to be a wide disparity in the performance of Indian gaming. Gaming revenue grew in 24 states including double-digit growth in four states. However gaming revenue declined in four states including a double-digit decline in one state. The top two states generated approximately 40 percent of total gaming revenue at Indian gaming facilities the top five states generated about 63 percent and the top 10 states generated 85 percent. Indian gaming facilities including non-gaming operations directly and indirectly generated approximately 103 billion in output 770 000 jobs 35.5 billion in wages 1.76 billion in direct revenue sharing payments to federal state and local governments and 10.5 billion in federal state and local taxes. SOURCE Alan Meister Nathan Associates Wiring the Rez Innovative Strategies for Business Development Via E-Commerce Conference February 1-2 2018 Wild Horse Pass Hotel & Casino Chandler AZ Register now at law.asu.edu ecommerce2018 Indian Legal Program www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 39 FINANCIAL SERVICES A MORAL OBLIGATION OF THE HIGHEST RESPONSIBILITY BY GARY DAVIS heeseekau the older brother of noted Shawnee leader Tecumseh once lamented that when European and American settler armies defeated a tribe in battle it was always heralded as a great victory. However if the Indians won the fight it was characterized as a massacre. Despite a modern federal Indian policy that preaches self-determination sovereignty and economic development some in the federal government still subscribe to an approach to tribal nations better suited to eras of removal and termination. Recently the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) took action against a loan aggregator called Zero Parallel for allegedly connecting potential borrowers with lenders that made loans they could not legally collect. In the agency s press release on the order its director Richard Cordray touted how the CFPB was steering consumers from a bad deal. The order included a fine of 100 000 and ban on doing business in 17 different states. One provision of the consent order with Zero Parallel in particular harkens back to a federal Indian policy more concerned with great victories than tribal self-determination. It reads .... no Person may take into consideration any contention that state or federal law is inapplicable or that lenders are not subject to state or federal law because of lender sovereignty or a lender s foreign offshore or tribal status or affiliation or because of choice of foreign or tribal law. This section of the CFPB s order effectively prioritizes state 40 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com Tribal Sovereignty IT IS NOW THE TIME FOR INDIAN COUNTRY TO UNITE... law over tribal sovereignty and economic self-determination. Georgia once tried to impose its will and laws on the Cherokee people and those that wished to lawfully engage with the tribe. The U.S. Supreme Court powerfully held that state law has no force in Indian Country. Nearly two centuries later it is not a state this time hoping to claim the riches of the land from its original occupants it is an unaccountable federal agency intent on crushing one of the few viable economic opportunities for tribes in remote areas. Without our adherence to Chief Justice Marshall s guidance tribes would have never bucked state gaming laws and grown tribal casinos to a 35 billion industry. What makes the CFPB s action so much worse is that the agency is violating the federal trust responsibility to tribes a moral obligation of the highest responsibility. This sets a dangerous precedent for the future of federal-tribal relations and one that could ultimately GARY DAVIS impact all 567 federally-recognized tribes. (CHEROKEE) The eras of removal of assimilation of termina- IS EXECUTIVE tion are over. No longer can the federal government DIRECTOR OF THE be concerned with great victories over Native Amer- NATIVE AMERICAN icans. It is now the time for Indian Country to unite FINANCIAL SERVICES and press for a restoration of the federal government s ASSOCIATION AND A trust responsibility before we are forced to lament the MEMBER OF THE TBJ massacre of tribal financial services. ADVISORY BOARD. 2017 CALENDAR November NACA 2017 FEDERAL CONTRACTING POLICY AND ADVOCACY CONFERENCE Washington DC http nativecontractors.org events naca-events naca2017 Nov 6-8 Nov 6-9 Nov 7-9 TRIBALNET 18TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE AND TRADESHOW Glendale Arizona www.tribalnetonline.com TRIBAL INTERIOR BUDGET COUNCIL Washington Plaza 10 Thomas Circle NW Washington DC www.ncai.org TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE FIRST QUARTERLY MEETING Washington DC Location TBD www.ncai.org Jan 23-25 2018 January 2018 EXECUTIVE COUNCIL WINTER SESSION Washington DC www.ncai.org Feb 12-15 2018 February March NATIONAL RES LAS VEGAS Las Vegas NV NCAIED.org March 5-8 2018 TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE SECOND QUARTERLY MEETING Embassy Suites DC-Convention Center Washington DC www.ncai.org March 27-29 2018 Detail of totem pole Tribal Business Journal compiles a monthly calendar of economic development events in Indian Country. If you have an event you would like to have published please send information eight weeks in advance of the event to Andrea Richard associate editor at arichard SFBWmag.com. www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 41 The Killer in Our Midst WHAT ARE OPIOIDS ANYWAY BY CORY LITTLEPAGE lmost every one of us in Indian Country has lost someone special to substance abuse. According to the National Center for Health Statistics Native American deaths involving opioids nearly quadrupled from 1993 to 2013 and Illicit drug use among Native Americans is 12 percent the highest of any ethnicity. Ninety-one Americans die every day from opioid overdoses. Drug overdose deaths are now the leading cause of injury death in the United States. But do we really know what opioids are After spending almost two years in Indian Country on this topic I think that all of us would benefit from knowing more about opioids. More specifically what opioids are used for the different types of opioids the different strength of opioids addiction risks and best practices to help avoid opioid misuse. Let s start off by acknowledging the fact that chronic pain is a real issue and there is clinical data that supports the role of opioids in treating pain. Living with chronic pain is incredibly difficult and effective pain management is important to getting your life back. However what is also real are the risks tied to opioid addiction and subsequent deaths connected to opioid abuse. Opioids are complex. So in simplistic terms they are a collection of drugs used to treat moderate to severe pain. When opioids act on the brain they cause brain cells to pump out a 42 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com chemical that can make you feel good similar to when you eat or exercise but that feeling can be whole a lot stronger. That high is one reason why so many people abuse opioids. Over time a person s body can become tolerant to the drug which means more opioids are needed to generate the same feeling and dependency is not too far behind. Taking too many opioids can stop a person s breathing which can lead to death. There are prescription opioids such as morphine codeine oxycodone hydrocodone and methadone. But there are also illegal opioids such as heroin that are very similar chemically to prescription opioids. Because of the similar effects heroin has to other opioids research suggests that opioid addiction opens the door to heroin use. In fact people addicted to opioids are 40 times more likely to be addicted to heroin. ADDICTION AND OVERDOSE In 2014 approximately 2 million Americans abused or were dependent on prescription opioids. While it varies from person to person an individual could become dependent in as little as one to two weeks. Anyone who takes prescription opioids can become addicted. In fact as many as one in four patients receiving long-term opioid therapy in a primary care setting struggles with opioid addiction. Once addicted it can be hard to stop. HEALTH CARE STRENGTH OF OPIOIDS Heroin is generally four times stronger than morphine and many times is laced with synthetic opioids. These synthetic opioids such as fentanyl or carfentanil can be 25 to 4 00 times more potent than heroin. Only two milligrams of carfentanil is needed to knock out a 2 000-pound elephant. Think about what this would do to a human scary TIPS TO HELP MINIMIZE THE RISK OF OPIOID DEPENDENCY OR ABUSE Always always always talk to your doctor about ways to manage your pain to understand the risks of each medication prescribed and any side effects. There are also multiple options available to manage pain that do not involve prescription opioids. Some of these options are natural and have fewer risks and side effects. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) Cognitive behavioral therapy--a psychological goal-directed approach in which patients learn how to modify physical behavioral and emotional triggers of pain and stress Exercise therapy including physical therapy Equine therapy Medications for depression or seizures Interventional therapies (injections) Exercise and weight loss Acupuncture and massage Keep track of your treatments Keep a list of the medications in your home especially those prone to abuse. Periodically count the medications remaining in the container and make sure that it s the correct amount according to the prescribed dosage. Store prescription opioids in a secure place Keep prescriptions out of reach from others including children family friends and visitors. Don t save for next time Once your condition has been treated properly dispose of the drugs following the guidance from the FDA (www.fda.gov Drugs ResourcesForYou). Never keep extra medication for potential use in the future. Don t share your medication The specific drug and dosage was selected specifically for the person it was prescribed for and could lead to dangerous drug interactions and serious side effects if used by someone else. Know what your medication does Follow the directions as explained by the label or pharmacist. Talk to your doctor but generally speaking don t take opioids with alcohol and other medications like Benzodiazepines (such as Xanax and Valium) Muscle relaxants (such as Soma or Flexeril) Hypnotics (such as Ambien or Lunesta) Other prescription opioids Talk to your kids Parents and elders can make a difference. Kids who learn about the risks of drugs at home are up to 50 percent less likely to use drugs than those who are not taught about the dangers. Teens are abusing everything from pain medicines to stimulants sedatives and tranquilizers. 23 percent of teens report taking a prescription drug not prescribed to them by a doctor at least once in their lives. 47 percent of teens say it is easy to get prescription drugs from a parent s medicine cabinet. Don t make it easy By following these simple steps you can prevent abuse and help save lives. CORY LITTLEPAGE (CHICKASAW NATION) IS THE FOUNDER AND CEO OF TRIBAL DIAGNOSTICS. www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 43 BUSINESS ETHICS Creating a True Narrative BY RANDALL G. SLIKKERS hile the concept of The Circle and thinking circular originates from the Native American community it has not become widespread throughout America. We see evidence of the use of linear thinking every day. We all know that by drawing lines we create corners. Backing people into corners often results in bad decision making. In also creates false narratives. With linear thinking imagine a straight horizontal line. You have the left and you have the right. Now imagine how many issues are looked at in a linear fashion. Is it black or white Are you conservative or liberal Are you rich or poor Skilled or inept The list goes on and on. By putting issues at each end you are automatically required to identify where you stand on that line. (Or someone places you on the line based on their judgment.) You become categorized. With circular thinking I use the example of a group of people standing in a circle with a person in the center holding a one-dollar bill. If you ask one person what they see in the middle of the bill they say George Washington. If you ask the person standing in the opposite direction what they see they would say a pyramid. With linear thinking one of these people must be wrong or lying. With circular thinking everyone on the circle has their own unique perspective and they are all equally valid. Those perspectives are respected and honored. Too many times the concept of linear thinking provides a false narrative. Take the example of climate change. RANDALL G. SLIKKERS One side feels that we must safeguard MBA IS PRESIDENT the planet and put into place laws and AND CEO OF regulations to ensure protection. The NONPROFITSTRONGER. other side feels that those regulations COM. CONTACT are too costly and obstruct business HIM AT (202) 888job growth and economic development. 1759 OR RANDY Linear thinking dictates you re either NONPROFITSTRONGER. pro-environment or pro-jobs. Each side COM stakes its claim and then digs in to defend it. By getting trapped into this false narrative original ideas and solutions are not explored to their fullest. If all sides were at the same table respecting and honoring each other s perspectives and working together towards solutions imagine the results that could be achieved. All the energies used to defend the linear positions could instead be used to find creative and innovative solutions. The leaders of tribal enterprises have the capacity to ensure that circular thinking and processing becomes the norm within their organization. This integration of the circular process does more for the promotion of ethical thinking and behaving than a large stack of policies and procedures. While they are important engaging and being involved in the circular thinking process demonstrates proactive and inclusive problem solving and leadership. Some simple methods that leadership can employ to ensure the process becomes part of the culture of your organization are INTRODUCE THE CONCEPT Make sure all your employees and leadership understand that your organization promotes the use of circular thinking and its basic tenets. DEMONSTRATE THE PROCESS Use current events and issues to hold meetings that demonstrate the process so that your employees not only see it action but see your management is committed to it. Utilize the process. Don t just roll out the process in times of crisis use it on a regular basis. BE DIVERSE Make sure that when issues are being discussed there are representatives from all levels of your organization not just management. Remember everyone s opinion and perspective is honored. The wider the circle the more diversity it brings. Always remember by being drawn into the linear way of thinking you box your employees and organization into a false narrative. Use one of the greatest strengths of the American Indian and Alaska Native community The Circle. CIRCULAR THINKING LAST LOOK Lola Cody (Navajo) was the winner of Best of Classification VI (Textiles) at the Santa Fe Indian Market Wool Bright So Right BY ANDREA RICHARD ola Cody began weaving at 5 years old but she didn t turn the tradition into a career until after marrying in the 1980s. Marriage allowed her financial freedom to pursue her art-making hand-woven wool rugs that would eventually win her numerous awards as she recently did at the 2017 Santa Fe Indian Market. Cody (Navajo) took home Best of Classification VI in the textiles category at the 96th annual market. My mother and grandmother were weavers so it was always in my home she recalls. I learned by watching them. While weaving is a popular tradition across Indian Country Cody says the process takes patience and what many might not realize is designing intricate patterns takes mathematical skills. There s designs--what is called reaching a pattern. There the Tortuga heel that design came from traders from a long time ago. And then there s a storm pattern which comes from the western side of my reservation. I wasn t raised traditionally my family didn t tell me about the mythology she says. And there s the number count. One of the stand-out qualities of her work not only the complex design patterns is her process. She raises nearly 40 churro sheep on the Navajo reservation where she lives in Arizona in which she sources for materials. I do everything from scratch she says. From raising the sheep to sitting down to weave Cody says the entire process can take up to several years to make one rug. She would weave for 14 hours a day for months to finish a rug. She has three children and her daughter Melissa Cody is an emerging weaver following in her mother s footsteps. www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 45 disaster strikes BY GLENN C. ZARING tribal council member and dear friend recently asked for help developing a family disaster preparedness plan. It seems her tribe no longer supports this activity or even provides information on how to prepare for problems like natural disasters and man-made issues. True her most likely challenges are heavy snow events and forest fires but the result is the same. Disruption of their lives. Having worked on this activity for years for tribes and others it made me reconsider what is really needed when the problem comes up. When you narrow the issue down it is one of communication. With all of the war talk going on internationally and severe weather events it is a good time to look at the challenge of communication within our tribal nations and how they can best take care of their people should hostilities break out or more natural disasters occur. One of the best at addressing this issue has been the National Tribal Emergency Management Council (NTEMC). For years this organization headquartered in the Northwest has taken a proactive-approach to raising concerns and addressing the needs of affiliate tribal nations as they work with federal state and local agencies. With more than 80 percent of the tribal nations located in the west the headquarters is better able to bring training services and exercises to a larger majority of the tribes in a more efficient and cost-effective manner Unfortunately many tribal nations have not engaged in this issue for many reasons such as lack of staff lack of funding and lack of understanding of the important realm of emergency management. Oftentimes we hear we ll work on it when the need arises. However one only needs to look to Texas the southeastern U.S. and the Caribbean to see that without proper planning waiting until the need arises could be too late. While serving as the public affairs officer for NTEMC we were constantly working with non-member tribes trying to convince them to join us in the fight for effective communication preparation and coordination for all indigenous peoples. The NTEMC has made great strides in its efforts as have a few other tribal organizations. However with no offense intended we are a long way from 46 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com Make plans before being ready and able to respond effectively when needed. The same can be said for most cities and states in the United States but that is not an excuse. We owe our people more and need to step up to the plate now while we still can. This leads to our current challenge. We can and should continue to pursue positive relationships with response agencies and groups. However we need to look to ourselves our tribes and our nations. What is difficult and uncomfortable to recognize is that if when the disaster strikes our land we are pretty much going to be on our own for some time. When we are hit by major floods or other life-threatening events we as leaders need to be able to communicate and reach out to our people. This must be done quickly and efficiently. FEMA and other agencies do not know our lands our people or our nations and they will apply cookie-cutter solutions that might work for some city somewhere but which will be totally inappropriate for getting out to our sheep camps fishing camps hogans and pueblos. As was told to my council friend You need to put a plan in place now. You need to understand the basic needs of your family. Think about how to have them come together at one place. How are you going to feed them What will they drink Where are they going to go to the bathroom What basic medicines will you need How will you house them and keep them warm How will you stay in touch with the outside world so that you will know what is going on out there How will you keep their spirits up How will you GLENN C. ZARING protect them (CHEROKEE) IS THE Most importantly How will you FORMER PUBLIC AFFAIRS do all of this for weeks and possibly DIRECTOR OF THE LITTLE months RIVER BAND OF OTTAWA Ask the questions now and honestly INDIANS BASED IN start working on the answers. Commu- MANISTEE MICHIGAN AND nicate plan at least on the base level OWNER OF TRIBAL PUBLIC and realize that doing so means that AFFAIRS ADVISOR (TPA2). you your family and your tribe have HE MAY BE REACHED AT a better chance of survival than most PUBLICAFFAIRSADVISOR people around you. GMAIL.COM. COMMUNICATIONS IT IS A GOOD TIME TO LOOK AT THE CHALLENGE OF COMMUNICATION WITHIN OUR TRIBAL NATIONS AND HOW THEY CAN BEST TAKE CARE OF THEIR PEOPLE SHOULD HOSTILITIES BREAK OUT OR MORE NATURAL DISASTERS OCCUR www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 47 TBJ PROFESSIONAL DIRECTORY PRINTED VERSION TribalGovernmentandEnterprisePrograms StacyA.Sullivan CIC ACSR TribalSpecialist AccountExecutive Email Stacy JohnSullivanInsurance.com RD DOC PLATO Founder Owner The Plato Group GARY DAVIS (Cherokee) CEO of NAFSA Native American Financial Services Association Gary Litefoot Davis of the Cherokee Nation is the Exec Director of the Native American Financial Services Association -NAFSA. He is also an award winning actor musician entrepreneur author and public speaker. Past Pres and CEO of the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development -NCAIED and Board of Directors. ERNIE STEVENS JR. KARRIE WICHTMAN (Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians) Managing Partner Rosette LLP Kerrie possesses over a decade of experience building and maintaining relationships with tribal communities. She manages a national majority Indian-owned and operated law firm with offices in MI AZ CA and DC. She supervises reviews coordinates and directs legal work product of more than 17 attorneys and 10 support staff. STACY Chairman National Indian Gaming Association A. SULLIVAN Tribal Specialist Account Executive Sullivan Insurance Agency RD Doc Plato is the founder and leader of The Plato Group a national consulting fi rm focusing on occupational safety and health. Dr. Plato has a passion for developing OSH programs in tribal communities and local leaders to direct those programs. He also serves on the Leadership Council of the National Small Business Association. John serves as the Executive Director of Tribal Client Development with Avant Energy in addition to serving his community on two boards Gila River Indian Community Utility Authority (GRICUA) and Gila River Telecom (GRTI). John works closely with Tribes throughout Indian Country on energy utility issues and infrastructure development. Since 1984 Stacy has worked hard to maintain a close working relationship with each of her tribal clients using her experience and knowledge to benefit each. She provides a personal touch and views each situation from their side of the desk while navigating their needs. Knowing the importance of todays environment in Indian Country. BUSINESS ADVICE If you are good enough at what you do the marketplace will not be able to ignore you. Never be a vendor always be an expert. BUSINESS ADVICE No one will be more on fire than you regarding your vision always be passionate. Be clear in communicating goals and apply timelines. BUSINESS ADVICE My Mothers sound advice Always be a statesman and listen until you understand. BUSINESS ADVICE A process to vet business opportunities corporate governance and a legal framework are essential elements of success. BUSINESS ADVICE Be involved and transparent make yourself available and treat everyone the way you want to be treated in life and in business. QUOTE QUOTE Make yourself malleable. Shapeable. Be adaptable & improvise in order to overcome the obstacles placed in your path. QUOTE Unity strength and character are the foundations of success in Indian Country. QUOTE When opportunity doesn t knock Indian Country has the ability to build a door. QUOTE There is only one boss the customer. He controls from the top down simply by spending his money somewhere else. -Sam Walton Never be satisfi ed. Be more do more give more 48 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com Become Part of the Best Native and Non- Native Definitive Resource for Indian Country Professional Services Introducing TBJ Tribal Professional Directory PRINT & DIGITAL VERSIONS Log online to www.TribalProfessionalDirectory.com reserve your space today BY RESERVING YOUR SPOT TODAY WITHIN THE ONLY DIRECTORY OF ITS KIND YOU WILL RECEIVE Includes placement into 5 categories and subcategories Add up to 10 images to gallery and a video or additional PDF files Add special offers and real time deal offers and badges for associations Drive traffic to events promote articles and blog post RSS feed for Facebook and capture user reviews and ratings SEO-friendly for content optimization including Meta tag descriptions and keyword management Generate high quality leads from a fully customizable lead form Email notifications for leads generated through directory Users have an easy click to call and send to phone functionality Traffic Reports (summary and detail views website clicks phone and fax clicks contacts etc.) DON T MISS OUT ID info Your name title company listing along contact info Company writeup A brief company or personal write-up of accomplishments and future plans. ADDED BENEFITS Business Advice brief business advice and quote. Direct Mail National Indian Country Conferences and Prominent Indian Country Resort In-Room Distribution. Distribution approx. 20 000 C Suite Excecs in Indian Country per month 500 000 unique digital visitors per month on TBJ Digital Footprint Editorial focus on Thought Leadership in all areas of 21st Century Progressive Economic Development and Sustainable Business Opportunities and Growth throughout Indian Country. Marketing Partnerships include opportunities to promote your product and service through Advertising Space in Print Editorial Opportunities Digital Marketing Opportunities and Event Marketing. Make connections do deals create jobs create opportunities. Indian Country s definitive resource for the Who s Who among Economic Development and Business Professionals involved with January 2018 Predictions (Economic Outlook) February Tribal Tech & Telecom March TBJ 50 (Outstanding Leaders) Building the Res (Commercial Construction) April The Brain Train (Education) Leading Lawyers and Firms May Energizing the Res (Energy) June The Big Buildup (Transportation Infrastructure) July The House Rules (Gaming) August Real Res (Residential Real Estate) September Healthy Futures (Health Care & Life Sciences) October TBJ s Big Book (Annual Professional Directory) Dollars and Sense (Financial Services & Insurance) November Destination Res (Tourism & Hospitality) Retail and the Res (Retailing) December Good Deeds (Nonprofits) PUBLISHING DATES Quote brief business quote. TBJ PROFESSIONAL DIRECTORY DIGITAL VERSION Home Page QR code will take the viewer to your digital home page Ernie Stevens Jr. Highlight Page Click on image and your highlight page pops up QR Codes Quick scan with QR App or iPhone users ask Siri or simple point camera to scan. CLICK TO CALL www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 49 SPONSORED INDUSTRY CONTENT YOUTH & HEALTH Making Native Youth Health a Priority BY JUSTIN HUENEMANN DIN GERMAN WHAT DOES National Native American Heritage Month mean to you Does it hold any collective national significance for Indian Country Outside a proclamation here and there I am not sure it invokes a full sense of unity strength and hope. At the NB3 Foundation we want to change that. We propose that this national month could also be a month to celebrate and bring awareness to Native American youth health and wellbeing. What better way to honor our collective strengths nationhood cultural lifeways and contributions then to honor celebrate and lift-up our living future - our children. I offer you these reasons. There are few greater responsibilities before us than helping protect and ensure to the best of our abilities the wellbeing of our children. Their vulnerability and innocence requires a level of intensity commitment and focus to their protection and advancement. This responsibility is not a political or jurisdictional responsibility. In fact it is one that crosses all sectors aisles and communities and requires the thoughtfulness by all who were once children. Unfortunately Native American children continue to face huge health challenges. In fact at current rates Native American children will live sicker and die younger than 50 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com their parents generation. There is little secret that decreased rates of physical activity limited access to healthy foods and safe places to play and increases in consumption of sugary beverages and unhealthy foods are contributing significantly to unhealthy weight and risk of diseases such as type 2 diabetes. These preventable diseases cost the Unites States and our tribes hundreds of millions of dollars annually- not to mention it exacerbates poor quality of life. The good news is so many of our health challenges are preventable. We have the power to change this for ourselves. Of course it will require that families communities and tribes make youth and family health and prevention a high priority and that budget considerations reflect this priority. To help I offer the following list as examples of policy and investment possibilities that are completely in our reach. And in fact these have been proven to help improve the health outcomes of children Improve the nutritional quality of snacks lunches and drinks in schools and early childhood settings. Reduce consumption of sugary sweetened drinks. Protect children from unhealthy food marketing. Increase access to and con- sumption of affordable healthy foods. Increase access to safe places for physical activity. Increase children s physical activity levels (e.g. in schools after school youth programs at home). Study after study reveals that prenatal early childhood and youth development investments in health nutrition and physical activity are worth every penny. In fact the financial return to tribes states businesses and local communities alone makes such investments a smart choice. Lets make National Native American Heritage Month or November a national month of Native youth health and wellbeing. Lets raise our collective bar and place the needs concerns and desires of our chilJUSTIN HUENEMANN A CITIZEN dren on the top OF THE NAVAJO NATION IS THE of our priorities. PRESIDENT AND CEO OF THE NOTAH Together we BEGAY III FOUNDATION A LEADING will let our chil- NATIONAL NONPROFIT DEDICATED dren know we TO REDUCING NATIVE AMERICAN love them and CHILDHOOD OBESITY AND TYPE care for their 2 DIABETES. HE HAS DEDICATED future. HIS LIFE S WORK TO IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF NATIVE PEOPLES. NOVEMBER 5 - 11 2017 NB3FIT WEEK is the largest national event to engage Native youth in physical activity at one time Host a NB3FIT WEEK event in your community and be a part of the movement to move l ea H 1 0 2 yK th 00 e tiv Na A ids alt He me a ric n h Fu y th ou y res tu nb3foundation.org nb3fit-week AND REGISTER YOUR NB3FIT EVENT TODAY JOIN US NOW notahbegayfoundation NB3Foundation www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 51 NB3FIT healthykidshealthyfutures NB3F NB3Foundation SPONSORED INDUSTRY CONTENT TRIBAL GOVERNMENT Tribal Sovereignty and Sovereign Immunity FOR EFFECTIVE TRIBAL ENTERPRISES BY BENJAMIN NUVAMSA MUCH HAS BEEN WRITTEN about tribal sovereignty and tribal sovereign immunity and the unique nation-to-nation relationships between the federal government and tribal nations. Some tribes have successfully and strategically used their sovereign status in developing their economies while other tribes struggled. Tribal governments like all governments often have difficulty in running businesses. Political motivations creep into corporate decision-making and hurt the long-term prospects of corporate operations. Tribal politics and interference by tribal councils are often the leading causes of failing tribal enterprises. That may even result in inadvertent compromise of tribal sovereign immunity protection. Thus effective relationships and separation of powers between tribal councils and their corporate boards are very important factors to successful tribal enterprises. Tribal-owned enterprises can play an important role in developing tribal nations. Many view privatization of tribal enterprises or separating tribal enterprises from tribal governance as the best way to reclaim economic value. Some however view enterprises established under the umbrella of tribal governments as the best way to protect and invoke tribal sovereignty. Tribal enterprises are distinct in their governance in several ways tribal enterprises are public companies that should have a corporate governance that equal to or exceed those of privately-held companies tribal enterprises are vulnerable to political interference and lack of transparency and many pursue commercial and social policy objectives often distorting incentives for company profit and growth objectives. Tribes should consider adopting the following principles for their enterprises Creating government stability and continuity Create a process of selection and appointment of corporate boards based on members experience and expertise (instead of political affiliation) protect board member tenure and ensure there is a shared or common vision between the tribal council and the corporate board. Separating business and politics Set up a proper governmental structure separating politics away from business and provide for clearly defined roles between the tribal council and corporate boards that are reflected in corporate documents such as by-laws. Developing proper corporate structure and strategy Create an appropriate type of enterprise that best serves the tribe and maximizes a tribe s sovereignty whether it is a Section 17 chartered corporation a tribal chartered corporation or a state-chartered corporation. Coordinating tribal resources Develop a holding company or a non-profit corporation that will coordinate a reservation-wide economic development strategy to provide for stability in light of constant changes in the tribal government. About KIVA Institute LLC KIVA is a 100 percent Native American owned and operated training and consulting company dedicated to Building Capacity in Indian Country. It has unique knowledge and experience in the Indian Self-Determination Act. It has practical experience in how tribal governments operate. KIVA provides training and consulting services in the areas of finance and accounting indirect costs audit preparation indirect cost rate proposals grant writing contract and grant management management and supervision strategic planning tribal council and board roles and responsibilities Robert s Rules of Order Indian law economic developing and development of renewable energy resources. BENJAMIN NUVAMSA FORMER CHAIRMAN OF THE HOPI TRIBE IS FOUNDER AND PRESIDENT CEO OF KIVA. NUVAMSA WAS THE PRIMARY OFFICIAL WHO DEVELOPED THE REGULATIONS AND TRAINING TO IMPLEMENT THE INDIAN SELFDETERMINATION ACT FOR THE BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 52 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 53 SPONSORED INDUSTRY CONTENT BANKING Chickasaw Nation is some 60 000 citizens strong and a powerhouse in business and government services. One Story of the Heritage of Native Banks TOURISM NATIVE AMERICAN HERITAGE MONTH BY J.D. COLBERT LEGEND HAS IT THAT a long time ago the Chickasaw Nation once owned a bank called The Bank of the Chickasaws . What isn t so legendary is that an employee of the bank absconded with about 40 000 in cash that caused the bank to come to financial ruin in 1907. There is no evidence that the Chickasaw Nation ever owned this bank. Nor is there any evidence to support that the bank was actually named The Bank of the Chickasaws . We do know that a Tishomingo Bank of Tishomingo Indian Territory was organized in May 1901. Interestingly the president of Tishomingo Bank was R.H. Harris a former governor of the Chickasaw Nation. The bank board included the then current governor of the Chickasaw Nation the National Secretary and an individual then serving as Superintendent of Public Instruction for the Nation. Tishomingo Bank was designated as the official depository of the Chickasaw Nation by an act of the tribal legislature on November 7 1901. Given the cross-over of various Chickasaw Nation officials serving on the board of directors of the bank it is understandable that many would conclude that Tishomingo Bank was owned by Chickasaw Nation. However the bank was privately owned albeit by Chickasaw citizens many of whom served as elected officials of the Nation. Despite that apparently all went well until November 1907. Recall that in these last dying days of Indian Territory the Chickasaw Nation and the various tribes were in 54 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com the process of being dissolved (or so it was thought ) to make way for Oklahoma statehood. My guess is that the greedy cashier was astute enough to realize that if he were to steal the tribe s deposits at the bank the newly appointed law enforcement personnel of Oklahoma would only make token efforts at giving chase. Sadly the thief got away with the loot. Nobody was ever indicted or prosecuted. Far from being dissolved the Chickasaw Nation is some 60 000 citizens strong and a powerhouse in business and government services. Unlike in 1907 Chickasaw JD COLBERT HAS A 40-YEAR BANKING AND FINANCE Nation does today own a CAREER AND WAS THE FIRST EVER NATIVE AMERICAN bank. Bank2 is prosper- FEDERAL BANK EXAMINER. HE HAS SERVED ON THE ous and growing and has BOARDS OF FIVE BANKS AND SERVED AS PRESIDENT OF developed a widely re- TWO BANKS INCLUDING NATIVE AMERICAN BANK WHERE spect niche with regard to HE WAS ALSO CEO. HE HAS BEEN A FINANCIAL ADVISOR making Native American IN THE FORMATION OF A NUMBER OF TRIBALLY OWNED home loans nationwide. BANKS. HE IS CURRENTLY A CANDIDATE FOR CONGRESS What a difference 110 AND PRESIDENT AND CEO OF HOLISSO HAKV INC. WWW. years makes Now if only HOLISSOHAKV.COM A BANKING AND MERGERS AND the missing 40 000 ACQUISITIONS FINANCIAL ADVISORY FIRM. COLBERT MAY would turn up with inter- BE CONTACTED AT 469-359-7008 (OFFICE) 918-758-8050 est. (CELL) OR JCOLBERT HOLISSOHAKV.COM. www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 55 SPONSORED INDUSTRY CONTENT CONTRACTING Thinking outside the box BY ANDREW METCALFE I BELIEVE TELECOMMUNICATIONS is the currency for economic success and I enjoy hearing all the buzz that is being created around this topic. Recently I heard Senator John McCoy a State of Washington elected official say tribes need to own their telecom services and not be afraid to think outside the box in his remarks recently at NCAIED s Northwest Enterprise Development Conference held at the Tulalip Resort Casino in Tulalip Washington. It is refreshing to hear tribal leaders and government officials deliver strong remarks to their constituents regarding the importance of this modern-day utility. What better way for a tribe to demonstrate sovereignty through leadership in developing and supplying its own telecommunications. But why is this important How can telecom really benefit a tribe s anchor businesses like casinos and retail outlets The answer is that the most successful businesses in this 56 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com day and age can t thrive without a strong telecommunications infrastructure. Think of the call centers that not only offer additional employment opportunities on tribal lands but the many tribal enterprises reliant on the internet. Five years ago the Tulalip Tribe in Washington State took complete control of their telecom after being dependent on Frontier (formerly GTE and Verizon) for years. They formed Salish Networks and have never looked back. This Technology Leap has empowered their 360 room casino and hotel the Tulalip Resort Casino to open an eight station call center provide free wifi service for all guests and add wireless phones to all their guest rooms. The Tulalip Tribe s state of the art casino and hotel has served as an anchor for a flourishing retail business strip on tribal lands including several national big box stores Cabela s Home Depot and Walmart to name a few. The tribe has been able to rely heavily on the services provided by their own telecom company Salish Networks to leverage the internet and telephone services needed by these high-profile retail companies. This is one great example where a tribe has supercharged its retail tourism and hospitality industries and saved money generated new revenue opportunities and created jobs. You can too As we celebrate National Native American Heritage Month and honor the accomplishments of our ancestors I d like to encourage all tribes to look and think forward to the legacy you will leave beANDREW METCALFE hind for your children and IS CEO PRESIDENT grandchildren. Think of OF NATIVE NETWORK. the gift you would be givHE HAS 30 YEARS ing them by laying a solid OF EXPERIENCE foundation of technology AS AN ENGINEER infrastructure to launch ENTREPRENEUR AND them into the next century. VISIONARY. www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 57 SPONSORED INDUSTRY CONTENT CONTRACTING Native Values Our Competitive Advantage BY MICHAEL KEAWE ANDERSON NOVEMBER IS Native American Heritage Month a time we celebrate our rich and diverse cultures traditions and histories. A time to recognize the contributions of Native people. As Native Enterprises in federal contracting November presents an opportunity to enhance our customers awareness of what truly distinguishes our businesses Native values. The Native values our businesses embody as we complete a federal contract are our foundational competitive advantage for successful contract performance. An executive of Broadleaf LLC a Native Hawaiian Organization recently met with his employees to describe aloha. He explained aloha has a much deeper meaning than just an expression of greeting or affection. Aloha is the essential core of Native Hawaiian values and is fully adopted by Broadleaf. Aloha prescribes a way of life a way of living. Notably the root words that make up aloha are Alo means sharing in the present oha means joyous affection joy ha is life energy life breath Therefore aloha is the joyful sharing of life energy in the present. Broadleaf employees now understand and seek to embody aloha in how they perform and operate everyday. They know their Native company is not just about achieving a bottom line it is about manifesting 58 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com aloha as they serve their customer and Hawaiian community. Sitnasauk Native Corporation an Alaska Village Corporation headquartered in Nome Alaska owns a small 8(a) defense manufacturing company SNC Technical Services in Puerto Rico. It is one of the largest American suppliers of uniforms and tactical gear for the U.S. military. SNC has two facilities one in Camuy on the north side of the island and one in Orocovis on the central part of the island. The two facilities have more than 800 employees. Sitnasauk s corporate value statement declares Our Elders and ancestors roots are strong and our values developed over many generations and we seek to live and work according to the I upiaq values. The 19 I upiaq values include commitment to the family respecting others hard work cooperation and responsibility. SNC s response to the one-two punch of Hurricanes Irma and Maria reflected their Native values. They chartered flights to bring in communications equipment satellite phones diesel generators fuel camp stoves water purification systems ice makers and other necessary items to support its employees and their families. Both SNC facilities reopened on September 26 using backup generators for electricity just five days after Maria left the island in sham- bles. While a significant portion of Puerto Rico remains without power Sitnasuak-supplied generators are now providing emergency electricity for the communities of Camuy and Orocovis. Inside their facilities SNC is providing shelter to 44 families who have totally or partially lost their homes. They are also hosting a daycare for employee s children in its cafeterias chartering buses to pick up employees and providing subsidized meals. Both Broadleaf and Sitnausauk exemplify the importance of their commitment to values. Values based on their Native culture traditions and history. Native values that instill a commitment to excellence in how their business see themselves how they treat their employees and ultimately how they serve their customers. They are not unique to the hundreds of Native Enterprises MICHAEL KEAWE ANDERSON IS both commu- THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE nity- and indiNATIVE AMERICAN CONTRACTORS vidually-owned ASSOCIATION WHICH PROTECTS who have sucTHE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS cessfully trans- PEOPLE TO CREATE ECONOMIC lated their NaDEVELOPMENT THROUGH tive values into GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING. p h e n o m e n a l CONTACT HIM AT KEAWE companies. NATIVECONTRACTORS.ORG. www.tribalbusinessjournal.com NOVEMBER 2017 59 RUN WITH US When Rita Lopez from Mashpee Wampanoag needed help Arctic IT answered the call. Rita needed better access to her member data. She worked with Arctic IT s Tribal PlatformsTM team to create an application designed for flexibility and consistency. The data was moved to one secure and centralized system available to the entire tribe. This solution brings so many benefits to my tribe. --Rita Lopez Enrollment Director Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe Rita s results after implementing Tribal Platforms SAFETY Public Safety now has access to real-time information invaluable in emergency situations. FUNDING The system performed over 500 queries required to receive a federal grant to benefit their child welfare program. SHARED DATA Adoption of the database grew from 1 to 12 departments resulting in a better experience for every tribal member. SECURITY The information is in a secure database. Each department has access only to the data they need. TIME Spreadsheets and man-hours are gone. Changes take seconds versus months. COST Tribes pay a low monthly fee with no hidden costs. Unlimited support and system upgrades are included. TRIBAL PLATFORMS by 60 NOVEMBER 2017 www.tribalbusinessjournal.com 844.461.9500 tribalsales arcticit.com arcticit.com ARCTIC IT