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DECEMBER 2017 7.95 CPA Sean McCabe INSIGHT BEYOND THE NUMBERS THE 21ST-CENTURY VOICE FOR BUSINESS INVESTMENT AND PROFITABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIAN COUNTRY reconnecting people to the land Strengthening Native Nations and Expanding Tribal Sovereignty Through Land Acquisition Indian Land Capital Company is a Native-owned certified Community Development Financial Institution (CDFI) providing financing to Native nations for economic development and land acquisition. 2 DECEMBER 2017 Protecting the Sustainability of YOUR Sovereign Nation CKP INSURANCE MANAGES RISKS... SO YOU CAN MANAGE EVERYTHING ELSE. SIGN UP BEFORE THE NOV. 15TH DEADLINE Protect Your PRF (Pasture Rangeland Forage) Our trusted risk advisors are trained to help you understand and analyze complicated insurance data so you can make the most informed decision for your tribe. Our goal is to ensure you never purchase unnecessary coverage and pay more than you need. Protect your land and livelihood against potential losses during times of drought. Why now Very affordable Government subsidized Premiums are not due until October 1 No adjusters needed No record-keeping Protects your cash flow Anyone can sell you a policy. But CKP invests the The USDA Risk time to understand Management Agency your individual helps protect your needs and develop Pasture Rangeland a strategy that will produce the best and Forage (PRF) from coverage results. the elements. Contact your CKP Trusted Risk Advisor today. 877-CKP-INS1 (877-257-4671) 3 DECEMBER 2017 TABLE OF CONTENTS DECEMBER 2017 VOL.2 NO.12 14 Upfront 6 8 13 17 18 Classic Native American teepee 22 24 CPA Sean McCabe is financially fit Cover Story Industry Reports 32 TOURISM Bison and buffalo drive visitors ENTREPRENEURS Meet Ian Stamper-Windy Boy GAMING How tribes can teach each other HOSPITALITY Seminoles building guitar-shaped hotel GAMING Pascua Yaqui expand casino 36 38 42 44 Publisher s Letter Editor s Letter News Features In the News FEATURE Prairie Band s new venture PROFILE Aurolyn Stwyer blends business with culture GOOD DEEDS How Procter & Gamble embraces Indian County HEALTH CARE The next generation of Native medical professionals FEATURE Tribe Against Tribe Reconciliation and reconnection Advice 31 46 48 50 ACCOUNTING Prepare for change FINANCIAL SERVICES So long rent-a-tribe HEALTH CARE Tips to combat cancer COMMUNICATIONS Who belongs to your circle 26 Calendar 52 Upcoming events Last Look 53 The Winter Indian Market comes to town 4 DECEMBER 2017 Focusing on Innovative Tribal Economic Development and Corporate Governance Creation of Long Lasting Corporate Structures and Entities Sound Business Acumen and Finance Expertise Proven Negotiation Skills that Emphasize and Respect Tribal Sovereignty Financial Services and Tribal Lending Creative Solutions to Complex Problems Successful Litigation Strategy Development 193 Blue Ravine Road Suite 255 Folsom CA 95630 (916) 353-1084 (916) 353-1085 nstgermain 565 W. Chandler Blvd. Suite 212 Chandler AZ 85225 (480) 889-8990 (480) 889-8997 rosette 25344 Red Arrow Highway Suite B Mattawan MI 49071 (269) 283-5005 (517) 913-6443 kwichtman 1100 H St. N.W. Suite 400 Washington D.C. 20005 (202) 652-0579 (202 525- 5261 sbazzazieh DECEMBER 2017 5 PUBLISHER S LETTER Bright future ahead for Indian Country A Publisher Sandy Lechner speaking at RES Greetings Friends s 2018 draws to a close we look back at a year filled with change excitement emotion and opportunity. For Indian Country I believe the future is brighter than ever. More thought leaders are stepping forward with new and progressive ideas that will create economic stability and opportunity for Indian Country for generations to come. Tribal Business Journal will turn 2 in the spring. We could not be prouder being a leader among the media in Indian Country. With the undisputed largest media footprint in Indian Country TBJ provides a multichannel multitouch approach to making connections in Indian Country that has never existed before. As we continue to grow our digital presence--through the introduction of the Tribal Professional Directory ( enhanced social media presence and our weekly email newsletter-- there are more ways than ever to make connections and do high-level business in Indian Country. Our world class award-winning magazine sets the standard by providing a monthly look into the world of progressive economic development and business opportunities in Indian Country. Our readers and advertisers continue to provide positive and meaningful feedback that fuels our growth and development. We continue to be privileged and humbled by an outpouring of support and friendship from some of the strongest thought leaders and organizations in Indian Country that have assisted us in navigating our way through being a startup business making the appropriate connections and continuing to foster meaningful relationships. We would like to offer a special thanks to Rjay Brunkow of Indian Land Capital Company Gary Davis of NAFSA Sean McCabe of McCabe CPA John Lewis of Avante Energy Derek Valdo of Amerind Risk Karrie Wichtman of Rosette Law Stacy Sullivan of Sullivan Insurance SR Tommie of Redline Media Group Pam Silas of Authentic Management & Consulting Services Camille Ferguson of AIANTA Ernie Stevens Jr. of NIGA plus the NCAEID NAIHC OIGA and others who have supported us from the start. We wish everyone a happy and healthy holiday season and a happy and safe new year With Warm Regards Sandy Lechner Publisher Sandy Lechner may be reached at slechner or 954.377.9691. 6 DECEMBER 2017 DECEMBER 2017 7 EDITOR S LETTER Time to beware Abramoff style lobbying he end of December brings the close of another year. It is a time to review and evaluate progress within our tribes companies and organizations. The review allows us to take pride in our successes and examine how to avoid future failures. Tribal officials also may look back and reflect on the impact the Trump administration has had on Indian Country and look to the future on possible federal policy changes slated for tribes. There is a thin line on how to allow for more economic development on tribal land without relinquishing sovereignty rights that are so important to American Indian tribes. This was evident at the National Congress of American Indians annual convention in Milwaukee in midOctober. Sessions held on the U.S. Department of the Interior s proposed land-into-trust process indicated the measures would make it more difficult to purchase off-reservation lands. The draft Department of the Interior regulation changes were a major misstep and not in the spirit of the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act or select provisions of the 1988 Indian Gaming Regulatory Act says Chairperson Aaron Payment of the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa of Indians based in Sault Ste. Michigan. Payment also serves as first vice president of the National Congress of American Indians. I am encouraged however by the postponement of the consultation sessions so the premise is not predetermined. Tribal leaders are urged to watch closely for the Abramoff-type lobbying efforts that threaten to flood the swamp and violate our treaty rights and sovereignty Payment continues. Payment is referring to Jack Abramoff the Washington lobbyist who scammed 85 million from tribes back in the Editor-in-Chief Levi Rickert (Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation) early 2000s and eventually served four years in prison for the illegal activities perpetrated against tribes. Payment s reminder is well taken because tribal officials always need to be vigilant to protect the interests of the tribes that elected them to serve. As tribes continue to work with the administration there is a need for tenacity to protect tribal sovereignty for the next seven generations and beyond. Economic development must occur with a watchful eye. Sean McCabe (Navajo) is a certified public accountant who has worked with more than 30 tribes to ensure they provide accounting practices so that they are armed with accurate financial statements that are essential to grow their tribal economies. McCabe s firm received the prestigious Business of the Year Award from the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development at RES in 2016 for its outstanding performance in Indian Country. TBJ proudly features McCabe on its December cover. As we enter into December a month filled with holidays I want to extend a heartful wish for all to have a happy holiday season and a prosperous New Year. Levi Rickert (Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation) Editor-in-Chief Levi Rickert may be reached at 616.299.7542 or lrickert 8 DECEMBER 2017 89583_KeyBank_NativeAmericanPrint_EconDev 7.325 x 4.9 .125 bleed 4c Tribal Business Journal Building for the future of your Nation When Native American Nations look for a bank to help build a legacy of nancial stability they turn to us. That s because Key s commitment runs as deep as each Tribe s culture. With over 60 years of experience 4B in capital deployment and 1.2B in investment and trust management we know how to provide tailored nancial solutions for today s challenges and tomorrow s legacy. To learn how we can help your Nation succeed visit nativeamerican. Credit products are subject to credit approval. is a federally registered service mark of KeyCorp. 2017 KeyCorp. KeyBank is Member FDIC. E89583 160909-129554 89583_KeyBank_NativeAmericanPrint_EconDev_Tribal.indd 1 5 4 17 12 00 PM Native American owned and operated with professionally trained accountants who understand the nuances unique to Native governments ensuring you... ...Peace of Mind PROFESSIONALLY TRAINED COMMITTED HIGH TECH CERTIFIED (505) 798-2550 info DECEMBER 2017 9 PUBLISHER COO Sandy Lechner slechner EXECUTIVE EDITOR Kevin Gale kgale EDITOR Levi Rickert lrickert (Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation) ASSOCIATE EDITOR Andrea Richard arichard Business Development Managers Rebecca Torres rtorres Estevan Torres etorres tribalbusinessjournal.ccom Creative CREATIVE DIRECTOR Melanie Smit ART DIRECTOR Frank Papandrea Marketing and Events Marriann Marinberg mmarinberg Estefania Marin emarin Controller Josh Wachsman jwachsman Administration Accounting Circulation Manager Monica Bridgewater-Wilson monica Director Devon Cohen Chairman Gary Press gpress TBJ Magazine 3511 W. COMMERCIAL BLVD. SUITE 200 FORT LAUDERDALE FL 33309 954.377.9470 FAX 954.617.9418 WWW.TRIBALBUSINESSJOURNAL.COM 2016 TBJ magazine is published by Tribal Media Holdings LLC all rights reserved. Tribal Business Journal is a publication of Tribal Media Holdings LLC which has teamed with LDF Business Development Corp. a wholly owned entity of the Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indian Tribe and Lifestyle Media Group. 10 DECEMBER 2017 Creating Opportunities for Energy & Infrastructure for Indian Country Email john.lewis Phone 480-510-9811 For More Information on how we can assist your tribe contact John Lewis DECEMBER 2017 11 TBJ ADVISORY BOARD Rjay Brunkow (Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians) CEO Indian Land Capital Company Robert Joe (Navajo) Chief Operating Officer for the Office of the President and Vice President Navajo Nation APRIL 2016 7.95 Ernie Stevens Jr. (Oneida) Chairman National Indian Gaming Association Jeff Doctor (Seneca Nation) Executive Director of the National Indian Cannabis Coalition John B. Lewis Gila River Indian Community Utility Authority Transforming the Navajo Nation Robert Joe Vernelle Taylor (Gros Ventre Tribe) Director of Tribal Relations Flintco Constructive Solutions THE 21ST-CENTURY VOICE FOR BUSINESS INVESTMENT AND PROFITABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIAN COUNTRY TBJ Cover.indd 1 3 7 16 4 15 PM Gary Davis (Cherokee) CEO of NAFSA Native American Financial Services Association Kip Ritchie (Forest County Potawatomi) CEO Greenfire Management Services LLC Heather Dawn Thompson (Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe) Practice Group Attorney Greenberg Traurig LLP Mark Harding (Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe) President Mashpee Wampanoag Community Development Corporation Roxie Schescke (Rosebud Sioux) President Indian Eyes LLC S.R. Tommie (Seminole Tribe of Florida) President Redline Media Group Chris James (Cherokee) President and CEO of the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development Pamala Silas (Menominee) Executive Director National American Indian Housing Council Robert Weaver (Quapaw Tribe of Oklahoma) President RWI Benefits LLC Dylan Jenkins Vice President of Portfolio Development Finite Carbon Katherine Spilde Ph.D. Chair Sycuan Institute on Tribal Gaming at San Diego State University Karrie Wichtman (Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians) Managing Partner Rosette Law 12 DECEMBER 2017 IN THE NEWS million project Grand Canyon Escalade consisted of hotels and an entertainment center would have targeted Grand Canyon visitors. owned and operated by Native American tribes Acting Manhattan U.S. Attorney Joon Kim said in a statement. But that was a lie. The jury saw through Tucker and Muir s lies and saw their business for what it was--an illegal and predatory scheme to take callous advantage of vulnerable workers living from paycheck to paycheck. have faced racial or ethnic discrimination according to a poll conducted by National Public Radio the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. In addition the results found that Native Americans experience three times the amount of discrimination when interacting with police officials. The participants reported that they have been told offensive comments because of their ethnicity such as racial slurs. INDIANA PARKS DEPARTMENT GETS FINED Tara MacLean Sweeney The U.S. Department of Interior slapped the Hamilton County Parks Department in Indiana with a 6 533 fine after an investigation discovered that park officials and archaeologists excavated at Native American grave sites reported the IndyStar a USA Today network publication. From 2001 to 2011 it is reported that more than 90 000 artifacts and human remains were removed from the gravesites. The dig violated the federal law under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. ALASKAN NATIVE NOMINATED FOR INDIAN AFFAIRS POST Alaskan Native Tara MacLean Sweeney was nominated for assistant secretary of Indian Affairs. If the Senate confirms her MacLean would become the first Alaskan Native and the second woman to serve the role that oversees the bureau s Indian education efforts. She is a vice president of external affairs for the Arctic Slope Regional Corporation. She is a graduate of Cornell University. NATIVE JOB SEEKERS DEAL WITH DISCRIMINATION Fifty-four percent of Natives applying for jobs claim they NAVAJO NATION SAYS NO Last month the Navajo Nation rejected a bill for a proposed development on its reservation because of environmental concerns. The 65 PAYDAY LOAN OPERATOR TUCKER FOUND GUILTY A Manhattan jury convicted Scott Tucker and his attorney Timothy Muir of racketeering charges through their criminal 2 billion payday loan operation. The duo faces up to 20 years in prison and the U.S. plans to seize the operation. Tucker and Muir sought to get away with their crimes by claiming that this 2 billion business was actually The Cherokee Nation celebrated the opening of its seventh food distribution center. RECORD-BREAKING FOOD PROGRAM The Cherokee Nation Food Distribution Program was awarded a perfect score from USDA Management Evaluation. The tribe s food distribution program served 62 173 households and is one of the largest programs of its kind in Indian Country. Operated by the Cherokee Nation Human Services it aims to provide income eligible federally recognized tribes access to healthy food. To be awarded a perfect score is already a big accomplishment for our team but to be told that we made history that was a huge credit to the program says Jennifer Kirby interim director of Cherokee Nation Family Assistance. The USDA Management Evaluation is an extensive process where they examine many aspects of the operational processes. It takes weeks to prepare for a visit of this nature. DECEMBER 2017 13 Financial Fitness CPA SEAN MCCABE IS A TRUSTED ADVISOR TO TRIBES BY LEVI RICKERT ean McCabe (Navajo) is one of very few American Indians who is a certified public accountant. McCabe who has worked with more than 30 American Indian tribes realizes having sound financial statements is one of the most important tools to possess when it comes to making business decisions for future growth for tribal enterprises. As an accountant he feels his role extends beyond simply maintaining financial records for his clients. He also serves as a consultant to ensure tribes and businesses embark on the right timely and accurate reporting is something we have specialized in and has provided many tribes and enterprises all important financial statement information. He graduated from Albuquerque Academy received a bachelor s in accounting at Fort Lewis College and is a CPA licensed in New Mexico and Arizona. McCabe owns and operates McCabe CPA Group LLC based in Albuquerque New Mexico. His firm is unique in that it works exclusively in Indian Country. The firm has years of experience in tribal government accounting and auditing as well as gaming schools and other enterprises and agencies. The McCabe Group believes there is a delicate weaving of business and culture within tribal organizations. Even so the firm encourages tribes and tribal enterprises to stay on the cutting edge of technology as they maintain their financial records. Since there are very unique nuances with tribal businesses that other businesses don t necessarily have to deal with because of the relationship tribes have with the federal government McCabe sees professional service firms such as law and accounting as filling a niche. For his hard and dedicated work in Indian Country McCabe s firm received the prestigious Business of the Year Award from the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development at RES in 2016. I was telling my family earlier that any person who thinks that they can get an award like this or have the opportunity to serve their people and do it on their own is just fooling themselves because awards like this are an indication of all of us coming together as tribal businesses McCabe says when accepting the award. I share this award with all of you because this really is an example of what we can do when we come together. In addition to running his own business McCabe served as chairman of the board for the Navajo Nation Gaming Enterprise from 2007-2011. Additionally he is an instructor with the Native American Financial Officers Association (NAFOA) and the Arizona State University Tribal Finance Management program. He is a frequent speaker and panelist for several American Indian national organizations. McCabe also has given his time to serve on the Notah Begay 3 (NB3) Foundation board of directors since July 2012. He is currently chairman of the award-winning national Native American nonprofit organization which is dedicated to reducing Native American childhood obesity Sean McCabe course when making business decisions. One of my clients was trying to figure out whether or not the tribal operations were on the right track for financing options for new enterprise endeavors. They had annual audit numbers but current information for them was hard to come by. They wanted an independent analysis done before going to banks and other funding sources. So my firm stepped in and helped them develop current reconciled financial records and reports says McCabe. Helping tribes meet those needs of 14 DECEMBER 2017 COVER STORY DECEMBER 2017 15 COVER STORY and type 2 diabetes. It was started by Navajo golfer Notah Begay III. McCabe lends his expertise as board chairman ensuring the financial stability and progress of the great work the foundation is doing in Indian Country. WHAT YEAR DID YOU BEGIN YOUR BUSINESS I started it in 2006 as 180 Innovations LLC then switched the name to Anuskewicz & McCabe PC and now it is McCabe CPA Group LLC. HOW MANY EMPLOYEES DOES YOUR FIRM EMPLOY We have five full-time and up to 12 that we use as needed on a per job basis. HOW CAN TRIBES AND TRIBAL BUSINESS ENTERPRISES ENSURE ACCOUNTING TRANSPARENCY TO TRIBAL CITIZENS Transparency is really a two-way street just like any other form of basic communication. There is the talker and the listener. If either one of those fails to hold up their end of the communication spectrum then the goal is lost. If one can t speak in an understandable way then that is a failure and communication breaks down. If one can t listen effectively then that is a failure. So when it comes to accounting transparency there must be that dual role. The talker must be able to communicate objective accurate and timely information in an effort to be understood. The listener must have an ability to receive that financial message and understand it. So accounting transparency can be aided by timely and accurate reporting and also an effort to educate decision makers in financial concepts so they can take the very important tool of financial information and use it to make decisions. HOW MANY TRIBES HAS YOUR ACCOUNTING FIRM WORKED WITH IN HOW MANY STATES Over the years we have worked with upwards of 30 tribes. Those tribes have been in the great states of Oregon Cal16 DECEMBER 2017 ifornia Idaho Arizona New Mexico and Oklahoma. We always welcome more though WHAT ADVICE DO YOU HAVE FOR YOUNG AMERICAN INDIANS AND ALASKA NATIVES WHO DESIRE TO BECOME ACCOUNTANTS I would tell them it is a great field to choose. Accounting is not a space where one gets rich quick. The profession does offer though a very stable earnings profile and many opportunities for advancement. Especially for Native Americans. It is interesting to me that Native Americans are the only race of people that professional service firms have a niche practice for. They don t have Hispanic practices or African American practices but some of them do anything they can to boast their expertise in Native American accounting or law. This really provides a lot of opportunity for Native Americans looking to join the CPA profession for advancement. So I would encourage any of them to take that step but be prepared to work hard. I would say also tell them that they need to be ready to compete. A lot of tribes for whatever reason are reluctant to work with Native-owned entities. Despite the many Native preference efforts and actual laws many tribes still turn outward for professional services. So to the new CPA or any entrepreneur be ready to compete because very few tribes are handing out contracts to Native-owned entities. DOES YOUR FIRM WORKED WITH TRIBES THAT PROVIDE ONLINE LENDING IF SO WHAT IS THE BEST WAY FOR TRIBES TO KEEP UP WITH THE INDUSTRY S FEDERAL REGULATIONS Some of the tribes we have worked with have been in the online lending space. As with any business space tribes are best served to seek the advice of experts in the complex compliance and regulatory issues of that space. Online lending can be a very useful vehicle for revenue generation for tribes but it is important the tribes develop that backbone or infrastructure to support the business properly. WHAT HAS BEEN THE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY FOR YOU TO ADVERTISE YOUR BUSINESS I have found that best form of advertising is good old word-of-mouth advertising. You get a new client you go in and do great work for them and it is surprising how many more clients pop up out of nowhere. The key is creating value for the client. Whether it be providing complex consulting services on new markets like marijuana or commodity type services like audits. If you can provide your services for a price your client is happy with when you have created value for them. Too many times in Indian Country consultants get paid way too much money for cookie-cutter reports or push costs on to tribes for audits via change orders and the value of those services goes down. Outside of that I do find that speaking at events like RES and the National Indian Gaming Association conference provide a lot of leads for my firm--as well as networking. TELL US ABOUT YOUR WORK WITH THE NOTAH BEGAY FOUNDATION. I love it there. I truly love the organization and what we are trying to accomplish there. We have such a great staff and board of directors. It really is like a family there. Notah has set such a great vision for us and we are fighting like no other to move that needle on childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes. I have known Notah for almost all of my life and I have always known him to be one of the fiercest competitors I have ever met and that guy can and will fight. You wouldn t know it by looking at him but he will mix it up and I can tell you the passion that he provides the Foundation with and how it reflects in the work that the Foundation s Executive Director Justin Kii Huenemann and the team do there I can tell you that this epidemic is in for one hell of a fight from NB3. At the end of the day I love what I do there and do it not only because I believe in the mission but I am just a fan of my man Notah FEATURE Travis Air Force Base labor and delivery room T Prairie Band Buys Outfitter Company Mill Creek BY LEVI RICKERT sees opportunities to increase Mill Creek s penetration into health care. We are delighted to make a substantial investment in an outstanding company with massive growth potential within the federal health care space Wamego says. Wamego heard that Mill Creek was for sale from Ernest Woodward who he met when the two sat on the Native American Contractors Association s board of directors. He told me about federal government contracts Mill Creek has and immediately thought what a great fit it would be for Prairie Band says Wamego. Woodward is a partner in Burton Woodward and represented the sellers. Prairie Band retained all management of Mill Creek based in Littleton Colorado at the time of the acquisition. Day-to-day monitoring will be done by Prairie Band staff remotely. Some of the projects Mill Creek has participated in include Fred and Pamela Buffett Cancer Center Omaha Nebraska Defense Health Agency Facilities Division Falls Church Virginia Safe Credit Union headquarters relocation Folsom California California Court of Appeals Third Appellate District relocation Sacramento California and the 79th Medical Group Andrews Vet & Medical Clinic Modernization Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland. Since 2010 Prairie Band has grown into a family of seven subsidiary companies including Mill Creek with commercial federal and local customers. Prairie Band is part of the economic development plan established by tribal leadership with the purpose of providing opportunity and prosperity to the Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation To learn more about Mill Creek visit the company s website specialties. DECEMBER 2017 17 he Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation s economic development company has purchased furnishings and interior design company Mill Creek LLC giving it further inroads into health care and federal contracts. Prairie Band LLC based in Mayetta Kansas purchased Mill Creek LLC on Nov. 1 2017. Mill Creek is a specialty company that outfits furniture fixtures and equipment equipment planning space planning transition planning move management interior design and procurement for health care private and government sector clients across the United States. Mill Creek has a reputation as being subject matter experts in the specialty services it provides. This reputation has led to its engagement in numerous contracts says Jacob Wamego president and chief operating officer of Prairie Band. With 15 million-plus in annual revenue Mill Creek maintains several federal government contracts some in the health care industry. The acquisition of Mill Creek was attractive to Prairie Band because it already owns a subsidiary company Prairie Band Health Services that has government contracts in health care. Prairie Band sees opportunities for its other companies to grow because of its ownership of Mill Creek. I saw it as a natural fit for Prairie Band because we already had two companies doing federal government contracts. Our construction company and Prairie Band Health Services says Wamego. Maybe we can build a building our Mill Creek company can outfit it and our health services company will staff it. It s kind of going full circle. Coupled with Prairie Band Health Services becoming certified as a participant in the SBA s 8(a) Program Prairie Band 18 DECEMBER 2017 PROFILE Aurolyn Stwyer A BUSINESS BOUND CULTURAL AMBASSADOR BY MARY K. BOWANNIE urolyn Stwyer grew up on the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs reservation in Warm Springs Oregon. Whatever she has done over her life and career has been for the benefit of her tribe and other Native American communities. She served as a cultural ambassador when she served as Miss Warm Springs in 1977 and later she worked for her tribe then went on to complete her undergraduate degree in accounting and finance from Marylhurst University in Oregon in 1990. She had never intended to go further with her education. But her academic advisor suggested she consider applying to graduate school because she had earned 15 credits toward a master s degree and had a high grade-point average. The advisor encouraged her to find funding for school and that s just what Stwyer did. That little advice energized me to get out there and look for some fellowships and scholarships says Stwyer. Back then there was no Internet so I went to the library and looked things up. There was a lot of information on scholarships and I read magazines whatever popped up. I made copies of what I found took notes researched information and I made phone calls. By chance Stwyer attended a conference where Sherry Salway Black was a presenter. Salway Black was then a top executive with the First Nations Financial Project which would soon be renamed First Nations Development Institute. Stwyer learned about First Nations Tribal Commerce and Enterprise Management Program (TCEMP) a Native professional development program. (TCEMP was originally based at Yale University from 1986 to 1988 but had been moved to the Carlson School of Management at the University of Minnesota. TCEMP was generously underwritten by the Carnegie Corporation of New York from 1991 to 1994.) I went to a conference where Sherry Salway Black was giving a presentation on finance and she talked about TCEMP. So it materialized that I met Sherry before I even applied for the TCEMP fellowship. She became my idol after that says Stwyer. TCEMP LIFE Stwyer appreciated First Nations efforts to reach out and support the TCEMP students in not only their educations but on personal cultural levels. Sherry Salway Black she took us to dinner and for us being away from home and for me being a single parent it was a little care package. That helped a lot. However it was not only a drastic change in weather from Warm Springsto city life in Minneapolis Minnesota but an introduction into a whole new way of doing business. I really appreciated the esteemed alumni. They described their business value system and we learned about the corporate culture. I had spent 12 years in finance with the tribe prior to going to school at UMN and I had never worked off the reservation. It was an eye-opener says Stwyer. The ideas we discussed in class were the latest in business. It was fascinating. The TCEMP fellows supported each other inside and outside the classroom. They held regular study times with each other where they practiced their presentations and it s a time Stwyer fondly remembers. It was our support system to lean on each other as we were doing the same tasks and with a multitude of assignments we d bounce ideas off each other she says. We took it upon ourselves to give each other the extra help when we needed it. FINDING AND CREATING COMMUNITY There is a large Native American population in Minneapolis that was a nice surprise. We d go to the Native American student center at the University of Minnesota and hang out with the other Native American students. There was support there. Any conferences that we wanted to go to they d figure out how to get us there says Stwyer. Stwyer and TCEMP fellow Terry Mason Moore (Osage UMN alumna MBA 1992) also had to figure out how to get support for the conference costs that the university did not cover. They took the initiative upon themselves to get out and knock on a few doors and not just any doors. Terry and I we made a list of the businesses in the area and we solicited the Fortune 500 companies for whatever we needed to get to a conference she says. Nobody turned us down and that s how I landed an internship at 3M. It was amazing experiencing all the buzzwords that we were learning in the textbooks. It was a great experience to have. I didn t feel like the little fish in a big sea. Stwyer DECEMBER 2017 19 PROFILE and Mason Moore were catching the attention of not only major corporations but also the news media as well. A New York Times article published in May 1991 covered Stwyer and Mason Moore s personal journeys of moving from their homes on the reservation to Minneapolis to earn an MBA. It was their communal and cultural experiences from home that they brought into the classroom. CLASS PROJECT BECOMES A JOB Stwyer s communal focus and approach to her course work did not always mesh well with her fellow classmates some of who were competitive and had financial advantages. We were working in teams and my team was all type A--they had all the tools --the computers they had time to keep up with all the faxes. I had to go to the bookstore and pay for all my faxes per page. I knew the team that I was on was not working for me so I decided to create my own team. So along with two other students we worked on a financial strategy for the Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community s Mystic Lake Casino she says. Stwyer s decision to create her own team and focus on what was important to her--Native American communities-- proved fruitful. Shakopee hired me as their director of strategic planning and they were one of the largest casinos at that time and while I was there they went from 350 to 1 800 employees says Stwyer who was in charge of the casino s expansion. I held weekly meetings to see where we were at it with things. It was phenomenal to see and experience that rapid development at an unbelievable pace. Shakopee s board of directors gave her the title of special assistant to the board of directors. Within half a year Stwyer was promoted to vice president of strategic planning. While being inside the corporate culture was what Stwyer did on the job she made sure to stay connected and grounded by dancing in powwows for her family and her son. She also went to events in the Twin Cities that had received sponsorship from Shakopee. She enjoyed being a part 20 DECEMBER 2017 of the Minneapolis Native American community staying grounded and meeting new people. Working with and establishing a relationship with one of the tribes at the forefront of tribal gaming allowed Stwyer a career entry she could not have foreseen when she left Warm Springs. REFLECTIONS ON TCEMP S IMPACT Stwyer worked for Shakopee for two years and went on to be a consultant for the Gila River Indian Community in Arizona the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde in Oregon First Nations reserves in Canada and many other tribes. Consulting led to work in a variety of industries and projects such as in hydroelectric power utilities tribal gaming. And she co-authored the Indianpreneurship curriculum for ONABEN (Our Native American Business Network) of which she is on the board. She helped co-found the Potlatch Fund and served on numerous boards. She owns the Red Skye Trading Post and Pawn Shop in Warm Springs and is an accomplished artist of beadwork jewelry and other textiles. She also served on the 24th Warm Springs Tribal Council as vice chairman from 2007 to 2010. All that Stwyer has created and mastered have contributed to her returning home to work for her tribe just as she had hoped when she completed the TCEMP fellowship. Working off the reservation prepared me to go home to do the work to develop our businesses and to do the work I m doing today with the myriad businesses here at Warm Springs she says. The TCEMP experience made me ready to take on the challenges here on my own reservation with a level of confidence to articulate and communicate ideas for Warm Springs. Stwyer currently serves as the business development and marketing manager with Warm Springs Ventures and is working in the developing field of drones. Warm Springs has the only tribally owned national test site for drones or unmanned aerial systems. The industry is booming and Stwyer is once again navigating new territory--this time her tribe and other tribes are seeking out her advice and expertise. She contributes her success back to that fateful chance to hear Sherry Salway Black speak and the opportunity that First Nations offered her with the TCEMP fellowship. I love my work. I m very MARY K. BOWANNIE MS happy in my job today. I ve MA (ZUNI COCHITI) IS been in positions where there COMMUNICATIONS OFFICER are threats to management FOR FIRST NATIONS possible threats to jobs wheth- DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE er it s politics females in the AN ORGANIZATION workplace or industry chang- DEDICATED TO es etc. I had to make decisions STRENGTHENING NATIVE to get to the next step or pla- AMERICAN COMMUNITIES teau she says. Then my tribe AND ECONOMIES. CONTACT recruited me home--where HER AT MBOWANNIE they saw what I could do. FIRSTNATIONS.ORG. The leading developer of Native American forest carbon projects for the California carbon market. WE MAKE LOANS IN INDIAN COUNTRY CLEARINGHOUSE CDFI ADDRESSES UNMET CREDIT NEEDS IN v COMMUNITIES APACHE RAILWAY Forest Carbon Partners has successfully registered the most forest carbon offset projects to date on tribal trust and fee land for the California carbon market. CONTACT US LOAN AMOUNT 2.5 million LOCATION Snowflake AZ IMPACT To restore a critical piece of infrastructure in Navajo County. 1 415-321-3300 carbon PINOLEVILLE POMO NATION LOAN AMOUNT 90% participation a 2 240 000 loan LOCATION Ukiah CA IMPACT Acquisition of 8.8 Acres of Tribal Land to further tribal enterprises Clearinghouse Community Development Financial Institution is a Full-Service Direct Lender Specializing in loans for Economic Community Development Housing Infrastructure Health Care & Educational Facilities & More With Financing for On Off Reservation Projects The only national organization dedicated to advancing Indian Country tourism across the United States. JOIN US AND LEARN MORE AT WWW.AIANTA.ORG WWW.CCDFI.COM (800) 445-2142 2017 All Rights Reserved. This institution is an equal opportunity provider. Dept. of Corp. Finance Lender License 6035497 CA. Foreign Corp. License C20111025-1584 NV. Business License NV20111673156 NV Commercial. Mortgage Banker License CBKBR 0121262 AZ. DECEMBER 2017 21 A Force for Good P PROCTER & GAMBLE EMBRACES INDIAN COUNTRY BY KEVIN GALE rocter & Gamble s Native American Indian network recently hosted its annual gathering in Quapaw Oklahoma and Kansas City Kansas. Employees from coast to coast gather each year near one of the company s manufacturing sites and connect with local tribes to perform community service cultural immersion and education. Procter & Gamble s support of its Native American workforce and outreach to tribes is part of a broad company policy to do good which is highlighted in its annual Citizenship Report. The company also emphasizes ethics and corporate responsibility community impact diversity gender equality and environmental sustainability. P&G includes some of the best-known brands in the consumer world including Crest Charmin Gillette Pampers Tide and Vicks. P&G s Native American Indian Network began in 2004 and has 170 participants including 60 who participated in the event this year says Shaun Howard senior IT delivery manager for Procter & Gamble and a member of the network. This year the group was hosted by the Kansas City plant where detergents are manufactured as well as the Quapaw and Miami Tribes of Oklahoma. We learned a lot about the Miami and Quapaw culture language as well as current challenges and operations Howard says. As part of their time together P&G employees learn about tribes their history culture and garner an in-depth understanding of how the tribes govern themselves Howard says. These relationship-building activities lead to ongoing links between local manufacturing employees and tribes. The network comprised of P&G employees has met in Green Bay Wisconsin partnering with the Oneida Tribe Cape Girardeau partnering with the Cherokee Tribe and the United Houma Nation in Louisiana. The company was thanked by Houma Principal Chief Thomas Darda Jr. for helping restore the tribe s first school building during the 2016 visit. All who attend walk away from the annual meeting with a better understanding of our differences and similarities Howard says. Activities foster a deep sense of community among P&G employ- 22 DECEMBER 2017 GOOD DEEDS ees from across the country and between the local manufacturing plants and tribes. The Native American group is one of eight diversity networks at P&G. The company points to hiring retention and promotion metrics to help measure their success. It s part of a broad company goal to encourage community service and internal networking to help all members reach their full potential. Each of P&G s Affinity Networks are known for adding measurable value to the business by fostering diverse and inclusive cultures amongst employees Howard says. P&G employees are valued included and able to bring the full selves to work. DECEMBER 2017 23 Native Physicians BY LEE ALLEN 24 DECEMBER 2017 R DOCTOR ASSOCIATION HELPS PREPARE STUDENTS FOR MEDICAL FIELDS emember Hippocrates the Greek physician traditionally regarded as the Father of Medicine The physician he is believed to have said must be able to tell antecedents know the present and foretell the future--must mediate these things and have two special objects to view with regard to diseases mainly to do good or to do no harm. The Association of American Indian Physicians has a similar creed of its own to motivate American Indian and Alaskan Native students to pursue a career in the health profession and strive to improve the overall health of their communities. To wit To pursue excellence in Native American health care by promoting education in the medical disciplines honoring traditional healing principles and restoring the balance of mind body and spirit. That s a heavy lift one they ve been working on since 1971 when a dozen or so Native medical professionals got together and decided that help was needed to ensure that other tribal members would be encouraged to be trained and follow in their footsteps. Today there are over 450 physician members of AAIP male and female who contribute as mentors to interested indigenous youth. Margaret Knight (Laguna Pueblo) after serving 27 years as executive director of AAIP before retiring was brought back into the office as interim executive director to complete an ambitious program agenda. I m back on the job to ensure a smooth transition she says of the ongoing mission to respond to Native students inter- HEALTH CARE ested in health careers and to be a support channel for them. While a nationwide search is underway to fill the director position permanently Knight says I returned because I love the organization and what it is accomplishing. Work doesn t stop during a period of change like this so I came back because I had the experience and knew the players processes procedures and programs. And they are many. Like the recent annual meeting in Oklahoma hosted by the Citizen Potawatomi Nation with a theme of Metabolic and Substance Use Disorders in Indian Country. On a smaller scale the Pre-Admission Workshop that offers information and skills on how to succeed in the med school admission process. Forty perfect of those PAW participants a majority of them female and representing over 100 tribal nations are now employed as health professionals. The National Native American Youth Initiative summer program helps American Indian Alaska Native high school students trying to determine a possible interest in pursuing a career in the health field. The NNAYI program is just one example of their success. It s all about building capacity in Native communities in the public health arenas according to Jamie McDaniel AAIP Grants Manager. Nearly 900 Native youth have attended already with 42 percent of those students reporting they were interested in becoming a physician or other health care professional. Of those students who went on to college 72 percent of them were accepted into employment in a health profession. Feedback from young indigenous students indicates how beneficial the program efforts have been. It opened my eyes to what was available out there that I could get into if I chose to pursue a job in the medical profession according to one attendee. Being raised in a rural area this program provided an opportunity to experience life away from my comfort zone while exposing me to options available in the health profession field replied another. It s a difficult journey in the school system because there s not a lot of support to encourage that desire to become a doctor says Knight. In some student s experience they ve never seen a Native physician who can diagnose and heal then take off the white coat and stethoscope and speak their language or participate in ceremonies. It s one of our goals to show young tribal members that they too can fulfill their dream. Classes such as a planned spring 2018 workshop on cross-cultural medicine in Santa Fe offer the benefit of training in a smaller more relaxed intimate atmosphere where attendees learn from seasoned professionals about traditional methods of healing. Because many health care professionals work in Native clinics our speakers incorporate things like herbal medicine into their classes combining knowledge of traditional healing with modern medicine says Knight. Students may end up working in a community that believes in traditional methods and they need that background too. Acknowledging that there is strength in unity AAIP outreaches with a lot of part- ners in Indian Country--Native clinics health centers national organizations a comprehensive network of supporters that a 501(c)(3) organization needs to survive. We partnered with Indian Health Service clinics under a multi-year cooperative agreement and they help fund some of our student programs says McDaniel. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also works with the organization on public health programs. Although a lot of people still don t know about us we re here and we have a lot to offer in the way of programs and support to young people Knight says. We don t want them to be out there struggling by themselves trying to surmount the myriad problems encountered in becoming a part of the medical profession. We help make that path easier to walk. Association of American Indian Physicians 1225 Sovereign Row Suite 103 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 73108 (405) 946 7072 DECEMBER 2017 25 & Reconciliation Reconnection BY ROBIN A. LADUE TRIBE AGAINST TRIBE PART FOUR OF A FOUR PART SERIES s I sat down to write this article on Sept. 7 at my house that is located 6.2 miles from the Jolly Mountain fire in the central Cascades there was a huge fire burning to the south of me near Mount Tahoma and there is a fire burning along the Columbia gorge near Mount Wy East. To the north there was another fire in the Wenatchee National Forest. To the south thousands of acres of mismanaged forests were burning in central Oregon stretching down to the very end of California. To the far south of where I am the flood waters of Hurricane Harvey have receded leaving thousands of Houstonians homeless. Another hurricane Irma was making landfall. Puerto Rico was just devastated by Hurricane Maria and thousands of tons of badly needed goods were left in harbors. Indeed the USA is having so many disasters and tragedies you d almost think it was built on thousands of ancient Indian burial grounds. In the midst of this devastation common people in thousands of neighborhoods and cities have banded together to help each other and to ensure that as many people as possible are safe and protected. The first three articles of this series have examined the problems of Native tribes working against each other people within tribes fighting with each other and their tribal councils and even killing each other and the historical factors that led to these conflicts. While Indian Country often seems to be under siege from many sides tribal leadership has sadly not always been able to work with other tribes for the benefit of all. Given the outside forces that often work against Indian Country it will be crucial for tribes to work together to conserve tribal rights natural resources and tribal lands and sovereignty. As has been demonstrated in the face of huge natural disasters when ordinary people put aside their differences they can achieve success and preserve what might otherwise have been lost. While so much 26 DECEMBER 2017 FEATURE ONLY WITH THE STRENGTH THAT HAS ALWAYS BEEN IN INDIAN COUNTRY AND A RETURN TO OUR TRADITIONAL VALUES WILL OUR CHILDREN BE ABLE TO LIVE IN A WORLD THAT VALUES OUR WORLD. DECEMBER 2017 27 has been stripped from Indian Country there are still attempts for tribes to work in conjunction with each other creating connections and organizations with the shared hopes and goals. This article will present some of the ways in which in the face of enormous odds and adversity tribes are coming together. American Indian Movement jacket The environmental damage done by the fires and hurricanes that are devastating the United States such as the loss of tillable farm land and wetlands timber clean water and basic infrastructure is not unknown in Indian Country. In fact it has been the loss of these resources that is at the center of conflicts THE USA IS HAVING SO MANY DISASTERS between and within tribes. Examples of AND TRAGEDIES YOU D ALMOST THINK IT situations where tribes have come together to address crucial concerns include the WAS BUILT ON THOUSANDS OF ANCIENT following INDIAN BURIAL GROUNDS. National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) American Indian Movement (AIM) SHUTUPMIKEGINN Intertribal Timber Council Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission Native American Fish and Wildlife Society Native American Rights Fund Intertribal Bison Council 28 DECEMBER 2017 Intertribal Agriculture Council Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) NCAI - Land & Natural Resources United South & Eastern Tribes Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians A quick review of these organizations shows that many of the inter-tribal efforts focus on the preservation and restoration of natural resources. Others such as the NCAI are intended to represent and protect Native American rights and status as sovereign nations. AIM was founded in 1968 by Dennis Banks Clyde Bellecourt Eddie Benton Banai and George Mitchell. AIM as is the purpose of NACI was to protect the civil rights of Native people who had been forced into urban ghettos under the terrible termination and relocation programs of the 1940s-1970s. While AIM often is characterized as a militant organization in fact its goals were similar to those of NCAI the protection and preservation of Native American rights and sovereignty. NCAI was founded in 1944 and is the oldest largest and most representative American Indian and Alaska Native organization serving the broad interests of tribal government and communities. NCAI was founded to address the devastating policies of termination and relocation. NCAI for over 70 years has striven to achieve a consensus between the diverse membership of Alaska Native and American Indian communities. There are 250 member tribal governments and thousands of individual members of NCAI. In addition to fighting for tribal treaty rights NCAI now works in advocacy of educational campaigns and events and programmatic initiatives. There is also the NCAI Policy Research Center (PRC). The PRC is a think tank based on and focused on policy development efforts with tribally driven data and analysis. Like NCAI AIM has the same goals of the preservation of tribal treaty rights serving as a voice for displaced Native people promoting economic independence revitalizing traditional culture and the protection of legal rights. The latter goal targeted increasing and restoring autonomy over tribal lands that were believed to have been illegally seized. Both NCAI and AIM have produced re- FEATURE vered leaders and statesmen whose words still ring true today. They include N. B. Johnson first president of NCAI Mel Tonasket Vine DeLoria executive director Jospeh De La Cruz Suzan Shown Harjo executive cirector Presidential Medal of Freedom Honoree Dennis Banks founding member Russell Means activist and actor Floyd Red Crow Westerman activist folk singer and actor AIM members were present at the Wounded Knee II standoff in South Dakota in 1973. While there have been many varying reports of what happened at Wounded Knee in 1973 the results were the deaths of both AIM members and federal agents. Leonard Peltier convicted of the murder of two federal agents in 1975 remains in prison having been denied a pardon under President Obama. This denial was despite the Amnesty International placing Peltier s case under unfair trials in 2010. We must not forget that major civil and treaty rights victories started with individual Indians. It was an Indian or two or more who most often put their lives or livelihoods on the line in defense of civil liberties or treaty rights. It was those individual Indians who inspired tribal govLeonard Peltier FBI poster ernments and in turn organizations such as NCAI and AIM to join the fray and help achieve political or legal victory. In this era of tribal self-determination fueled by Indian gaming in particular we cannot lose sight of the foundation that tribal members laid for governmental and commercial growth by tribes. And with capitalistic forces like disenrollment swallowing up tribal members and overcoming the traditional ways of some tribes we especially can never forget the sacrifices made by individual Indians in the spirit of tribalism. Despite other differences the tribes of the NWIFC have come together to save the precious salmon that plays such an important part of their history and is viewed as the precious legacy for generations to come. Among the more than 25 member tribes of the NWIFC are tribes that are historical enemies and in recent times have sued each other to prevent the recognition of other tribes and the limitation of treaty rights of other Wounded Knee AIM veterans tribes. The Intertribal Buffalo Council includes tribes from the Northwest Alaska the the Great Sioux Nation the Great Plains and the Southwest. The goals of the ITBC to preserve and restore the noble buffalo to its original lands is similar to that of the NWIFC to restore the salmon runs. While the 58 members of the ITBC may have had other historical political and economic differences they have all committed to the preservation of the bison. Another well respected organization is the Indian Law Firm the Native American Rights Fund (NARF). While many people in Indian Country have not heard of this organization NARF has been around for 50 years being founded in the same time frame as AIM. NARF is headquartered DECEMBER 2017 29 FEATURE in Boulder Colorado and now includes 40 full-time staff members including 15 attorneys. NARF s vision as outlined by Executive Director John Echohaw is We ask for nothing more and will accept nothing less than the U.S. Government keeping the promises it has made to Native Americans. NARF helps preserve tribal existence protect tribal natural resources promote Native American human rights hold governments accountable to Native Americans and develop Indian law and Trail of Tears educate the public about Indian rights laws and issues. In the previous three articles in this series the terrible and heart wrenching battles between tribes tribal members and tribal council members and tribes versus local state and federal governments have been examined. Now Indian Country is once again facing enormous battles and there is no place for the types of conflicts that have so marked the history of Native Americans. Ryan Zinke the current Secretary of the Interior has amply demonstrated his disdain of Native people and rights. In a visit earlier in 2017 to the hotly contested and highly sacred to Native Americans Bears Ears monument Zinke was confronted by a Dine protestor by the name of Cassandra Begay. Begay is the tribal liaison with the Peaceful Advocates for Native Dialogue and Organizing Support. Zinke s words speak for themselves When are you going to meet with the 30 DECEMBER 2017 tribal leaders Cassandra Begay asks. It s kind of unfair that you ve only met with them for one hour sir. Is there a reason why you re not listening to them more After being twice ignored Begay presses Zinke again. He turns around and walks up to the much-shorter Begay. Holding up his finger Zinke forcefully says Be. Nice. I m so nice Begay replies. Be nice Zinke says again. Don t be rude. Thank you. The behavior shown by Zinke in this interaction is appalling. It is simply one more example of a white man shutting down and attempting to silence a Native American woman. It is no surprise that Zinke is threatening to cut the size of sacred lands and monuments by huge percentages. If the consequences of Zinke s highly inappropriate comments to Begay are not clear it should be remembered that the Bureau of Indian Affairs now falls under Zinke s control. Time in many ways has run out for Indian Country but Native people are spending precious time and resources to fight each other. Yet there are many concerns that bring Native people together the protection of children the recovery of Native Americans and First Native people from the horror and trauma of the residential schools the protection and restoration of natural resources from timber lands to fish to the noble bison from the removal of harmful and deadly dams to the protection of Native spiritual beliefs and lands. If the tribes involved in the efforts briefly described above can bring tribes and individuals together there is hope that these efforts can spread and bring an even more coordinated effort to save Native culture and resources. It is time for tribal memberships to hold their leaders accountable to the future generations to remember that all indigenous people have similar histories and losses and that we are more same than different. Indian Country is filled with Native American Alaska Native and First Nations lawyers doctors teachers true spiritual leaders Water Warriors forward thinking and sober tribal leaders increasingly educated tribal memberships organizations and most importantly Native children who are learning their language and seeing the hated Columbus Day giving way to Indigenous People s day. If it is true that we as Native people must learn from the seven generations that came before us and work to preserve our world for the seven generations to come then we certainly have the leadership and strong voices to press forward. As the great bison knew there is power in numbers. While our numbers may be small we as Indigenous people do know how to survive. It is time to stop counting coup on each other as our ancestors did and to start counting legal financial spiritual and cultural coup on those such as Ryan Zinke Kelsey Warren Markwayne Mullin and yes Donald Trump. Only with the strength that has always been in Indian Country and a return to our traditional values will our children be able to live in a world that values our world. ROBIN A. LADUE PHD IS A RETIRED CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST. SHE IS AN ENROLLED MEMBER OF THE COWLITZ INDIAN TRIBE. SHE IS THE AUTHOR OF THE PRIZE-WINNING SERIES JOURNEY THROUGH THE HEALING CIRCLE AND THE PRIZE WINNING NOVEL TOTEMS OF SEPTEMBER. DR. LADUE HAS TAUGHT ON HISTORICAL TRAUMA AND FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDER IN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES AROUND THE WORLD. LADUE WOULD LIKE TO THINK HER ALWAYS READY EDITOR ALAN J. WILLOUGHBY JD MPH AN ATTORNEY WHO HAS BEEN DEEPLY INVOLVED WITH THE FOSTER CARE SYSTEM AND ARTIST JANET GADALLAH (RICE LIKE FIRST NATIONS BAND) EDITOR AT LARGE. ACCOUNTING I Time for Engagement AN ACTIVE ROLE IN SETTING STANDARDS CAN BENEFIT YOUR TRIBE BY TASHA REPP ve been fortunate enough to have the opportunity throughout my career to provide critical and objective feedback to accounting and auditing standard-setters and other regulators giving tribes a voice in this process--and helping to ensure their concerns and needs are addressed. I hope this article explains why it s so important for tribes to have this seat at the table. UNIFORM GUIDANCE Several years ago I had the opportunity to work with the Native American Finance Officers Association (NAFOA) consultation group that reviewed the draft grant regulations issued by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to create what s now referred to as uniform guidance. We spent time combing through the details of the guidance so that we could accomplish the following Evaluate the impact these regulations would have on tribes See if there were opportunities to make beneficial changes As a result of our activity the uniform guidance was modified to provide tribes the ability to opt out of making their financial statements publically available on the Federal Audit Clearinghouse website. GOVERNMENTAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADVISORY COUNCIL For the past five years I ve served as NAFOA s representative to the Governmental Accounting Standards Advisory Council (GASAC). The GASAC provides feedback to the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) on setting new accounting standards which apply to almost all tribal governments and their businesses. Accordingly these standards can significantly impact tribal and accounting finance teams as well as the users of tribal financial statements--serving as a reminder that it s important to stay on top of coming changes. ONGOING GASB PROJECTS A few recently issued standards on fiduciary activities and leases are expected to have significant impacts on how tribes account or present financial information related to 401(k) plans Minor s trust accounts Operating leases The GASB also has a number of in-progress projects that will likely have a significant impact on tribal financial reporting. It s important to be aware of these projects now while there s still an opportunity to provide input and influence the final guidance. FINANCIAL REPORTING MODEL The GASB is reevaluating how tribal financial statements are structured and is likely to make changes that will impact all tribal financial statements such as Basis of accounting or how tribes account for governmental-funded activities Presentation of tribal casino and other tribal enterprise financial statements impacting the information available to users of those statements REVENUE AND EXPENSE RECOGNITION This project is evaluating whether the model used to recognize revenue and expenses in tribal financial statements should change. EQUITY-METHOD INVESTMENTS The GASB intends to provide guidance on how to account for equity-method investments. With the increased level of tribes investing in new and diversified businesses this project will be important to keep an eye on. NEXT STEPS It s important for tribes and their enterprises to be aware of financial and regulatory changes-- even if the process can be complicated and time consuming. And for entities with the resources it can be beneficial to devote time to participating in available consultation and feedback processes. TASHA REPP HAS BEEN IN PUBLIC ACCOUNTING SINCE 1997. SHE S A MEMBER OF THE SAMISH INDIAN NATION AND SERVES AS THE NATIONAL PRACTICE LEADER FOR THE FIRM S TRIBAL & GAMING PRACTICE. TASHA CAN BE REACHED AT (360) 685-2246 OR TASHA.REPP MOSSADAMS.COM. ASSURANCE TAX AND CONSULTING OFFERED THROUGH MOSS ADAMS LLP. WEALTH MANAGEMENT OFFERED THROUGH MOSS ADAMS WEALTH ADVISORS LLC. INVESTMENT BANKING OFFERED THROUGH MOSS ADAMS CAPITAL LLC. 32 DECEMBER 2017 TOURISM DON T OVERLOOK BISON AND BUFFALO WHEN IT COMES TO PROMOTING NATIVE AMERICAN TOURISM. Iconic symbol of Indian Country boosts tourism BY KEVIN GALE DECEMBER 2017 33 TOURISM Buffalo and bison can promote tourism on t overlook bison and buffalo when it comes to promoting Native American tourism. Author Francie M. Berg is helping the cause with her books The Last Great Buffalo Hunts and Buffalo Trails in the Dakota Buttes. The latter is especially tourism oriented since it serves as a guidebook to 10 sites with historic and current buffalo events. Readers also get to see scenic buttes badlands and grazing lands. About 50 000 buffalo made their last stand in what was then the Great Sioux reservation. All the buffalo had gone west when railroads came. Then 50 000 came back to what was then reservation lands. The borders have changed since then Berg says. White hide hunters were not allowed to hunt on reservations. That s why they stayed in this area longer. These days buffalo can be a major tourism draw Berg says. Europeans and Asians love to come to the U.S. and see buffalo and visit the tribes. Berg has written 15 books on topics such as health and weight loss but has a love of the Old West. She grew up on a Montana ranch and lives in Hettinger N.D. a few miles from her grandparents homestead in WHERE TO BUY Francie M. Berg s two books are available South Dakota. The Dakota Buttes Museum is the starting at the Hettinger Chamber of Commerce (701) 567-2531 stores in the area or downloaded as point for the 10-stop tour. Old timers would tell Berg e-books at https buffalotrails or http about the last buffalo hunts and she became intrigued. She BuffaloTrails started researching primary source material. She read My Friend the Indian the 1910 memoirs of James McLaughlin who was an agent of the Devils Lake Sioux and the Standing Rock Agency who wrote about one of the final hunts. McLaughlin s account fit well with William Temple Hornaday s accounts in The Extermination of the American Bison which was published in 1889 she says. Congregational missionary Thomas Lawrence Riggs also went on some of the last hunts which he documented in the book Sunset to Sunset. 34 DECEMBER 2017 Hornaday wrote about Sitting Bull s final hunt. He and his band killed 1 200 buffalo on October 12 and 13 1883. That was the end of the wild buffalo herds. There were a few pockets here and Previous page roundup photo there. People were always having the last courtesy of South Dakota buffalo hunt Berg says. State Tourism Berg s research found that a Lakota Sioux family Fred and Mary Dupris were instrumental in preventing buffalos from going extinct. They saved five buffalo calves and put them in with their cattle to be nursed. The locations on the buffalo trail are the only place where the whole story of the buffalo comes together Berg says. That includes areas where the calves were saved the last hunts and a buffalo jump with 16 feet of bones on the side of a cliff. Buffalo jumps occurred when Native Americans drove herds of bison over a cliff breaking their legs which allowed members at the bottom of the cliff to finish them off. One location is entirely on reservation land connected to the Standing Rock Sioux tribe. A YouTube video shows a buffalo herd thundering by during a protest against the Dakota Access Pipeline. They appreciate people coming there to see their herds she says. The Standing Rock Sioux were one of the oldest tribes to have their own herd of buffalo. Tribes who are looking to incorporate buffalo into cultural tourism might consider joining the InterTribal Buffalo Council. Its mission statement is Restoring buffalo to the Indian Country to preserve our historical cultural traditional and spiritual relationship for future generations. The council reports 58 tribes are members in 19 states. Many tribes that didn t have buffalo in their culture have decided they want to have a herd of their own Berg says. The tribes themselves appreciate having buffalo and trying to incorporate it back in their culture in some ways the way it used to be. There s a great deal of sentiment and religious traditions that go back to the buffalo and tribal people. Francie M. Berg What You should Know About the Flu What is influenza (the flu) The flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose throat and lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness. At times it can lead to death. When should I get a flu vaccine It s difficult to know when flu activity will peak. So vaccination before December is best to ensure protection. However even getting vaccinated in December or later can be protective because influenza disease can last as late as May. It takes 2 weeks after getting the vaccine for your body to develop an immune response against influenza. Who should get a flu vaccine Everyone 6 months and older should get a flu vaccine especially if you are at high risk for complications or if you live with or care for someone who is high risk for complications. Influenza poses a greater risk to certain people including pregnant women children and elders who are all at high risk for flu-related complications. In fact pneumonia and flu are a leading cause of death among Native elders. The flu also can cause certain health conditions including diabetes asthma and heart and lung disease to become worse. Pneumonia and bronchitis are examples of serious flu-related complications which can result in hospitalization and sometimes even death. Your family may be especially vulnerable to the flu. Why do I need to get a flu vaccine each year You need a flu vaccine each year because influenza viruses are always changing and immunity wanes over time. Each year experts identify the influenza viruses that are the most likely to cause illness during the upcoming flu season. Your flu vaccine protects against those viruses. It does not protect against other viruses (such as colds or stomach viruses) or against very different influenza viruses not in the vaccine. The influenza vaccine is safe. You can t get the flu from the flu vaccine. People have been receiving flu vaccines for more than 50 years. Vaccine safety is closely monitored annually by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Hundreds of millions of flu vaccines have been given safely to people across the country for decades. The viruses in the flu shot are killed and the viruses in the nasal spray vaccine are weakened so neither vaccine can cause the flu. A flu shot can have mild side effects such as soreness or swelling where the vaccine was received a mild fever or aches. Mild side effects of the nasal spray can include runny nose headache sore throat and cough. Any side effects you experience are not contagious to others and should disappear within 2 days. Where do I get a flu vaccine -Your local healthcare facility (even if you don t have a regular doctor or nurse) -Mobile and community-based immunization clinics that visit many locations -Pharmacies and grocery stores (where available) Ask your Community Health Representative (CHR) or Community Health Aide (CHA) for more information. is publication was made possible by cooperative agreement number 1U38OT000161 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Association of State and Territorial Health O cials (ASTHO). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the o cial views of CDC or ASTHO. Ian Stamper-Windy Boy Harnessing Technology HOW IAN STAMPER-WINDY BOY MELDED TRIBAL TRADITIONS WITH A CAREER OPPORTUNITY BY WILLIAM T. ROGERS rowing up as a member of the Chippewa Cree Tribe at Rocky Boy Reservation in Montana Ian Stamper-Windy Boy dreamed of becoming an NBA star. However he soon realized that his height of 5 6 would substantially limit his shot to be in the NBA. 36 DECEMBER 2017 ENTREPRENEURS Rocky Boy Reservation Luckily his fifth grade teacher at Rocky Boy Elementary petitive environment. He took the opportunity to learn how to School Gerald Small saw the student s potential and encour- convert 2D images into 3D using a computer which lead to a aged another interest -- computers. Small often gave Stamper second place showing at the end of summer in a competition a full day of school work in the morning and if he completed among the Texas A&M apprentices. After graduating as valedictorian from Box Elder schools his assignments by noon he could go to the gym or work on graphic designs using Apple s Macintosh Classic. With that he chose DeVry University in Phoenix to further his education. motivation Stamper consistently finished his work early so He used savings from summer jobs working at the Box Elder he could have the afternoon for what he really enjoyed. He schools as a grounds keeper and general maintenance as well credits Small with boosting his self-confidence and the intro- as year-round odd jobs in the community to cover non-school expense. A Pell Grant combined with Native American scholduction to positive work ethic. In the seventh grade he transferred to the Box Elder Mon- arships paid for his college education. However it became tana school district to play with the more competitive basket- clear his savings wouldn t get him to graduation so throughout his college years he worked at ball team. Once again his computthe restaurant Denny s and at an aler skills overshadowed his athletic ternative financing company where abilities. Throughout his junior high NEXT MONTH READ PART 2 he started as a teller and worked his and high school years he continued OF IAN STAMPERway up to manager. He also worked advancing his computer skills. In his WINDY BOY S STORY at CRC Information Systems which sophomore year he met the new sysIan Stamper-Windy Boy (Chippewa Cree provided printing and business mantems administrator Linda Brown who Tribe) is chief operating officer of Plain agement software. That job was hiss immediately recognized Stamper s Green LLC. He has 13 plus years of expeintroduction to business technology. dedication and encouraged him to take rience in IT data and analytics solutions at During his senior year in college a college-level 3D modeling course. both startups and high-growth companies. he was laid off from CRC Information As his interest grew she introduced Past leadership roles include AVP of busiSystems requiring him and his new him to Microsoft Visual Basics a class ness analytics for Merchant Services at Bank family to return to the Rocky Boy Resshe intended to offer in the following of America owner of ISWB Consulting and ervation. Back in Montana he launched year. He immediately was hooked and senior product specialist at Bank of America. a consulting practice to support tribal wanted to learn more. businesses in developing technology At the time resources for learning and creating network infrastructure. about technology on Rocky Boy ResWorking as a consultant allowed Ian and his family to ervation were very limited. Brown arranged for him to use the computer lab before school at lunch and after school so he return to Phoenix in 2003 where he was hired by Bank of would have access to software and the internet to further his America as a developer. He chose to return to DeVry to get learning. He frequently stayed so late after school--even past his bachelor of arts degree in technology management. He midnight--that he eventually was given a key to the campus was with Bank of America for 13 years and was progressiveto lockup at night. He absorbed and mastered the VB6 mate- ly promoted to senior developer analyst senior analyst and rial to the point that he was asked to teach the class during his eventually associate vice president of business analytics for junior year. His hard work led to a second place showing at merchant services. While at Bank of America he was presented with an opMontana s annual technology fair and first place in his senior portunity to return home and apply 15 years of experience year for developing a game. A turning point for him was winning an essay contest that and knowledge to work for Plain Green LLC a wholly-owned allowed him to join the NASA Sharp Plus (Summer High business of the Chippewa Cree Tribe. Knowing the disparity School Apprentice Research Program) giving him the op- in job opportunities and motivated to give back to the comportunity to attend an eight-week summer course at Texas munity that supported him he returned to Rocky Boy ReserA&M University. This was the first time he was among most- vation. In late 2015 he began working for Plain Green with ly non-native people for an extended period of time without the hope he could affect the disparity and focus on economic friends or family. He quickly adjusted and thrived in the com- development especially for kids. DECEMBER 2017 37 The Seminole Tribe of Florida leveraged its Hard Rock hotels and casinos to buy the Hard Rock brand COMMERCIAL TRIBAL CASINOS LEARN FROM ONE ANOTHER BY NICK SORTAL Winning Strategy ne could argue that the United States is becoming more homogenized (with the obvious exception of politics). We listen to country rap and pop all in the same playlist. You can get a bagel just about everywhere now not just in certain neighborhoods. Same for sushi. The cultural blend also goes for gambling where Native American and commercial casinos are becoming more alike. That s not by accident. As the casino industry has matured in the United States each half of the Indian-commercial casino equation has studied from the other and each half has attempted to work with the NICK SORTAL IS other. BASED IN PLANTATION There are differences between us but you have FLORIDA AND WRITES to get over it says Geoff Freeman president of the FOR THE MIAMI American Gaming Association which represents the HERALD CDC GAMING casino industry as a whole. There are also differencREPORTS AND OTHER es just within commercial gaming entities. There are PUBLICATIONS. REACH differences within every industry. HIM AT NICKSORTAL The National Indian Gaming Association repBELLSOUTH.NET. resents about 200 tribes. NIGA Chairman Ernie Ste38 DECEMBER 2017 vens noted that tribal involvement in the AGA is still in infancy with seven tribes joining the group (although three are notable representing the Mohegan Sun Foxwoods and the Seminole Tribe of Florida). We made a very consequential decision and we re not uniting for the sake of uniting. We re uniting because it s important to our future Stevens says. Freeman added I don t see a divide between tribal gaming and commercial gaming and our customers don t see a difference. It s casino gaming to them. Tribal gaming began booming after the 1988 passage of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act and in the years immediately afterward commercial operators and suppliers used tribal gaming to expand their businesses. That also helped the tribes who lacked personnel experienced in the business. Stevens says working with commercial casinos helped tribes hit the ground running. The tribes started offering Class II gaming with products that even a casual gambler could see were inferior to the slots in Atlantic City and Las Vegas. But over time states seeking revenue negotiated compacts with the tribes who received the right to offer Class III gaming in return. GAMING Then the tribes became more aggressive in ventures that go beyond their reservation The Seminole Tribe of Florida acquired the licensing rights to two Hard Rock casinos in the state and leveraged that success to acquire the Hard Rock International brand outright in 2007 for 965 million. They now have hotels casinos or restaurants in 75 countries. Two Connecticut Tribes the Mohegans (owners of Mohegan Sun) and the Mashantucket Pequots (Foxwoods) responding to growth in the mid-Atlantic and Northeast moved into Pennsylvania. The Mohegans acquired the Pocono Downs racetrack in Wilkes-Barre in 2005 from Penn National Gaming for 280 million and launched it in 2006 as the state s first slot parlor. Several subsequent expansions have brought about a four-star hotel and strong revenues. The Mohegans seeing the mid-Atlantic and the East Coast saturated then looked to South Korea and in 2016 received the right to build what will be the largest casino in South Korea at Incheon International Airport. The Mohegans and the Pequots are also teaming up in a commercial venture to build a third casino in northern Connecticut. The property should compete with MGM s new Massachusetts property being built in nearby Springfield. The Poarch Band of Creek1Indians based in1 15 PM last Alabama AAIP_postcard_3.pdf 9 14 17 year announced the purchase of the Margaritaville Casino in Bossier City Louisiana. The tribe also has assumed management and operational responsibilities of a new casino owned by the Washoe tribe near Reno Nevada. The growth has also cemented the importance of gaming to the tribes. Recent figures show that gaming collected about 30 billion in revenues for tribes while non-gaming revenues were at about 3.9 billion. The biggest trends in Class II is that the product is as competitive today as it is on any Class III floor says Andrew Burke senior vice president of slot productions for AGS. I went to Desert Diamond in (Tucson) Arizona and it s a Class II but I had a hard time telling the difference says Burke whose company started off by producing Class II games. And I m in the business. Burke says tribal gaming has advantages that commercial casinos don t. For example players are more dedicated in tribal markets he says. They re coming more frequently ... multiple times a week multiple times a month. It s understandable if those rooted in Native American casinos stop for a moment and ask if this homogenization is good. But I d suggest that the answer should arrive pretty quickly Revenues are still climbing which indicates the public interest and comfort level with Native American casinos is on the rise. Just make sure the food court has bagels. And sushi. C M Y CM MY CY CMY K DECEMBER 2017 39 TBJ PROFESSIONAL DIRECTORY PRINTED VERSION TribalGovernmentandEnterprisePrograms StacyA.Sullivan CIC ACSR TribalSpecialist AccountExecutive Email Stacy RD DOC PLATO Founder Owner The Plato Group GARY DAVIS (Cherokee) CEO of NAFSA Native American Financial Services Association Gary Litefoot Davis of the Cherokee Nation is the Exec Director of the Native American Financial Services Association -NAFSA. He is also an award winning actor musician entrepreneur author and public speaker. Past Pres and CEO of the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development -NCAIED and Board of Directors. ERNIE STEVENS JR. KARRIE WICHTMAN (Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians) Managing Partner Rosette LLP Kerrie possesses over a decade of experience building and maintaining relationships with tribal communities. She manages a national majority Indian-owned and operated law firm with offices in MI AZ CA and DC. She supervises reviews coordinates and directs legal work product of more than 17 attorneys and 10 support staff. STACY Chairman National Indian Gaming Association A. SULLIVAN Tribal Specialist Account Executive Sullivan Insurance Agency RD Doc Plato is the founder and leader of The Plato Group a national consulting fi rm focusing on occupational safety and health. Dr. Plato has a passion for developing OSH programs in tribal communities and local leaders to direct those programs. He also serves on the Leadership Council of the National Small Business Association. Ernie Stevens Jr. is the Chairman and national spokesperson for the National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA) in Washington D.C. Stevens is currently completing his seventh two-year term as the organization s leader which is a position elected by the member tribes of the National Indian Gaming Association. Since 1984 Stacy has worked hard to maintain a close working relationship with each of her tribal clients using her experience and knowledge to benefit each. She provides a personal touch and views each situation from their side of the desk while navigating their needs. Knowing the importance of todays environment in Indian Country. BUSINESS ADVICE If you are good enough at what you do the marketplace will not be able to ignore you. Never be a vendor always be an expert. BUSINESS ADVICE No one will be more on fire than you regarding your vision always be passionate. Be clear in communicating goals and apply timelines. BUSINESS ADVICE Every day work hard for your member tribes to build a coalition and empower Indian Country. BUSINESS ADVICE A process to vet business opportunities corporate governance and a legal framework are essential elements of success. BUSINESS ADVICE Be involved and transparent make yourself available and treat everyone the way you want to be treated in life and in business. QUOTE QUOTE Make yourself malleable. Shapeable. Be adaptable & improvise in order to overcome the obstacles placed in your path. QUOTE Our membership is our strength and we are strongest when our voice is unified. QUOTE When opportunity doesn t knock Indian Country has the ability to build a door. QUOTE There is only one boss the customer. He controls from the top down simply by spending his money somewhere else. -Sam Walton Never be satisfi ed. 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TBJ PROFESSIONAL DIRECTORY DIGITAL VERSION Home Page QR code will take the viewer to your digital home page Ernie Stevens Jr. Chairman National Indian Gaming Association Ernie Stevens Jr. is the Chairman and national spokesperson for the National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA) in Washington D.C. Stevens is currently completing his seventh two-year term as the organization s leader which is a position elected by the member tribes of the National Indian Gaming Association. Highlight Page Click on image and your highlight page pops up QR Codes Quick scan with QR App or iPhone users ask Siri or simple point camera to scan. CLICK TO CALL DECEMBER 2017 41 T Seminoles going big with guitar-shaped hotel 1.5 billion upgrade BY NICK SORTAL capacity ever since Allen says. We have not had a mass-marketing campaign outside of this 50-mile radius because frankly we have never had the space Allen says. The tribe announced plans for the hotel during compact negotiations back in March 2015 and offered renderings a year later during a visit by Gov. Rick Scott to the tribe s Hollywood headquarters. A year later workers knocked down the existing Seminole Paradise and cleared new space moved concrete and started construction. The Seminoles firmed up their financial future in July when Scott announced settlement of a lawsuit between the state and the tribe allowing the tribe to conduct blackjack and other table games at its casinos in the state through 2030. With that as a baseline for their revenues the tribe accelerated the hotel project. Before you spend this kind of money you need a solidified political environment Allen says. And the actions of Gov. Scott solidified more than 3 000 permanent jobs here at this site alone. It would be unfair to not acknowledge the work of Gov. Scott. The Hollywood property already is a major player. Its haul for the fiscal year ending June 30 2016 the most recent data available was more than 579 million--more than what the eight South Florida pari-mutuel casinos earned combined. Figures reported to the state for 2015-16 show the tribe s seven Florida casinos took in 2.3 billion. Allen added that he is proud to have a top-level financial rating from all three major entities--Moody s Fitch and Standard & Poor s--saying you d be surprised at how respected we are. Florida s other gaming venues are struggling. Horse tracks dog tracks and jai alai frontons are pleading with the Florida Legislature to get their slot machine taxes reduced from 35 percent to 25 percent and to get low-stakes blackjack. They re also trying to get out of the requirement to conduct pari-mutuel activities--namely dog racing and jai alai--that are losing money. Demonstrating how much further they re falling behind is likely to bolster their argument with legislators. The Seminoles rise is part of a national trend involving Native American casinos. Revenues for Indian casinos now surpass those of commercial casinos according to a study published in April by economist Alan Meister of California-based Nathan Associates. The year-over-year revenue chart for Indian casinos looks like a hill the commercial casinos show only a mild incline. he current hotel at the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino is 12 floors which is small by Las Vegas standards but large enough to tower metaphorically over the gambling scene in South Florida. And it s nothing compared to what s next. Seminole officials gave details in October of a massive expansion that has been in the plans now for almost a decade. It includes a 450-foot guitar-shaped hotel that almost triples room space and a new 7 000-seat concert hall that officials hope will attract events such as awards shows. Here in Hollywood Florida it will rival anything in Hollywood California says Jim Allen CEO of Seminole Gaming and chairman of Hard Rock International. The new hall will cost 100 million he says and the existing 5 500-seat Hard Rock Live will be razed in March. Allen hosted reporters Seminole tribal members and others at an outdoor event under a large tent just a few feet away from the new project which carries an estimated cost of 1.5 billion. The work is expected to be completed in summer 2019. The NFL Miami Dolphins stadium is called Hard Rock Stadium and the Seminole tribe wants a big splash for the Super Bowl when Miami holds it in 2020. Bruce Springsteen s guitarist Steven Van Zandt also appeared at the event and Nicko McBrain of Iron Maiden gave a drum solo prelude to the customary guitar smash at Seminole Hard Rock events. Allen says he has been working for about a decade on plans for the hotel which is being built where the old Seminole Paradise was. We think the building itself will be a must-see attraction he says. Seminole publicists compared the guitar-shaped hotel to Paris Eiffel Tower the St. Louis Gateway Arch and the Washington Monument. There s also a 10-acre pool complex that will include something called the Bora Bora Experience with private villas surrounded entirely by water and waterfalls. Chickeecabanas will dot the banks of the lagoon-style resort pool which will also include beach club dining and activities such as canoes and paddleboats. When completed the hotel will have about 1 300 rooms 3 500 slot machines 200 table games and 60 000 square feet of new retail and restaurant space. The existing hotel opened in 2004 and has been at 96 percent 42 DECEMBER 2017 HOSPITALITY DECEMBER 2017 43 Doubling Down PASCUA YAQUI TRIBE EXPANDS CASINO DEL SOL BY LEE ALLEN hen the Pascua Yaqui tribe began to develop 70-acres of high desert mesquite country just west of Tucson it had high hopes but probably couldn t envision just how rapidly and in how many different directions things would continue to grow. In the latest iteration the tribe s popular Casino Del Sol endeavor has literally and figuratively doubled down big time. Chronologically the PY players came late to the game. It wasn t until 1978 that federal recognition was even given as a sovereign nation for the small reservation community of 15 000 enrolled members living in a tight-knit area known as New Pascua. Like many tribes that had previously gotten into gaming and tourism theirs was a quiet entry punctured only by cries of bingo coming from a 9 000-square-foot tented bingo hall that opened in 1992. The Bingo Club as it was initially called was expanded two years later to include the original pride of the tribe called Casino of the Sun with Keno and 300 slot machines and billed as the first of its kind west of the Mississippi. A second gaming venue located a short distance away Casino Del Sol opened to the public in 2001 featuring an entertainment amphitheatre that seated several thousand. As more folks discovered the development just outside of town a 130 million expansion project drew even bigger crowds to check out the brand-new 10-story 215-room 161 000-square-foot resort hotel topped off with creative imagination by an 11 000-pound perforated copper dome with LED lighting inside. Created by a Las Vegas-based sign-maker accustomed to designing glitz and glamour the dome s perforations allowed light to be visible at night a figurative beacon that drew even more visitors to try their luck at the slot machines live blackjack poker and bingo at Casino Del Sol. By 2006 the money was rolling in with gamers visiting the two casino sites to the tune of slightly over 100 million in gross gaming revenue. Expansion continued in 2013 with the arrival of the Notah Begay-designed Sewailo (Flower World) Golf Course rimmed with 30 000 native flowers and plants along the lakes and waterfalls found among desert cacti. It was ranked by Golf Week as one of the Top 25 Best Courses You Can Play in Arizona and selected among the Best New Courses in the Country by Golf Digest. For a tribe that used to live basically out in the middle of nowhere spotlights began to be turned on. In fact lights of any kind according to then Chief Development Officer Mark Birtha who commented It wasn t long ago that electricity was just be44 DECEMBER 2017 Photo courtesy Michael Caballero Casino Del Sol ing introduced out here and look what the community has done since. One of his counterpart corporate officials Steve Neely then executive director of marketing asked simply Why would anyone want to go anywhere else Apparently they wouldn t and the build it and they will come adage has proven true with the announcement of plans for a new 150-room three-star family-friendly hotel close to its four-Star counterpart. Already ranked by Trip Advisor among the Top 10 Hotels in Tucson the need to expand became apparent when bookings repeatedly exceeded capacity. We were fortunate to have a situation where our rooms were sold out says CEO Kimberly Van Amburg. Our annual occupancy rate is 98 percent and that meant that on concert nights and during weekend special events we were turning away as many as 200 to 300 potential guests who would have loved to spend the night. It made good business sense to add some more rooms. GAMING The site currently home to 65 000 square feet of event space with a conference center will now expand by another nearly 10 000-square-feet to include breakout meeting room availability as well as nearly 100 additional spaces in the casino s RV Park. Conceptually even the architects (Cuningham Group of Las Vegas) are still wrestling with what the new facility will look like. We ve not yet created a design (although) the new hotel will complement the unique Southwestern-influenced mission-style that defines the Casino Del Sol brand according to architect Brett Ewing. Desert-inspired earth tones will be carried throughout the site as well as an introduction of bold colors in certain locations. We re eager to start the design process. At this point we really don t know what the final product will look like beyond it being complimentary to the existing resort hotel says Van Amburg. We re focused on pursuing economic development opportunities wherever they might prove beneficial to members of our tribe says Chairman Robert Valencia. With an existing payroll of 1 600 employees the expansion will create more jobs and management opportunities for our tribal members and will enhance the overall gaming and entertainment experiences to be found at The Pascua Yaqui tribe s new Casino Del Sol. The additions will posithree star hotel is expected tively impact our tribe its members and to complement the current Southern Arizona as a whole. four star resort hotel both RFPs have been let for construction overlooking the Pascua Yaqui and a contractor will be chosen by yeartribe s Sewailo Golf Course. end with architectural plans completed in the first quarter of 2018. Construction is expected to begin in the summer with completion 12 to 18 months later. It s a huge undertaking with lots of moving parts says Van Amburg. DECEMBER 2017 45 I Rent-a-Tribe is Dead SOVEREIGN TRIBAL LENDING IS THE FUTURE BY GARY DAVIS In reality Tucker retained full control over supposed tribal bank accounts related to the lending enterprises and he solicited no input from tribal officials on how to manage the businesses. In perhaps the most shocking of revelations customer service representatives at Tucker s call centers were given daily weather reports for distant tribal communities. The representatives were instructed to discuss the weather with customers and maintain the appearance that operations were taking place on tribal lands. As Tucker stood trial just down the road in a Philadelphia federal court a jury heard about the fake server placed by Charles Hallinan at a California tribe s headquarters to maintain the facade of tribal management. Hallinan installed a server at tribal offices where loan applications were supposedly processed. In actuality the server was connected to nothing and everything was handled from Hallinan s centers on the east coast witnesses testified. (The prosecution finished presenting its case Nov. 2 but there was no verdict by TBJ s deadline.) As one tribal business representative testified when Hallinan s deceit became clear the tribe ended its relationship with the godfather of the industry. Hallinan wrote in an email to his attorney If these guys are serious about their responsibilities GARY DAVIS then we re dealing with the wrong tribe. For any (CHEROKEE) IS non-Native looking to operate in this manner in In- EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR dian Country no tribe is the right tribe. OF THE NATIVE Sovereignty is not and never should be a loop- FINANCIAL SERVICES hole to exploit for non-Native business interests ASSOCIATION AND A seeking shelter from regulation or scrutiny. In its MEMBER OF THE TBJ purest form sovereignty is the ability of a nation to ADVISORY BOARD. t took a jury only 5 hours this past October to set into motion the close of a dark chapter in the history of tribal lending. The convictions of Scott Tucker and his attorney Timothy Muir on 14 different counts of fraud money laundering conspiracy and racketeering in a New York federal court signal the end of a business model that attempted to exploit tribal sovereignty purely for the benefit of non-Native businesses. With Tucker and Muir likely facing significant jail time and multi-billion dollar fines at their January sentencing hearing it is the perfect time to reflect on Tucker s perfidious dealings and just how far tribes have come effectively exercising sovereignty in the financial services sector. About a decade ago Tucker approached representatives from tribes in Oklahoma Nebraska and California about a business opportunity in which he would funnel his online payday lending operations through a tribal business. Tucker offered to pay each tribe 1 percent of the profits derived from the operations. For the Miami Nation of Oklahoma this ultimately amounted to more than 45 million over the course of the arrangement. As extensively documented in the trial record Tucker and Muir went to great lengths to maintain the facade of tribal management (and thus the benefit of immunity from suit afforded sovereign tribal entities) over the operations. In one instance Muir fraudulently signed official tribal legal documents in a 30 million settlement with a former Tucker business partner. Tucker and Muir even concocted a fake lawsuit by one tribe against Tucker s business interests to enhance the illusion that the tribe s interest in the lending operation was more than silent. 46 DECEMBER 2017 FINANCIAL SERVICES govern its own affairs. The federal policy of self-determination helped usher in an era in which sovereignty has become a powerful tool utilized by tribal governments to provide basic necessities and vital social programs for their communities. As the executive director of the Native American Financial Services Association (NAFSA) the only trade association dedicated to tribal financial services I see each day just how far tribal nations have come in this industry in asserting sovereignty and implementing a lending model that maintains operational control and management in the tribal community. All of our members use business codes to organize their operations lending codes to govern the behavior of those entities and form independent regulatory commissions to oversee compliance with applicable tribal and federal laws related to consumer credit. Each of these crucial components of creating and running a legitimate tribally-owned lending entity are further memorialized in NAFSA s industry best practices and required before a tribe is eligible to join our organization. The most lucrative business sectors that have emerged over the last two decades in Indian Country all had early challenges. However those short lived growing pains were overcome and tribes demonstrated just how competent capable innovative and sophisticated they are. For those reasons many tribes have successfully grown their businesses into multi-million dollar enterprises and left no doubt that tribal economic diversification is a tangible pathway to prosperity for Indian Country. Tribes that are sustainable and rooted in economic self-reliance hedge themselves against the devastating impacts of federal funding shortfalls and provide their communities with a much greater chance to prosper. We are the beneficiaries of the struggles overcome by those who have walked before us. Today at a faster pace than previously occurred in other tribal economic sectors our members have quickly gained the expertise to bring more of their lending operations in-house and make smart choices in regards to how they conduct all aspects of their business. By retaining fiscal and managerial control over their operations along with ultimate decision-making authority NAFSA members utilize their ownership position in a manner consistent with their status as sovereign nations. With the removal of bad actors like Tucker and Hallinan tribal lending is poised to become another benchmark of Native business. The days of the rent-a-tribe model in tribal lending are dead long live the sovereign tribal lending model. Long live self-determination and long live future generations of self-reliant communities across Indian Country. A leading developer of forest carbon projects for the California carbon market. TribalGovernmentandEnterprisePrograms StacyA.Sullivan CIC ACSR TribalSpecialist AccountExecutive Email Stacy Forest Carbon Partners finances and develops carbon offset projects that deliver real financial value and support the forest management goals of our clients. CONTACT US 1 415-321-3300 carbon DECEMBER 2017 47 DEATH RATES STILL RISING IN INDIAN COUNTRY DEATH RATES STILL RISING IN INDIAN COUNTRY BY DR. BRET BENALLY THOMPSON AND KRIS RHODES BY DR. BRET BENALLY THOMPSON AND KRIS RHODES Fighting Cancer ver the past 20 years the U.S. celebrated decreases in cancer death rates thanks to advances in cancer screening and cancer treatment. Unfortunately death rates among American Indians and Alaska Natives are still increasing. This is because too often Native people are diagnosed at a later stage where it is more difficult to treat and survive. Our traditional tribal teachings and Native ways of life are all about good health and wellness spirituality physical activity indigenous super foods and healthy tobacco use. We need to reclaim our ways and focus on our values--trusting centuries of wisdom and the resilience and strength of our people. The harmful use of cigarettes and other commercial tobacco is too common in many of our Native communities. Cigarettes have been identified as a cause of many types of cancer including cancer of the lung larynx (voice box) mouth esophagus throat bladder kidney liver stomach pancreas colon and rectum and cervix as well as acute myeloid leukemia. Other common exposures linked with increased cancer risk include alcohol sun exposure and radiation. Of course there are many concerns about other environmental exposures in many of our communities that still need more investigation. DR. BRET BENALLY Did you know there is a proven safe vaccine THOMPSON MD IS that provides cancer prevention The human papCHAIRMAN OF THE illomavirus (HPV) is a common infection that can AMERICAN INDIAN lead to cancer. Most people come into contact with CANCER FOUNDATION. HPV at some point. Fortunately the HPV vaccine KRIS RHODES MH IS can prevent up to 90 percent of the types of HPV CEO OF THE AMERICAN that cause these cancers. The vaccine is recomINDIAN CANCER mended for all children ages 11-12. FOUNDATION 48 DECEMBER 2017 SCREENING SAVES LIVES We aim to end cancer in Indian Country but without a cure for cancer in sight we are committed to prevention and screening. With regular screenings we can stop cancer in its tracks. Many of the most common cancers have screenings available. With insurance Medicare or Medicaid cancer screening should be available at no out of pocket cost. Talk to your doctor about what screening is best for you. Lung cancer is responsible for more cancer deaths than the next three leading cancers combined. New advances in lung cancer screening may help to catch cancer in an earlier stage for certain people at high risk which can lead to better survival. Colorectal Cancer is the second leading cancer. The good news is that colorectal cancer can usually be identified at early stages--with regular screenings. Screening options range from easy kits to do at home or a colonoscopy. Breast cancer is another leading cancer with high survival rates due to medical advances. The mammogram is an effective screening that can save lives by catching cancer early. TREATMENT OPTIONS If you or someone you love has been diagnosed with cancer you want the very best care. Of course treatment options depend on several factors such as the type and stage of cancer insurance coverage and personal beliefs and preferences. It may involve seeking care from a medicine man woman or traditional healer first. For people in rural communities cancer care will likely require travel. Cancer treatments have advanced in recent years and there are many great options that can even cure cancer from the body HEALTH CARE altogether. Some people with cancer will have only one treatment. But most people have a combination of treatments such as surgery with chemotherapy and or radiation therapy. Other options include immunotherapy targeted therapy and hormone therapy. Palliative care also will likely be a part of the treatment. This specialized care is focused on providing relief from the symptoms and stress of a serious illness. The goal is to improve quality of life for both the patient and the family. Clinical trials also might be an option. All of the benefits and risks of each cancer treatment will need to be considered to determine which is best. No matter which treatment option is chosen it will be important to keep track of all of the appointments and decisions. There are many examples of survivorship care plans available. This plan is a way to store information about the cancer diagnosis cancer treatment and follow-up care. The C word is something none of us want to hear. The fear can make us want to bury our head in the sand. We make excuses about there being so many cancer risks that are outside of our control and ignore the fact that we can take action to reduce our risk for the most common cancers. When we face the fear and take action we can live a long healthy life. If you are ready for more information about cancer prevention and screening talk to your doctor and visit the American Indian Cancer Foundation Our Investment 300 Million to Improve Quality of Life for Native Americans Collaborating with 1 000 partners on 60 remote reservations we provide immediate relief and support long-term solutions for year-round impact. Your Investment Work with us to provide education and leadership development and champion hope for a brighter future in tribal communities. Serving Native Americans with the highest need in the U.S. Contact Mark Ford (214) 217-2600 x118 DECEMBER 2017 49 Who makes up our tribe BY GLENN C. ZARING hen we build new businesses new enterprises and train our people to have jobs why are we doing it For them to make a living of course. But we also are doing this so that our tribe will continue to exist well into the future. We work hard so that our people will be here for years to come and not just become a footnote in a book someplace. For many years in Indian Country tribal membership or citizenship as some prefer to say has been a source of intense study. Whether your tribe was forced to follow the Dawes Rolls or some other way of proving tribal membership we ve had to follow an unnatural course for the honor of being a real tribal citizen. As is typical of the Eurocentric world this vaunted membership revolved around money. If you were an approved and official tribal member you could get money from past land grants current compacts per capita payments or some other such reason. 50 DECEMBER 2017 An expected but short-sighted result of this system of tribal-ness was the natural inclination of some to try to reduce the number of citizens so that the remaining ones would get more money. It seemed as if the honor of being part of a tribal family or tribe had disappeared into the background in the name of greed. Sad. Recently while I was sitting in a dental clinic waiting room I struck up a conversation with Helen a tribal elder and her daughter. We talked about her tribe and the controversial decision to cut off new members from coming into the family. Our tribal council made the decision several years ago in the face of some vehement disagreement. Prior to the vote a thorough actuarial study showed how if membership were limited in this fashion the eligible tribal members would disappear in a couple generations. It wasn t really brain surgery to reach this conclusion as the number of our elders keeps increasing and the number of our young members GLENN C. ZARING (CHEROKEE) IS THE FORMER PUBLIC AFFAIRS DIRECTOR OF THE LITTLE RIVER BAND OF OTTAWA INDIANS BASED IN MANISTEE MICHIGAN AND OWNER OF TRIBAL PUBLIC AFFAIRS ADVISOR (TPA2). HE MAY BE REACHED AT PUBLICAFFAIRSADVISOR GMAIL.COM. COMMUNICATIONS Think not forever of yourselves O Chiefs nor of your own generation. Think of continuing generations of our families think of our grandchildren and of those yet unborn whose faces are coming from beneath the ground. Many of the mixed blood famkeeps going down. As the elders ilies are stalwarts of their tribe. walk on who will step up and Words spoken by the Peacemaker They have honorable warriors take their place There won t be founder of the Iroquois Confederacy from all the wars and beloved anybody with enough qualifying circa 1000 A.D. elders teaching skills of not just blood quantum to be members. This is not a good course to follow if you want to have a tribal our tribal history but of other tribes as well. There are dances and ceremonies that were not original with the tribe but which future--any future at all Helen the beloved elder was quite forceful about her con- brought value and meaning into the tribal family. The same cerns because her heart has always been truly in the right holds true of other teachings. Over the years these elements place for the tribe. Her daughter after listening to her mom have been folded into the tribal identity in a good way. As you see from the pages of TBJ much is being done to for a while spoke up and said We used to bring people into the tribe who wanted to be members and who brought skills create and improve business and business opportunities for the and knowledge that we needed. Why did we ever get away Indians Native Americans Indigenous Peoples or whatever from that She says It didn t matter if they were Cherokee name you choose to use for us. It is however time to think about the future generations of our people. As the Peacemaker or whatever (She winked at me...) Her daughter s comment hit home. In thinking of the member- said Think of continuing generations of our families . Will ship and families many of them are mixed blood with Lakota our businesses survive but our people won t Perhaps it is time for some serious contemplation about just Odawa Potawatomi and others included. Oh yes there is plenty who belongs in our tribal circles of black and white blood flowing through their veins too Fourth Annual Tribal Government E-Commerce CLE Conference Presented by Rosette LLP American Indian Economic Development Program Wiring the Rez Innovative Strategies for Business Development Via E-Commerce Conference February 1-2 2018 Wild Horse Pass Hotel & Casino Chandler AZ INSIGHT RISES IN THE WEST The sun rises on your tribe s culture and sovereignty. That s why it s important to stay up-to-date with information relevant to your tribe or tribal enterprise. Discover how our industry-specific online resources can help you thrive. MOS SA DA MS.COM TRIBES RISE WITH THE WEST. Register now at ecommerce2018 Indian Legal Program Assurance tax and consulting offered through Moss Adams LLP. Wealth management provided by Moss Adams Wealth Advisors LLC. Investment banking offered through Moss Adams Capital LLC. DECEMBER 2017 51 CALENDAR January AFFILIATED TRIBES OF NORTHWEST INDIANS WINTER CONVENTION Portland Oregon Jan. 22-25 TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE FIRST QUARTERLY MEETING Washington D.C. Jan. 23-25 February 2018 EXECUTIVE COUNCIL WINTER SESSION Capital Hilton Washington D.C. Feb. 12-15 NATIONAL RES LAS VEGAS Las Vegas Nevada Tribal Business Journal compiles a monthly calendar of economic development events in Indian Country. If you have an event you would like to have published please send information eight weeks in advance of the event to Andrea Richard associate editor at arichard Arizona handicraft ceramics On the apalachian trail 52 DECEMBER 2017 Mar. 5-8 March LAST LOOK T THE WINTER INDIAN MARKET TO SHOWCASE MORE THAN 130 NATIVE ARTISTS BY ANDREA RICHARD Festive Art Gifts is the season for celebrating Native arts and one way to do so is to give the gift of handcrafted pieces by fellow Indigenous peoples. For two days in Santa Fe the Southwestern Association for Indian Arts and La Fonda on the Plaza will host an indoor market featuring more than 130 Native artists. Live Native music and dance will enliven the market offering goers a festive experience during the holiday season. Rumor has it a Native Santa will appear. A silent auction of artwork by many well-known Native artists will provide visitors the opportunity to walk away with great deals on art with proceeds benefiting SWAIA. The market will include artists from a wide range of discipline including jewelry pottery and ornaments. Participating artists include 2017 Best of Class winners Wes Willie (jewelry) Angie Yazzie (pottery) and Lola Cody (weavings). Other award-winning artists showing will include Keri Ataumbi Jolene Bird Ira Custer Erik Fender Glendora Fragua among many others. Last year the Winter Market was wonderful especially because of the earlier date in December rather than November and the new location La Fonda was so right. It was a festive time for our customers to do their shopping says Prudy Correa a potter from Acoma Pueblo. The 2017 Winter Indian Market will occur Saturday Dec. 16 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Sunday Dec. 17 from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. For tickets and information visit and DECEMBER 2017 53 SPONSORED INDUSTRY CONTENT TELECOM AND TECHNOLOGY Bridging the digital divide BY ANDREW METCALFE I M ENCOURAGED BY THE SPOTLIGHT that the new Federal Communications Commission Chairman Ajit Pai has placed on the digital divide this year. It is a divide that continues to impact millions and up to 85% of people living in Indian Country across the United States. While embarking on several in person meetings across the country Chairman Pai indicated that meeting in person acknowledging the problem and committing to communication and collaboration to solve the problem was important to him. Chairman Pai s remarks this year and policy making reflect a deep understanding that Internet connectivity is necessary to fully participate in today s digital economy. Not having Internet access means not being able to search job listings not being able to take advantage of distance learning opportunities not being able to consult remotely with a doctor when you live hours from the nearest hospital and not being able to help store memories of your culture online. 54 DECEMBER 2017 Today there are over tribally owned 60 broadcast radio stations and a half dozen telecommunications companies and I feel there should and will be more to come. I believe the time has come that the FCC will build upon the foundation of working with Tribal Nations on telecommunications matters affecting Indian Country. Tribes need to continue to advocate for licensed wireless spectrum allocation for their use and operation on Tribal lands. Tribes also need to allocate internal financing and seek matching outside funding for middle mile (the fiber or wireless connectors or roadways to the Reservation and Tribal lands) and last mile (the fiber or wireless connection to the government businesses and homes) facilities to connect your members. In the last few months there has been progress on the Mobility Fund II and Connect America Fund programs and next the FCC plans to move forward with the Remote Areas Fund. The primary goal of this Fund will be simple if there are ar- eas that are still unserved after the two auctions the FCC will direct additional subsidies to build out broadband in those areas. The new programs will target unserved areas and ensure that service meets the standards needed to deliver digital opportunity. Policy changes are underway to remove some of the regulatory barriers that have sabotaged deployment plans and kept too many Tribal members offline. As 2017 comes to a close and I reflect on this year I am encouraged by the strong desire to Bridge the Digital Divide in Indian Country. I urge that you not sit on the sidelines and wait for the long processes of auctions fund allocations and other programs. You should engage in ANDREW METCALFE the process with the FCC IS CEO PRESIDENT but you also need take OF NATIVE NETWORK. bold steps to improve the HE HAS 30 YEARS broadband capabilities OF EXPERIENCE and economic conditions AS AN ENGINEER for your members and the ENTREPRENEUR AND generations to come. VISIONARY. Fourth Annual Tribal Government E-Commerce CLE Conference Presented by Rosette LLP American Indian Economic Development Program Wiring the Rez February 1-2 2018 Wild Horse Pass Hotel & Casino Chandler AZ Innovative Strategies for Business Development Via E-Commerce Conference Indian Legal Program DECEMBER 2017 55 SPONSORED INDUSTRY CONTENT CONTRACTING Good Genes BY MICHAEL KEAWE ANDERSON THE NOTION OF NOBLESSE oblige is nothing new for Natives in fact it seems to be part of our genetic code. Taking care of and providing for our youth and elders is a concern we all share and helping our neighbors is just part of who we are as a people. Countless times I have seen my father pull over to see if that person walking down the side of the road needed a ride. Likewise on numerous occasions I have seen my brother give with reckless abandon to anyone who needs it. After a late night at the powwow how many times have you seen a group doing all they could to help a family with their car hood up It s simply part of who we are good deeds kindness generosity just more things Natives excel at. These good deeds are not done for praise or recognition I have seen people go out of their way to avoid being recognized for preforming a good deed. The good is in the deed not the recognition. It s true sometimes people lose their way altruism and humility aren t for everyone. Generally speaking though in most native communi56 DECEMBER 2017 ties good deeds are the rule not the exception and for most not helping seems foreign. But is this philosophy out of place in the world of business Philosophical leanings aside Native owned businesses must overcome more than their fair share of obstacles if they are to succeed. Historically barriers to success have been presented at the local state and federal levels and then of course sometimes all the above all at once. This all creates an environment that is far removed from generosity and goodwill. Who could blame our titans of industry if they became jaded and adopted mainstream attitudes and ideals. Fortunately through federal contracting tribally owned companies Alaskan Native Corporations and Native Hawaiian Organizations have found a business model that fulfills both their desire to succeed in business and their innate desire to do good for their communities. Contracting is one way native entity owned firms can expand their capabilities empowering them to grow beyond their borders while maintaining their connection to home. These firms provide scholarships fund language and cultural programs and support the programs that serve the well-being of our communities. Federal contracting presents Native owned businesses an avenue to success and the ability to advancing and care for their people. So yes a philanthropic philosophy does have a place in the fast pace business world. In fact success here sets us up to do the good deeds we desperately desire. For questions and information about feder- MICHAEL KEAWE ANDERSON IS al contracting THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE contact the NaNATIVE AMERICAN CONTRACTORS tive American ASSOCIATION WHICH PROTECTS Contractors THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS Association at PEOPLE TO CREATE ECONOMIC membership DEVELOPMENT THROUGH nativecontrac- GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING. or call CONTACT HIM AT KEAWE (202) 758-2676. NATIVECONTRACTORS.ORG. DECEMBER 2017 57 SPONSORED INDUSTRY CONTENT BANKING Chickasaw Nation is some 60 000 citizens strong and a powerhouse in business and government services. Theme Non-Profits BY J.D. COLBERT THE CITIZEN POTAWATOMI COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION the Chickasaw Nation Small Business Development Center First Nations Development Institute Native American Capital LLC The Lakota Fund. These are just a few of the scores of Native-owned and controlled Community Development Financial Institutions ( CDFIs ). This large national community of Native CDFIs are hard at work in community and economic development with the overall goal of improving the quality of life in Indian Country. They do this by creating greater access to financial services capital and technical assistance. Each Native CDFI has a specific area of focus. The products and services they offer to their clients vary greatly from CDFI to CDFI. However such services generally fall into three large categories housing small business and technical assistance such as financial literacy and homebuyer education. Most of these Native CDFIs operate as a not-for-profit. However they include a number of for profit financial intermediaries such as banks and including the Bank of Cherokee County and the Chickasaw-owned Bank2 located in Oklahoma City OK. This is an important distinction because generally the not-for-profit small business lenders can adopt more liberal lending standards for their clients. Such broader lending standards are especially important for young and growing small businesses. In my experience such small businesses typically will have strong cash flow but lack collateral to back the loan. A not-for-profit CDFI may have underwriting 58 DECEMBER 2017 standards that allow the loan to be less than 100% collateralized. The Native CDFI community has come a long ways since its beginning in the early 1980s. I recall that The Lakota Fund and Oweesta were among the first to appear on the landscape of Indian Country. The entire CDFI effort Native and non-Native was given a great boost with the passage of the Community Development Financial Institutions Act of 1994. The Act created the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund (the CDFI Fund ). The objective of the CDFI Fund is to promote economic revitalization in distressed communities by providing financial assistance and information to CDFIs. If you are a small busiJD COLBERT HAS A 40-YEAR BANKING AND FINANCE ness owner looking for CAREER AND WAS THE FIRST EVER NATIVE AMERICAN loans or capital you would FEDERAL BANK EXAMINER. HE HAS SERVED ON THE be wise to considering BOARDS OF FIVE BANKS AND SERVED AS PRESIDENT OF approaching a CDFI. TWO BANKS INCLUDING NATIVE AMERICAN BANK WHERE If you are a tribe and HE WAS ALSO CEO. HE HAS BEEN A FINANCIAL ADVISOR you don t have a CDFI I IN THE FORMATION OF A NUMBER OF TRIBALLY OWNED strongly encourage you BANKS. HE IS CURRENTLY A CANDIDATE FOR CONGRESS to form one. Native CDAND PRESIDENT AND CEO OF HOLISSO HAKV INC. WWW. FIs have a demonstrated HOLISSOHAKV.COM A BANKING AND MERGERS AND track record of improving ACQUISITIONS FINANCIAL ADVISORY FIRM. COLBERT MAY the quality of life in Indian BE CONTACTED AT 469-359-7008 (OFFICE) 918-758-8050 Country. (CELL) OR JCOLBERT HOLISSOHAKV.COM. DECEMBER 2017 59 60 DECEMBER 2017